OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 16, Iss. 1 — Jan. 7, 2008
  • pp: 448–455

Increase of Q-factor in photonic crystal H1-defect nanocavities after closing of photonic bandgap with optimal slab thickness

A. Tandaechanurat, S. Iwamoto, M. Nomura, N. Kumagai, and Y. Arakawa  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 1, pp. 448-455 (2008)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.16.000448


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (333 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We investigate the dependence of quality factor Q of dipole modes in photonic crystal H1-defect nanocavity on the slab thickness and observe an increase of Q even after closing of the photonic bandgap both in numerical simulation and experimentation. This counter intuitive behavior results from the weak coupling between the cavity mode and the 2nd-guided mode in the photonic crystal slab. This is confirmed by computing the overlap between them in the momentum space.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(230.5750) Optical devices : Resonators
(230.5298) Optical devices : Photonic crystals

ToC Category:
Photonic Crystals

History
Original Manuscript: July 25, 2007
Revised Manuscript: September 19, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: September 20, 2007
Published: January 4, 2008

Citation
A. Tandaechanurat, S. Iwamoto, M. Nomura, N. Kumagai, and Y. Arakawa, "Increase of Q-factor in photonic crystal H1-defect nanocavities after closing of photonic bandgap with optimal slab thickness," Opt. Express 16, 448-455 (2008)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-1-448


Sort:  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. E. M. Purcell, "Spontaneous emission probabilities at radio frequencies," Phys. Rev. 69, 681 (1946).
  2. E. Yablonovitch, "Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059-2062 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O’Brien, P. D. Dapkus and I. Kim, "Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser," Science 284, 1819-1821 (1999). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. H. Y. Ryu, H. G. Park and Y. H. Lee, "Two-dimensional photonic crystal semiconductor lasers: computational design, fabrication, and characterization," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 891-908 (2002). [CrossRef]
  5. J. Vučković, M. Lončar, H. Mabuchi and A. Scherer, "Optimization of the Q factor in photonic crystal microcavities," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 850-856 (2002). [CrossRef]
  6. D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto and J. Vučković, "Controlling the spontaneous emission rate of single quantum dots in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013904 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. D. Englund and J. Vučković, "A direct analysis of photonic nanostructures," Opt. Express 14, 3472-3483 (2006), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-8-3472 [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song and S. Noda, "High-Q photonic nanocavity in two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nature 425, 944-947 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song and S. Noda, "Fine-tuned high-Q photonic-crystal nanocavity," Opt. Express 13, 1202-1214 (2005), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-4-1202 [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. J. Vučković and Y. Yamamoto, "Photonic crystal microcavities for cavity quantum electrodynamics with a single quantum dot," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2374-2376 (2003). [CrossRef]
  11. H. G. Park, J. K. Hwang, J. Huh, H. Y. Ryu, S. H. Kim, J. S. Kim and Y.H. Lee, "Characteristics of modified single-defect two-dimensional photonic crystal lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1353-1365 (2002). [CrossRef]
  12. B. S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano and Y. Akahane, "Ultra-high-Q photonic double-heterostructure nanocavity," Nature Mat. 4, 207-210 (2005). [CrossRef]
  13. E. Kuramochi, M. Notomi, S. Mitsugi, A. Shinya and T. Tanabe, "Ultrahigh-Q photonic crystal nanocavities realized by the local width modulation of a line defect," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 041112 (2006). [CrossRef]
  14. T. Asano, B. S. Song and S. Noda, "Analysis of the experimental Q factors (~ 1 million) of photonic crystal nanocavities," Opt. Express 14, 1996-2002 (2006), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-5-1996 [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. T. Tanabe, M. Notomi and E. Kuramochi, "Measurement of ultra-high-Q photonic crystal nanocavity using single-sideband frequency modulator," Electron. Lett. 43, 187-188 (2007). [CrossRef]
  16. S. G. Johnson, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Guided modes in photonic crystal slabs," Phys. Rev. B 60, 5751-5758 (1999). [CrossRef]
  17. T. M. Stace, G. J. Milburn and C. H. W. Barnes, "Entangled two-photon source using biexciton emission of an asymmetric quantum dot in a cavity," Phys. Rev. B 67, 085317 (2003). [CrossRef]
  18. F. Troiani, J. I. Perea and C. Tejedor, "Cavity-assisted generation of entangled photon pairs by a quantum-dot cascade decay," Phys. Rev. B 74, 235310 (2006). [CrossRef]
  19. K. S. Yee, "Numerical solution of initial boundary value problems involving Maxwell’s equations in isotropic media," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat. AP-14, 302-307 (1966).
  20. J. P. Berenger, "A perfectly matched layer for the absorption of electromagnetic waves," J. Comput. Phys. 114, 185-200 (1994). [CrossRef]
  21. O. Painter, J. Vučković and A. Sherer, "Defect modes of a two-dimensional photonic crystal in an optically thin dielectric slab," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 275-285 (1999). [CrossRef]
  22. J. S. Foresi, P.R. Villeneuve, J. Ferrera, E.R. Thoen, G. Steinmeyer, S. Fan, J. D. Joannopoulos, L. C. Kimerling, H. I. Smith and E. P. Ippen, "Photonic-bandgap microcavities in optical waveguides," Nature 390, 143-145 (1997). [CrossRef]
  23. H. Y. Ryu, J. K. Hwang and Y. H. Lee, "The smallest possible whispering-gallery-like mode in the square lattice photonic crystal slab single-defect cavity," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 314-322 (2003). [CrossRef]
  24. K. Srinivasan and O. Painter, "Momentum space design of high-Q photonic crystal optical cavities," Opt. Express 10, 670-684 (2002), http://www.opticsexpress.org/ abstract.cfm?URI=oe-10-15-670 [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited