OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 16, Iss. 11 — May. 26, 2008
  • pp: 8242–8249

Absolute frequency measurement of molecular transitions by a direct link to a comb generated around 3-µm

P. Malara, P. Maddaloni, G. Gagliardi, and P. De Natale  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 11, pp. 8242-8249 (2008)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.16.008242


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (774 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

A 3-µm continuous-wave difference-frequency source is directly referenced to a mid-infrared optical frequency comb synthesizer by measuring their beat-note signal by a fast HgCdTe detector. Absolute frequency metrology of molecular vibration spectra is demonstrated by locking the 3-µm coherent radiation to the nearest comb tooth and tuning the comb mode spacing across the Doppler-broadened absorption profile of a CH4 ro-vibrational transition.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.0120) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology
(190.0190) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics
(300.6390) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, molecular

ToC Category:
Instrumentation, Measurement, and Metrology

History
Original Manuscript: December 13, 2007
Revised Manuscript: February 15, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: March 5, 2008
Published: May 22, 2008

Citation
P. Malara, P. Maddaloni, G. Gagliardi, and P. De Natale, "Absolute frequency measurement of molecular transitions by a direct link to a comb generated around 3-µm," Opt. Express 16, 8242-8249 (2008)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-11-8242


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. F. L. Hong, S. Diddams, R. Guo, Z. Y. Bi, A. Onae, H. Inaba, J. Ishikawa, K. Okumura, D. Katsuragi, J. Hirata, T. Shimizu, T. Kurosu, Y. Koga, and H. Matsumoto, "Frequency measurements and hyperfine structure of the R(85)33-0 transition of molecular iodine with a femtosecond optical comb," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 88-95 (2004). [CrossRef]
  2. P. De Natale, P. Cancio, and D. Mazzotti, "Infrared precision spectroscopy using femtosecond-laser-based optical frequency-comb synthesizers," in Femtosecond laser spectroscopy, P. Hannaford ed., (Springer, 2005), pp. 109-132.
  3. M. J. Thorpe, D. D. Hudson, K. D. Moll, J. Lasri, and J. Ye, "Cavity-ringdown molecular spectroscopy based on an optical frequency comb at 1.45-1.65 μm," Opt. Lett. 32, 307-309 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. Jiang, J. E. Bernard, A. A. Madej, A. Czajkowski, S. Drissler, and D. J. Jones, "Measurement of acetylene-d absorption lines with a self-referenced fiber laser frequency comb," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2727-2735 (2007). [CrossRef]
  5. P. De Natale, S. Borri, P. Cancio, G. Giusfredi, D. Mazzotti, C. De Mauro, and M. Inguscio, "Extending the optical comb synthesizer to the infrared: from He at 1.083 μm to CO2 at 4.2 μm," in Laser Spectroscopy: Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Laser Spectroscopy, P. Hannaford, A. Sidorov, H. Bachor, and K. Baldwin eds., (World Scientific Publishing, Singapore, 2004), pp. 63-67.
  6. A. Amy-Klein, H. Vigué, C. Chardonnet, "Absolute frequency measurement of 12C16O2 laser lines with a femtosecond laser comb and new determination of the 12C16O2 molecular constants and frequency grid," J. Mol. Spectrosc. 228, 206-212 (2004).
  7. S. Bartalini, P. Cancio, G. Giusfredi, D. Mazzotti, P. De Natale, S. Borri, I. Galli, T. Leveque, and L. Gianfrani, "Frequency-comb-referenced quantum-cascade laser at 4.4 μm," Opt. Lett. 32, 988-990 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. J. H. Sun, B. J. S. Gale and D. T. Reid, "Composite frequency comb spanning 0.4-2.4 μm from a phase-controlled femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser and synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 32, 1414-1416 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. S. M. Foreman, A. Marian, J. Ye, E. A. Petrukhin, M. A. Gubin, O. D. Mücke, F. N. C. Wong, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, "Demonstration of a HeNe/CH4-based optical molecular clock," Opt. Lett. 30, 570-572 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. P. Maddaloni, P. Malara, G. Gagliardi, and P. De Natale, "Mid-infrared fibre-based optical comb," New. J. Phys. 8, 262-269 (2006). [CrossRef]
  11. J. Devenson, D. Barate, O. Cathabard, R. Teissier, and A. N. Baranov,"Very short wavelength (λ=3.1-3.3 μm) quantum cascade lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 191115 (2006). [CrossRef]
  12. J. Devenson, R. Teissier, O. Cathabard, and A. N. Baranov, "InAs/AlSb quantum cascade lasers emitting below 3.5 μm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 111118 (2007). [CrossRef]
  13. M. Prevedelli, T. Freegarde, and T. W. Hänsch, "Phase locking of. grating-tuned diode lasers," Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. B61, S241-248 (1995)
  14. H. Verbraak, A. K. Y. Ngai, S. T. Persijn, F. J. M. Harren, and H. Linnartz "Mid-infrared continuous wave cavity ring down spectroscopy of molecular ions using an optical parametric oscillator," Chem. Phys. Lett. 442, 145-149 (2007) [CrossRef]
  15. HITRAN database, http://cfa-www.harvard.edu/HITRAN.
  16. A. Mohan, A. Wittmann, A. Hugi, S. Blaser, M. Giovannini, and J. Faist, "Room-temperature continuous-wave operation of an external-cavity quantum cascade laser," Opt. Lett. 32, 2792-2794 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. C. Xia, M. Kumar, O.P. Kulkarni, M. N. Islam, F. L. Terry, M. J. Freeman, M. Poulain, G. Mazé, "Mid-infrared supercontinuum generation to 4.5 μm in ZBLAN fluoride fibers by nanosecond diode pumping,"Opt. Lett. 31, 2553-2555 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. C. L. Hagen, J. W. Walewski, and S. T. Sanders, "Generation of a continuum extending to the midinfrared by pumping ZBLAN fiber with an ultrafast 1550-nm source," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 91-93 (2006). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited