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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijin de Sterke
  • Vol. 15, Iss. 9 — Apr. 30, 2007
  • pp: 5851–5859

Optical modulator on silicon employing germanium quantum wells

Jonathan E. Roth, Onur Fidaner, Rebecca K. Schaevitz, Yu-Hsuan Kuo, Theodore I. Kamins, James S. Harris, Jr., and David A. B. Miller  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 15, Issue 9, pp. 5851-5859 (2007)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.15.005851


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Abstract

We demonstrate an electroabsorption modulator on a silicon substrate based on the quantum confined Stark effect in strained germanium quantum wells with silicon-germanium barriers. The peak contrast ratio is 7.3 dB at 1457 nm for a 10 V swing, and exceeds 3 dB from 1441 nm to 1461 nm. The novel side-entry structure employs an asymmetric Fabry-Perot resonator at oblique incidence. Unlike waveguide modulators, the design is insensitive to positional misalignment, maintaining > 3 dB contrast while translating the incident beam 87 μm and 460 μm in orthogonal directions. Since the optical ports are on the substrate edges, the wafer top and bottom are left free for electrical interconnections and thermal management.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(160.2100) Materials : Electro-optical materials
(230.2090) Optical devices : Electro-optical devices
(230.4110) Optical devices : Modulators
(230.5590) Optical devices : Quantum-well, -wire and -dot devices
(230.5750) Optical devices : Resonators
(250.3140) Optoelectronics : Integrated optoelectronic circuits

ToC Category:
Optical Devices

History
Original Manuscript: March 13, 2007
Revised Manuscript: April 20, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: April 25, 2007
Published: April 27, 2007

Citation
Jonathan E. Roth, Onur Fidaner, Rebecca K. Schaevitz, Yu-Hsuan Kuo, Theodore I. Kamins, James S. Harris, and David A. B. Miller, "Optical modulator on silicon employing germanium quantum wells," Opt. Express 15, 5851-5859 (2007)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-9-5851


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