OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijin de Sterke
  • Vol. 15, Iss. 9 — Apr. 30, 2007
  • pp: 5394–5404

Spatio-temporal characterization of few-cycle pulses obtained by filamentation

A. Zaïr, A. Guandalini, F. Schapper, M. Holler, J. Biegert, L. Gallmann, A. Couairon, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, and U. Keller  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 15, Issue 9, pp. 5394-5404 (2007)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.15.005394


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (340 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Intense sub-5-fs pulses were generated by filamentation in a noble gas and subsequent chirped-mirror pulse compression. The transversal spatial dependence of the temporal pulse profile was investigated by spatial selection of parts of the output beam. Selecting the central core of the beam is required for obtaining the shortest possible pulses. Higher energy efficiency is only obtained at the expense of pulse contrast since towards the outer parts of the beam the energy is spread into satellite structures leading to a double-pulse profile on the very off-axis part of the beam. Depending on the requirements for a particular application, a trade-off between the pulse duration and the pulse energy has to be done. The energy of the sub-5-fs pulses produced was sufficient for the generation of high order harmonics in Argon. In addition, full simulation is performed in space and time on pulse propagation through filamentation that explains the double-pulse structure observed as part of a conical emission enhanced by the plasma defocusing.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(320.5520) Ultrafast optics : Pulse compression
(320.7100) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast measurements

ToC Category:
Ultrafast Optics

History
Original Manuscript: March 13, 2007
Revised Manuscript: April 9, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: April 10, 2007
Published: April 18, 2007

Citation
A. Zaïr, A. Guandalini, F. Schapper, M. Holler, J. Biegert, L. Gallmann, A. Couairon, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, and U. Keller, "Spatio-temporal characterization of few-cycle pulses obtained by filamentation," Opt. Express 15, 5394-5404 (2007)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-9-5394


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. J. J. Macklin, J. D. Kmetec, and C. L. Gordon, "High-order harmonic generation using intense femtosecond pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 70,766-769 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. Ph. Antoine, A. L'Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, "Attosecond Pulse Trains using High-Order Harmonics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 77,1234-1237 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, "X-ray pulses approaching the Attosecond Frontier," Science 291,1923-1927 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, "Observation of Train of Attosecond Pulses from High Harmonic Generation," Science 292,1689-1692 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, "Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation," Appl. Phys. B. 69,327-332 (1999). [CrossRef]
  6. D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of Femtosecond Mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288,635-639 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. G. Sansone, E. B., F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314,443-446 (2006). [CrossRef]
  8. M. Nisoli, S. de Silvestri, O. Svelto, R. Szipöecs, K. Ferencz, Ch. Spielmann, S. Sartania, and F. Krausz "Compression of high-energy laser pulses below 5 fs," Opt. Lett. 22,522-524 (1997). [CrossRef]
  9. C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, U. Keller "Generation of intense carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation," Appl. Phys. B. 79,673-677 (2004). [CrossRef]
  10. A. Guandalini, P. Eckle, M. P. Anscombe, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "5.1 fs pulses generated by filamentation and carrier-envelope phase stability analysis," J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 39,S257-S264 (2006). [CrossRef]
  11. A. Couairon, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, U. Keller, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Self-compression of ultrashort laser pulses down to one optical cycle by filamentation," J. Mod. Opt. 53,87-96 (2006).
  12. A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, Ch. Spielmann, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch and F. Krausz, "Controlling the phase evolution of few-cycle light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85,740-743 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. A. Braun, G. Korn, X. Liu, D. Du, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, "Self-channeling of high-peak-power femtosecond laser pulses in air," Opt. Lett. 20, (1995). [CrossRef]
  14. B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, H. Buersing, B. Eberle, M. Krenz, D. Seiffer, and O. Vasseur, "Spatial mode cleaning by femtosecond filamentation in air," Opt. Lett. 31, 2601-2603 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. H. R. Lange, A. Chiron, J-F. Ripoche, A. Mysyrowicz, P. Breger, and P. Agostini, "High-Order Harmonic generation and quasiphase matching in Xenon using self-guided femtosecond pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81,1611-1613 (1998). [CrossRef]
  16. A. Couairon, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Pulse self-compression to the single-cycle limit by filamentation in a gas with a pressure gradient," Opt. Lett. 30,2657-2659 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. G. Stibenz, N. Zhavoronkov, and G. Steinmeyer, "Self-compression of millijoule pulses to 7.8 fs duration," Opt. Lett. 3,274-276 (2006). [CrossRef]
  18. F. Théberge, N. Akŏzbek, W. Liu, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, "Tunable ultrashort laser pulses generated through Filamentation in Gases," Phys. Rev. Lett.023904 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. L. Gallmann, T. Pfeifer, P. M. Nagel, M. J. Abel, D. M. Neumark, and S.R. Leone, "Comparaison of the filamentation and the hollw-core fiber characteristics for pulse compression into the few-cycle regime," App. Phys. B. 86,2503-2508 (2007). [CrossRef]
  20. L. Gallmann, D. H. Sutter, N. Matuschek, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, C. Iaconis, and I. A. Walmsley, "Characterization of sub-6-fs optical pulses with spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction," Opt. Lett. 24,1314-1316 (1999). [CrossRef]
  21. W. Kornelis, J. Biegert, J. W. G. Tisch, M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, C. Vozzi, S. De Silvestri, and U. Keller, "Single-shot kilohertz characterization of ultrashort pulses by spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-filed reconstruction," Opt. Lett. 28,281-283 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, "Spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction of ultrashort optical pulses," Opt. Lett. 23,792-794 (1998). [CrossRef]
  23. P. Salières, B. Carré, L. Le Déroff, F. Grasbon, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Kopold, W. Becker, D. B. Miloevi, A. Sanpera, and M. Lewenstein, "Feynman's path-integral approach for intense-laser-atom interactions," Science 292,902 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. A. L’Huillier, M. Lewenstein, P. Salières, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, J. Larsson, and C. G. Wahlström, "High-order harmonic generation cutoff," Phys. Rev. A. 48,R3433-R3436 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, "Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media," Phys. Rep. 441,47-189 (2007). [CrossRef]
  26. T. Brabec and F. Krausz, "Nonlinear optical pulse Propagation in the Single-Cycle Regime," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78,3282 (1997). [CrossRef]
  27. A. A. Zozulya, S. A. Diddams, and T. S. Clement, "Investigatins of nonlinear femtosecond pulse propagation with the inclusion of Raman, shock, and third-order phase effects," Phys. Rev. A. 58,3303 (1998). [CrossRef]
  28. Dalgarno and Kingston, "The Refractive Indices and Verdet Constants of the Inert Gases," Proc. Roy. Soc. London Ser. A. 259, (1966).
  29. D. P. Shelton "Nonlinear-optical susceptibilities of gases measured at 1064 and 1319 nm," Phys. Rev. A. 42,2578 (1990). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. V. Mizrahi and D. P. Shelton "Dispersion of Nonlinear Susceptibilities of Ar, N2, and O2 Measured and Compared," Phys. Rev. Lett. 55,696 (1985). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. A. Couairon, M. Franco, G. Méchain, T. Olivier, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Fentosecond filamentation in air at low pressures," Opt. Commun. 265, (2006).
  32. K. Ishikawa, H. Kumagai, and K. Midorikawa, "High-power regime of femtosecond-laser pulse propagation in silica: Multiple-cone formation," Phys. Rev. E. 66,056608 (2002). [CrossRef]
  33. A. Dubietis, E. Gaižauskas, G. Tamŏsauskas, and P. Di Trapani, "Light Filaments without self-channeling," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92,253903 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  34. D. Faccio, P. Di Trapani, S. Minardi, A. Bramati, F. Bragheri, C. Liberale, V. Degiorgio, A. Dubietis, and A. Matijosius, "Far-field spectral characterization of conical emission ans filamentation in Kerr media," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 22,862 (2005). [CrossRef]
  35. D. Faccio, A. Matijosius, A. Dubietis, R. Piskarskas, A. Varanavičius, E. Gaižauskas, A. Piskarskas, A. Couairon, and P. Di Trapani, "Near- and Far-field evolution of laser pulse filaments in Kerr media," Phys. Rev. E. 72,037601 (2005). [CrossRef]
  36. A. Couairon, E. Gaižauskas, D. Faccio, A. Dubietis, and P. Di Trapani, "Nonlinear X-wave formation by femtosecond filamentation in Kerr media," Phys. Rev. E. 73,016608 (2006). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited