OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 16, Iss. 10 — May. 12, 2008
  • pp: 7435–7446

Full characterization of anisotropic diffuse light.

P. M. Johnson, Sanli Faez, and Ad Lagendijk  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 10, pp. 7435-7446 (2008)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.16.007435


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (338 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We demonstrate a method for fully characterizing diffuse transport of light in a statistically anisotropic opaque material. Our technique provides a simple means of determining all parameters governing anisotropic diffusion. Anisotropy in the diffusion constant, the mean free path, and the extrapolation length are, for the first time, determined independently. These results show that the anisotropic diffusion model is effective for modeling transport in anisotropic samples, providing that the light is allowed to travel several times the transport mean free path from the source.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(030.5620) Coherence and statistical optics : Radiative transfer

ToC Category:
Coherence and Statistical Optics

History
Original Manuscript: March 31, 2008
Revised Manuscript: May 3, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: May 6, 2008
Published: May 7, 2008

Citation
P. M. Johnson, Sanli Faez, and Ad Lagendijk, "Full characterization of anisotropic diffuse light," Opt. Express 16, 7435-7446 (2008)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-10-7435


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. M. H. Kao, K. A. Jester, A. G. Yodh, and P. J. Collings, "Observation of light diffusion and correlation transport in nematic liquid crystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 2233-2236 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. D. S. Wiersma, A. Muzzi, M. Colocci, and R. Righini, "Time-resolved anisotropic multiple light scattering in nematic liquid crystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4321-4324 (1999). [CrossRef]
  3. A. Sviridov, V. Chernomordik, M. Hassan, A. Russo, A. Eidsath, P. Smith, and A. H. Gandjbakhche, "Intensity profiles of linearly polarized light backscattered from skin and tissue-like phantoms," J. Biomed. Opt. 10, 014012 (9 pages) (2005). [CrossRef]
  4. T. Binzoni, C. Courvoisier, R. Giust, G. Tribillon, T. Gharbi, J. C. Hebden, T. S. Leung, J. Roux, and D. T. Delpy "Anisotropic photon migration in human skeletal muscle," Phys. Med. Biol. 51, N79-N90 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. A. Kienle and R. Hibst, "Light guiding in biological tissue due to scattering," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 018104 (4 pages) (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. S. Nickell, M. Hermann, M. Essenpreis, T. J. Farrell, U. Krämer, and M. S. Patterson, "Anisotropy of light propagation in human skin," Phys. Med. Biol. 45, 2873-2886 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. A. Kienle, F. K. Forster, and R. Hibst, "Anisotropy of light propagation in biological tissue," Opt. Lett. 29, 2617-2619 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. C. Baravian, F. Caton, J. Dillet, G. Toussaint, and P. Flaud, "Incoherent light transport in an anisotropic random medium: A probe of human erythrocyte aggregation and deformation," Phys. Rev. E 76, 011409 (7 pages) (2007). [CrossRef]
  9. P. M. Johnson, B. P. J. Bret, J. G. Rivas, J. J. Kelly, and A. Lagendijk, "Anisotropic Diffusion of Light in a Strongly Scattering Material," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 243901 (4 pages) (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. B. P. J. Bret and A. Lagendijk, "Anisotropic enhanced backscattering induced by anisotropic diffusion," Phys. Rev. E 70,036601 (5 pages) (2004). [CrossRef]
  11. B. van Tiggelen and H. Stark, "Nematic liquid crystals as a new challenge for radiative transfer," Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 1017-1039 (2000). [CrossRef]
  12. B. Kaas, B. van Tiggelen, and A. Lagendijk, "Anisotropy and interference in wave transport: An analytic theory," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 243901 (4 pages) (2008). (This reference describes angle dependent mean free path and velocity vectors which are the product of the unit vector in the direction of the wave vector and the mean free path and velocity tensors respectively.) [CrossRef]
  13. B. A. van Tiggelen, R. Maynard, and A. Heiderich, "Anisotropic light diffusion in oriented nematic liquid crystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 639-642 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. H. Stark and T. C. Lubensky, "Multiple light scattering in nematic liquid crystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 2229-2232 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. L. Margerin, "Attenuation, transport and diffusion of scalar waves in textured random media," Tectonophysics 416, 229-244 (2006). [CrossRef]
  16. A. Z. Genack, "Optical transmission in disordered media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2043-2046 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. A. Lagendijk, R. Vreeker, and P. de Vries, "Influence of internal reflection on diffusive transport in strongly scattering media," Phys. Lett. A 136, 81-88 (1989). [CrossRef]
  18. J. X. Zhu, D. J. Pine, and D. A. Weitz, "Internal reflection of diffusive light in random media," Phys. Rev. A 44, 3948-3959 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. L. Dagdug, G. H. Weiss, and A. H. Gandjbakhche, "Effects ofanisotropic optical properties on photon migration in structured tissues," Phys. Med. Biol. 48, 1361-1370 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. J. Heino, S. Arridge, J. Sikora, and E. Somersalo, "Anisotropic effects in highly scattering media," Phys. Rev. E 68, 031908 (8 pages) (2003). [CrossRef]
  21. A. Kienle, "Anisotropic light diffusion: An oxymoron?" Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 218104 (4 pages) (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. J. Taniguchi, H. Murata, and Y. Okamura, "Light diffusion model for determination of optical properties of rectangular parallelepiped highly scattering media," Appl. Opt. 46, 2649-2655 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. The effect of absorption has been treated for the isotropic case in reference [24]. For the samples studied here, the expressions given sufficiently described the data without the inclusion of absorption.
  24. A. Kienle, "Light diffusion through a turbid parallelepiped," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 22, 1883-1888 (2005). [CrossRef]
  25. E. Akkermans, P. E. Wolf, and R. Maynard, "Coherent Backscattering of light by disordered media: Analysis of the peak line shape," Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 1471-1474 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. M. U. Vera and D. J. Durian, "Angular distribution of diffusely transmitted light," Phys. Rev. E 53, 3215-3224 (1996). [CrossRef]
  27. J. C. Hebden, J. J. G. Guerrero, V. Chernomordik, and A. H. Gandjbakhche, "Experimental evaluation of an anisotropic scattering model of a slab geometry," Opt. Lett. 29, 2518-2520 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. F. J. P. Schuurmans, D. Vanmaekelbergh, J. v. d. Lagemaat, and A. Lagendijk, "Strongly photonic macroporous gallium phosphide networks," Science 284, 141-143 (1999). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited