OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 15, Iss. 8 — Apr. 16, 2007
  • pp: 5248–5259

Spatial solitons in nematic liquid crystals: from bulk to discrete

G. Assanto, A. Fratalocchi, and M. Peccianti  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 15, Issue 8, pp. 5248-5259 (2007)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.15.005248


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1314 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We review theoretical and experimental results on spatial solitons in nematic liquid crystalline cells, including two-dimensional solitons in bulk and discrete solitons in one-dimensional waveguide arrays. In bulk we describe the propagation of continuous solitons in the presence of adjustable walk-off, their interaction with light-induced defects and refraction-reflection at a voltage-tunable interface. In optical lattices we address the transition from discrete diffraction to localization, as well as all-optical beam steering.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(130.2790) Integrated optics : Guided waves
(160.3710) Materials : Liquid crystals
(190.0190) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics in Novel Media and Materials

History
Original Manuscript: February 1, 2007
Revised Manuscript: March 21, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: March 21, 2007
Published: April 13, 2007

Virtual Issues
Focus Serial: Frontiers of Nonlinear Optics (2007) Optics Express

Citation
G. Assanto, A. Fratalocchi, and M. Peccianti, "Spatial solitons in nematic liquid crystals: from bulk to discrete," Opt. Express 15, 5248-5259 (2007)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-8-5248


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. G. I. Stegeman, D. N. Christodoulides, and M. Segev, "Optical spatial solitons: historical perspectives," J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1419-1426 (2000). [CrossRef]
  2. S. Trillo and W. E. Torruellas, Spatial Solitons (Springer-Verlag, Berlin 2001).
  3. Y. S. Kivshar and G. P. Agrawal, Optical Solitons (Academic Press, San Diego, 2003).
  4. C. Conti and G. Assanto, "Nonlinear Optics Applications: Bright Spatial Solitons," Encyclopedia of Modern Optics, R. D. Guenther, D. G. Steel and L. Bayvel, eds., Vol. 5, 43-55, (Elsevier, Oxford, 2004).
  5. M. Peccianti, G. Assanto, A. De Luca, C. Umeton, and I. C. Khoo, "Electrically assisted self-confinement and waveguiding in Planar Nematic Liquid Crystal cells," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 7-9 (2000). [CrossRef]
  6. C. Conti, M. Peccianti, and G. Assanto, "Route to nonlocality and observation of accessible solitons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 073901 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. C. Conti, M. Peccianti, and G. Assanto, "Observation of optical spatial solitons in a highly nonlocal medium," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 113902 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. M. Peccianti, C. Conti, G. Assanto, A. De Luca, and C. Umeton, "Routing of highly anisotropic spatial solitons and modulational instability in liquid crystals," Nature (London) 432, 733-737 (2004). [CrossRef]
  9. A. Fratalocchi, G. Assanto, K. A. Brzdąkiewicz, and M. A. Karpierz, "Discrete propagation and spatial solitons in nematic liquid crystals," Opt. Lett. 29, 1530-1532 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. P. G. de Gennes and J. Prost, Physics of Liquid Crystals, 2nd ed. (Oxford U. Press, London, 1993). [PubMed]
  11. I. C. Khoo, Liquid Crystals: Physical Properties and Nonlinear Optical Phenomena (Wiley, New York, 1995).
  12. M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics: Electromagnetic Theory of Propagation, Interference and Diffraction of Light (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1999). [PubMed]
  13. G. Assanto, M. Peccianti, and C. Conti, "Nematicons: optical spatial solitons in nematic liquid crystals," Opt. Photonics News 14, 44-48 (2003). [CrossRef]
  14. K. Kos, H. Meng, G. Salamo, M.-F. Shih, M. Segev, and G. C. Valley, "One-dimensional steady-state photorefractive screening solitons," Phys. Rev. E 53, R4330-R4333 (1996). [CrossRef]
  15. W. Królikowski, C. Denz, A. Stepkenz, M. Saffmanx, and B. Luther-Davies, "Interaction of spatial photorefractive solitons," Quantum Semiclassic Opt. 10, 823-837 (1998). [CrossRef]
  16. C. Rotschild, O. Cohen, O. Manela, M. Segev, and T. Carmon, "Solitons in Nonlinear Media with an Infinite Range of Nonlocality," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 213904 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. A. Alberucci, M. Peccianti, G. Assanto, G. Coschignano, A. De Luca, and C. Umeton, "Self-healing generation of spatial solitons in liquid crystals," Opt. Lett. 30, 1381-1383 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. A. Pasquazi, A. Alberucci, M. Peccianti, and G. Assanto, "Signal processing by opto-optical interactions between self-localized and free propagating beams in liquid crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 261104 (2005). [CrossRef]
  19. S. V. Serak, N. V. Tabiryan, M. Peccianti, and G. Assanto, "Spatial Soliton All-Optical Logic Gates," Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1287-1289 (2006). [CrossRef]
  20. M. Peccianti, A. Dyadyusha, M. Kaczmarek, and G. Assanto, "Tunable refraction and reflection of self-confined light beams," Nat. Phys. (London) 2, 737-742 (2006). [CrossRef]
  21. D. N. Christodoulides and R. I. Joseph, "Discrete self-focusing in nonlinear arrays of coupled waveguides," Opt. Lett. 13, 794-796 (1988). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. A. B. Aceves, C. de Angelis, T. Peschel, R. Muschall, F. Lederer, S. Trillo, and S. Wabnitz, "Discrete self-trapping, soliton interactions, and beam steering in nonlinear waveguide arrays," Phys. Rev. E 53, 1172-1189 (1996). [CrossRef]
  23. D. N. Christodoulides and E. D. Eugenieva, "Blocking and routing discrete solitons in two-dimensional networks of Nonlinear Waveguide Arrays," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 233901 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. A. A. Sukhorukov, Y. S. Kivshar, H. S. Eisenberg, and Y. Silberberg, "Spatial optical solitons in waveguide arrays," J. Quantum Electron. 39, 31-50 (2003). [CrossRef]
  25. D. Christodoulides, F. Lederer, and Y. Silberberg, "Discretizing light behaviour in linear and nonlinear waveguide lattices," Nature 424, 817-823 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. R. Morandotti, U. Peschel, J. S. Aitchison, H. S. Eisenberg, and Y. Silberberg, "Experimental observation of linear and nonlinear optical Bloch oscillations," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4756-4759 (1999). [CrossRef]
  27. R. Morandotti, U. Peschel, J. S. Aitchison, H. S. Eisenberg, and Y. Silberberg, "Dynamics of discrete solitons in optical waveguide arrays," Phys. Rev. Lett.,  83, 2726 (1998). [CrossRef]
  28. S. Longhi, M. Marangoni, M. Lobino, R. Ramponi, P. Laporta, E. Cianci, and V. Foglietti, "Observation of dynamic localization in periodically curved waveguide arrays," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 243901 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. T. Pertsch, T. Zentgraf, U. Peschel, A. Brauer, and F. Lederer, "Anomalous refraction and diffraction in discrete optical systems," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 093901 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. T. Pertsch, U. Peschel, and F. Lederer, "All-optical switching in quadratically nonlinear waveguide arrays," Opt. Lett. 28, 102-104 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. N. K. Efremidis, J. Hudock, D. N. Christodoulides, J. W. Fleischer, O. Cohen, and M. Segev, "Two-dimensional optical lattice solitons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 213906 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  32. R. Iwanow, R. Schiek, G. I. Stegeman, T. Pertsch, F. Lederer, Y. Min, and W. Sohler, "Observation of discrete quadratic solitons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 113902 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  33. A. Fratalocchi, G. Assanto, K. A. Brzdakiewicz, and M. A. Karpierz, "Discrete light propagation and self-trapping in liquid crystals," Opt. Express 13, 1808-1813 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  34. A. Fratalocchi and G. Assanto, "Discrete light localization in one dimensional nonlinear lattices with arbitrary non locality," Phys. Rev. E 72, 066608 (2005). [CrossRef]
  35. A. Fratalocchi, G. Assanto, K. A. Brzdakiewicz, and M. A. Karpierz, "All-optical switching and beam steering in tunable waveguide arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 51112 (2005). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Multimedia

Multimedia FilesRecommended Software
» Media 1: MOV (2067 KB)     
» Media 2: MOV (268 KB)     
» Media 3: MOV (176 KB)     

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited