OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijin de Sterke
  • Vol. 15, Iss. 9 — Apr. 30, 2007
  • pp: 5288–5309

Spectrally flat and broadband double-pumped fiber optical parametric amplifiers

J. M. Chavez Boggio, J. D. Marconi, S. R. Bickham, and H. L. Fragnito  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 15, Issue 9, pp. 5288-5309 (2007)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.15.005288


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (2177 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We study theoretically and experimentally spectrally flat and broadband double-pumped fiber-optical parametric amplifiers (2P-FOPAs). Closed formulas are derived for the gain ripple in 2P-FOPAs as a function of the pump wavelength separation and power, and the fiber non-linearity and fourth order dispersion coefficients. The impact of longitudinal random variations of the zero dispersion wavelength (λ0) on the gain flatness is investigated. Our theoretical findings are substantiated with experiments using conventional dispersion shifted fibers and highly nonlinear fibers (HNLFs). By using a HNLF having a low variation of λ0 we demonstrate high gain and flat spectrum (25 ± 1.5 dB) over 115 nm.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2320) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics amplifiers and oscillators
(060.2330) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics communications
(190.4370) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, fibers

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

History
Original Manuscript: February 5, 2007
Revised Manuscript: April 5, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: April 10, 2007
Published: April 16, 2007

Citation
J. M. Chavez Boggio, J. D. Marconi, S. R. Bickham, and H. L. Fragnito, "Spectrally flat and broadband double-pumped fiber optical parametric amplifiers," Opt. Express 15, 5288-5309 (2007)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-9-5288


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. Y. Emori, S. Matsushita, and S. Naminki, "1 THz-spaced multi-wavelength pumping for broad-band Raman amplifiers," in Proc. European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC) vol. 2, 2000, paper 4.4.2, pp. 73-74.
  2. Y.B. Lu, P.L. Chu, A. Alphones, P. Shum, "A 105-nm ultrawide-band gain-flattened amplifier combining C-and L-band dual-core EDFAs in a parallel configuration," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1640-1642 (2004). [CrossRef]
  3. E. Desurvire, "Optical communications in 2025," in Proc. European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC), September 2005, Glasgow, Scotland.
  4. J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P. O. Hedekvist, "Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 506-520 (2002). [CrossRef]
  5. S. Radic and C.J. McKinstrie, "Optical amplification and signal processing in highly nonlinear optical fiber," IEICE Trans. Electron. E88-C, 859-869 (2005). [CrossRef]
  6. M Yu, C.J. McKinstrie, GP Agrawal, "Modulation instabilities in dispersion flattened fibers," Phys. Rev. E,  52, 1072-1080 (1995). [CrossRef]
  7. M.E. Marhic, N. Kagi, T.-K. Chiang, and L.G. Kazovsky, "Broadband fiber optical parametric amplifiers," Opt. Lett. 21, 573− 575 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. C. Floridia, M.L. Sundheimer, L.S. Menezes, and A.S.L. Gomes, "Optimization of spectrally flat and broadband single-pump fiber optic parametric amplifiers," Opt. Commun. 223, 381-388, 2003. [CrossRef]
  9. P. Dainese, G.S. Wiederhecker, A.A. Rieznik, H.L. Fragnito, and H.E. Hernandez-Figueroa "Designing fiber dispersion for broadband parametric amplifiers," IEEE-SBMO, International Microwave and Optoelectronics Conference (IMOC), 2005, pp. 1-3.
  10. K. Inoue, "Arrangement of fiber pieces for a wide wavelength conversion range by fiber four-wave mixing," Opt. Lett. 19, 1189-1191 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. M.E. Marhic, F.S. Yang, M.C. Ho, and L.G. Kazovsky, "High-nonlinearity fiber optical parametric amplifier with periodic dispersion compensation," J. Ligthwave Technol. 17, 210-215 (1999). [CrossRef]
  12. J. Hansryd and P. A. Andrekson, "Broad-band continuous-wave-pumped fiber optical parametric amplifier with 49-dB gain and wavelength-conversion efficiency,"  13, 194-196 (2001).
  13. L. Provino, A. Mussot, E. Lantz, T. Sylvestre, and H. Maillote, "Broad-band and flat parametric amplifiers with a multi-section dispersion-tailored nonlinear fiber arrangement," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 20, 1532-1539 (2003). [CrossRef]
  14. M. Yu, C.J. McKinstrie, and G.P. Agrawal, "Instability due to cross-phase modulation in the normal dispersion regime," Phys. Rev. E 52, 1072-1080 (1993). [CrossRef]
  15. M.E. Marhic, Y. Park, F.S. Yang, and L.G. Kazovsky, "Broadband fiber optical parametric amplifiers and wavelength converters with low-ripple Chebyshev gain spectra," Opt. Lett. 21, 1354-1356 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. J.M. Chavez Boggio, S. Tenenbaum and H.L. Fragnito, "Amplification of broadband noise pumped by two lasers in optical fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 1428-1435 (2001). [CrossRef]
  17. C.J. McKinstrie, S. Radic, and A.R. Chraplyvy, "Parametric amplifiers driven by two pump waves," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum. Electron. 8, 538-547 (2002). [CrossRef]
  18. M.Y. Gao, C. Jiang, W. Hu, and J. Wang, "Two-pump fiber optical parametric amplifiers with three sections fiber allocation," Opt. Laser Technol. 38, 186-191 (2006). [CrossRef]
  19. S. Radic, C.J. McKinstrie, R.M. Jopson, J.C. Centanni, Q. Lin, and G.P. Agrawal, "Record performance of parametric amplifier constructed with highly nonlinear fibre," Electron. Lett. 39, 838-839 (2003). [CrossRef]
  20. S. Radic, C.J. McKinstrie, R.M. Jopson, and J.C. Centanni, "Continuous wave parametric amplifier with 41.5 nm of flat gain," in Proc. of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), 2004, Paper TuC4.
  21. J.M. Chavez Boggio, J.D. Marconi, and H.L. Fragnito, "Double-pumped fiber optical parametric amplifier with flat gain over 47-nm bandwidth using a conventional dispersion-shifted fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1842-1844 (2005). [CrossRef]
  22. J.M. Chavez Boggio, J.D. Marconi, H.L. Fragnito, S.R. Bickham, and C. Mazzali, "Broadband and low ripple double-pumped fiber optical parametric amplifier and wavelength converters using HNLF," in Proc. Optical Amplifiers and their Applications (OAA), June 2006, Whistler, Canada.
  23. M. Hirano, T. Nakanishi, T. Okuno, and M. Onishi, "Broadband wavelength conversion over 193-nm by HNL-DSF improving higher-order dispersion performance," in Proc. European Conference Optical Communication (ECOC), 2005, Glasgow, Scotland, PD paper Th 4.4.4.
  24. T. Nakanishi, M. Hirano, T. Okuno, and M. Onishi, "Silica based highly nonlinear fiber with γ = 30 /W/km and its FWM-based conversion efficiency," in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), 2006, Anaheim, paper OtuH7.
  25. J.M. Chavez Boggio, P. Dainese, and H.L. Fragnito, "Performance of a two-pump fiber optical parametric amplifier in a 10Gb/s×64 channel dense wavelength division multiplexing system," Opt. Commun. 218, 303-310 (2003). [CrossRef]
  26. F. Yaman, Q. Lin, S. Radic, and G.P. Agrawal, "Impact of dispersion fluctuations on dual-pump fiber-optic parametric amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1292-1294 (2004). [CrossRef]
  27. X.M. Liu, W. Zhao, K.Q. Lu, T.Y. Zhang, Y.S. Wang, M. Ouyang, S.L. Zhu, G.F. Chen, and X. Hou "Optimization and comparison of single- and dual-pump fiber-optical parametric amplifiers with dispersion fluctuations," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 4074-4082 (2006). [CrossRef]
  28. A. Legrand, C. Simonneau, D. Bayart, A. Mussot, E. Lantz, T. Sylvestre, H. Maillotte, in Proc. Optical Amplifiers and their Applications (OAA), July 2003, Otaru, Japan.
  29. F. Yaman, Q. Lin, and G.P. Agrawal, "Effects of polarization-mode dispersion in dual-pump fiber-optic parametric amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 431-433 (2004). [CrossRef]
  30. C.J. McKinstrie, H. Kogelnik, R.M. Jopson, S. Radic, and A.V. Kanaev, "Four-wave mixing in fibers with random birefringence," Opt. Express 12, 2033 (2003). [CrossRef]
  31. M.E. Marhic, K.K.Y. Wong, and L.G. Kazovsky, "Parametric amplification in optical fibers with random birefringence," in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), February 2004, Anaheim, paper TuC2.
  32. J.M. Chavez Boggio, S. Tenenbaum, J.D. Marconi, and H.L. Fragnito, "A novel method for measuring longitudinal variations of the zero dispersion wavelength in optical fibers," in Proc. European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), September 2006, Cannes, France, paper Th1.5.2.
  33. M. Karlsson, J. Brentel, and P. A. Andrekson, "Long-term measurement of PMD and polarization drift in installed fibers," J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 941-951 (2000). [CrossRef]
  34. M. Farahmand and M. de Sterke, "Parametric amplification in presence of dispersion fluctuations," Opt. Express 12, 136-142 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  35. J.L. Blows and P. F. Hu, "Cross-talk-induced limitations of two-pump optical fiber parametric amplifiers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 989-995 (2004). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited