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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijin de Sterke
  • Vol. 15, Iss. 9 — Apr. 30, 2007
  • pp: 5604–5609

Single mode condition and modes discrimination in photonic-crystal 1.3 μm AlInGaAs/InP VCSEL

Tomasz Czyszanowski, Maciej Dems, and Krassimir Panajotov  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 15, Issue 9, pp. 5604-5609 (2007)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.15.005604


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Abstract

We determine the single mode condition and analyze the modes discrimination of 1.3 μm InP based photonic-crystal vertical-cavity surface-emitting diode laser. To this aim we apply the fully vectorial, three dimensional Plane Wave Admittance Method and analyze a broad range of photonic-crystal parameters such as hole etching depth, distance between the holes and their diameters.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.3430) Lasers and laser optics : Laser theory
(140.5960) Lasers and laser optics : Semiconductor lasers
(250.7260) Optoelectronics : Vertical cavity surface emitting lasers

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

History
Original Manuscript: March 1, 2007
Revised Manuscript: April 16, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: April 17, 2007
Published: April 24, 2007

Citation
Tomasz Czyszanowski, Maciej Dems, and Krassimir Panajotov, "Single mode condition and modes discrimination in photonic-crystal 1.3 μm AlInGaAs/InP VCSEL," Opt. Express 15, 5604-5609 (2007)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-9-5604


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References

  1. H. Li and K. Iga, Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Laser Devices, (Berlin: Springer-Verlang, 2003).
  2. A. J. Danner, T. S. Kim, and K. D. Choquette, "Single fundamental mode photonic crystal vertical cavity laser with improved output power," Electron. Lett. 41, 325 - 326 (2005). [CrossRef]
  3. P. O. Leisher, A. J. Danner, and K. D. Choquette, "Single-Mode 1.3-μm Photonic Crystal Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2156 - 2158 (2006). [CrossRef]
  4. N. Yokouchi, A. J. Danner, and K. D. Choquette "Etching depth dependence of the effective refractive index in two-dimensional photonic-crystal-patterned vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser structures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1344 - 1346 (2003). [CrossRef]
  5. S. Ivanov, H. J. Unold, R. Michalzik, J. Maehnss, K. J. Ebeling, and I. A. Sukhoivanov, "Theoretical study of cold-cavity single-mode conditions in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with incorporated two-dimensional photonic crystals," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 2442 - 2447 (2003). [CrossRef]
  6. www.oxfordplasma.de/process/inp_phcr.htm
  7. T. Czyszanowski, M. Dems, and K. Panajotov "Improvement of the beam quality in the long wavelength photonic crystal VCSEL," submitted to Opt. Express
  8. T. Czyszanowski, M. Dems, H. Thienpont, and K. Panajotov "Optimal radii of Photonic Crystal holes within DBR mirrors in long wavelength VCSEL," Opt. Express 15, 1301-1306 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. M. Dems, R. Kotynski, and K. Panajotov "Plane Wave admittance method — a novel approach for determining the electromagnetic modes in photonic structures," Opt. Express 13, 3196 - 3207 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. T. Czyszanowski, M. Dems, and K. Panajotov " Optimal parameters of Photonic-Crystal Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Diode Lasers," accepted by IEEE J. Lightwave Technol.
  11. T. Czyszanowski and W. Nakwaski "Usability limits of the scalar effective frequency method used to determine modes distributions in oxide-confined vertical-cavity surface-emitting diode lasers," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 39, 30 - 35 (2006). [CrossRef]

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