OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 16, Iss. 1 — Jan. 7, 2008
  • pp: 373–383

Light trimming of a narrow bandpass filter based on a photosensitive chalcogenide spacer

W. D. Shen, M. Cathelinaud, M. Lequime, F. Charpentier, and V. Nazabal  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 1, pp. 373-383 (2008)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (593 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We present an experimental study of the photosensitive properties of a narrow bandpass filter based on a Ge15Sb20S65 spacer fabricated by electron beam deposition. For a single layer, near the optical bandgap of this chalcogenide material, the efficiency of the photo-bleaching increases as the central wavelength of the light source for exposure decreases. The maximum relative photo-induced change of the optical thickness reaches about 1%. By using controlled light exposure around 480 nm of a photosensitive narrow bandpass filter centered at 1550 nm, we obtained a spatially localized shift of its peak wavelength up to 5.4 nm. This property is used to perform, for the first time at our knowledge, the post trimming of a narrow bandpass filter with a light beam. A 5×5 mm2 ultra uniform area in which the relative spatial variation of its peak wavelength remains below 0.004% is demonstrated.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(310.6860) Thin films : Thin films, optical properties
(160.5335) Materials : Photosensitive materials
(310.6845) Thin films : Thin film devices and applications

ToC Category:
Thin Films

Original Manuscript: October 22, 2007
Revised Manuscript: November 26, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: November 26, 2007
Published: January 4, 2008

W. D. Shen, M. Cathelinaud, M. D. Lequime, F. Charpentier, and V. Nazabal, "Light trimming of a narrow bandpass filter based on a photosensitive chalcogenide spacer," Opt. Express 16, 373-383 (2008)

Sort:  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. C. C. Lee and K. Wu, "In situ sensitive optical monitoring with proper error compensation," Opt. Lett. 32, 2118-2120 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. M. Lequime and J. Lumeau, "Laser trimming of thin-film filters," Proc. SPIE 5963,60-69 (2005).
  3. V. Nazabal, M. Cathelinaud, W. D. Shen, P. Nemec, F. Charpentier, H. Lhermite, M. L. Anne, J. Capoulade, F. Grasset, A. Moreac, S. Inoue, M. Frumar, J. L. Adam, M. Lequime, and C. Amra, "Ge15Sb20S65 and Te20As30Se50 chalcogenide coatings," Appl. Opt. 47,C114-C123 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. F. Viens, C. Meneghini, A. Villeneuve, T. V. Galstian, E. J. Knystautas, M. A. Duguay, K. A. Richardson, and T. Cardinal, "Fabrication and characterization of integrated optical waveguides in sulfide chalcogenide glasses," J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 1184-1191 (1999). [CrossRef]
  5. A. M. Ljungstrom and T. M. Monro, "Light-Induced Self-Writing Effects in Bulk Chalcogenide Glass," J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 78-85 (2002). [CrossRef]
  6. D. A. Turnbull, J. S. Sanghera, V. Nguyen, and I. D. Aggarwal, "Fabrication of waveguides in sputtered films of GeAsSe glass via photodarkening with above bandgap light," Mater. Lett. 58, 51-54 (2004). [CrossRef]
  7. S. Ramachandran and S. G. Bishop, "Photoinduced integrated-optic devices in rapid thermally annealed chalcogenide glasses," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 260-270 (2005). [CrossRef]
  8. A. Saliminia, A. Villeneuve, T. V. Galstyan, S. LaRochelle, and K. Richardson, "First- and second-order Bragg gratings in single-mode planar waveguides of chalcogenide glasses," J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 837-842 (1999) [CrossRef]
  9. M. Shokooh-Saremi, V. Taeed, I. Littler, D. Moss, B. Eggleton, Y. Ruan, and B. Luther-Davies, "Ultra-strong, well-apodised Bragg gratings in Chalcogenide rib waveguides," Electron. Lett. 41, 13-14 (2005). [CrossRef]
  10. T. K. Sudoh, Y. Nakano, and K. Tada, "Wavelength trimming by external light irradiation-post-fabrication lasing wavelength adjustment for multiple-wavelength distributed-feedback laser arrays," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 577-583 (1997) [CrossRef]
  11. M. W. Lee, C. Grillet, C. L. C. Smith, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, D. F, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, A. Rode, Y. L. Ruan, and Y. H. Lee, "Photosensitive post tuning of chalcogenide photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express 15, 1277-1285 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. K. Tanaka, "Reversible photostructural change: Mechanisms, properties and applications," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 35-36, 1023-1034 (1980) [CrossRef]
  13. S. R. Elliott, Physics of Amorphous Materials (Longman Scientific & Technical, Essex, 1990).
  14. M. Frumar, J. Jedelsky, B. Frumarov, T. Wagner, and M. Hrdlicka, "Optically and thermally induced changes of structure, linear and non-linear optical properties of chalcogenides thin films," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 326-327, 399-404 (2003). [CrossRef]
  15. M. Vlcek, M. Frumar, and A. Vidourek, "Photo-induced effects in Ge-Sb-S glasses and amorphous layers," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 90, 513-516 (1987) [CrossRef]
  16. F. Lemarchand, C. Deumie, M. Zerrad, L. Abel-Tiberini, B. Bertussi, G. George, B. Lazarides, M. Cathelinaud, M. Lequime, and C. Amra, "Optical characterization of an unknown single layer: Institut Fresnel contribution to the Optical Interference Coatings 2004 Topical Meeting Measurement Problem," Appl. Opt. 45, 1312-1318 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. A. Zakery and S. R. Elliott, "Optical properties and applications of chalcogenide glasses: a review," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 330, 1-12 (2003). [CrossRef]
  18. A. A. Othman, "Influence of ultraviolet irradiation on the optical properties of amorphous Sb10Se90 thin films," Thin Solid Films 515, 1634-1639 (2006). [CrossRef]
  19. L. Abel-Tiberini, F. Lemarquis and M. Lequime, "Dedicated spectrophotometer for localized transmittance and reflectance measurements," Appl. Opt. 45, 1386-1391(2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. http://www.yokogawa.com/tm/pdf/comm/aq6315/buaq6315e.pdf
  21. K. P. Chen, P.R. Herman, and R. Taylor, "Photosensitivity and Application with 157-nm F2 Laser Radiation in Planar Lightwave Circuits," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 140-148 (2003). [CrossRef]
  22. H. A. Macleod, Thin-Film Optical Filters, 3rd Edition, (Institute of Physics Publishing, Philadelphia 2001). [CrossRef]
  23. M. Lequime, R. Parmentier, F. Lemarchand and C. Amra, "Toward tunable thin-film filters for wavelength division multiplexing applications," Appl. Opt. 41, 3277-3284 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. W. D. Shen, X. Liu, B.Q. Huang, Y. Zhu and P. F. Gu, "The effects of phase shift on the optical properties of a micro-opto-electro-mechanical system Fabry-Perot tunable filter," J. Opt. A-Pure.Appl. Op. 6, 853-858 (2004). [CrossRef]
  25. J. Lumeau and M. Lequime, "Localized measurement of the optical thickness of a transparent window: application to the study of the photosensitivity of organic polymers," Appl. Opt. 45, 6099-6105 (2006). [PubMed]
  26. G. Pfeiffer, M. A. Paesler, and S. C. Agarwal, "Reversible photodarkening of amorphous arsenic chalcogens," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 130, 111-143 (1991). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited