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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 16, Iss. 12 — Jun. 9, 2008
  • pp: 9155–9164

Surface-emitting circular DFB, disk-, and ring-Bragg resonator lasers with chirped gratings: a unified theory and comparative study

Xiankai Sun and Amnon Yariv  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 12, pp. 9155-9164 (2008)

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We have developed a theory that unifies the analysis of the modal properties of surface-emitting chirped circular grating lasers. This theory is based on solving the resonance conditions which involve two types of reflectivities of chirped circular gratings. This approach is shown to be in agreement with previous derivations which use the characteristic equations. Utilizing this unified analysis, we obtain the modal properties of circular DFB, disk-, and ring- Bragg resonator lasers. We also compare the threshold gain, single mode range, quality factor, emission efficiency, and modal area of these types of circular grating lasers. It is demonstrated that, under similar conditions, disk Bragg resonator lasers have the highest quality factor, the highest emission efficiency, and the smallest modal area, indicating their suitability in low-threshold, high-efficiency, ultracompact laser design, while ring Bragg resonator lasers have a large single mode range, high emission efficiency, and large modal area, indicating their suitability for high-efficiency, large-area, high-power applications.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.2770) Diffraction and gratings : Gratings
(130.0130) Integrated optics : Integrated optics
(130.2790) Integrated optics : Guided waves
(140.5960) Lasers and laser optics : Semiconductor lasers
(230.1480) Optical devices : Bragg reflectors
(250.7270) Optoelectronics : Vertical emitting lasers

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: March 10, 2008
Revised Manuscript: June 3, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: June 3, 2008
Published: June 5, 2008

Xiankai Sun and Amnon Yariv, "Surface-emitting circular DFB, disk- and ring- Bragg resonator lasers with chirped gratings: a unified theory and comparative study," Opt. Express 16, 9155-9164 (2008)

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