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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 16, Iss. 1 — Jan. 7, 2008
  • pp: 328–333

High efficiency silicon nitride surface grating couplers

Guillaume Maire, Laurent Vivien, Guillaume Sattler, Andrzej Kaźmierczak, Benito Sanchez, Kristinn B. Gylfason, Amadeu Griol, Delphine Marris-Morini, Eric Cassan, Domenico Giannone, Hans Sohlström, and Daniel Hill  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 1, pp. 328-333 (2008)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.16.000328


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Abstract

High efficiency surface grating couplers for silicon nitride waveguides have been designed, fabricated, and characterized. Coupling efficiencies exceeding 60% are reported at a wavelength of 1.31 µm, as well as angular and wavelength -3 dB tolerances of 4° and 50 nm, respectively. When the wavelength is increased from 1310 nm to 1450 nm the coupling efficiency progressively decreases but remains above 20% at 1450 nm. The influence of the duty ratio of the grating has also been investigated: maximum coupling efficiency was obtained at 50% duty ratio.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.2770) Diffraction and gratings : Gratings
(130.0130) Integrated optics : Integrated optics
(230.0230) Optical devices : Optical devices
(230.1950) Optical devices : Diffraction gratings

ToC Category:
Diffraction and Gratings

History
Original Manuscript: August 1, 2007
Revised Manuscript: October 29, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: October 31, 2007
Published: January 4, 2008

Citation
Guillaume Maire, Laurent Vivien, Guillaume Sattler, Andrzej Kazmierczak, Benito Sanchez, Kristinn B. Gylfason, Amadeu Griol, Delphine Marris-Morini, Eric Cassan, Domenico Giannone, Hans Sohlström, and Daniel Hill, "High efficiency silicon nitride surface grating couplers," Opt. Express 16, 328-333 (2008)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-1-328


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References

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