OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 16, Iss. 14 — Jul. 7, 2008
  • pp: 10565–10571

A photo-stable chalcogenide glass

Guang Yang, Himanshu Jain, Ashtosh Ganjoo, Donghui Zhao, Yinsheng Xu, Huidan Zeng, and Guorong Chen  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 14, pp. 10565-10571 (2008)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1189 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Photo-darkening and photo-bleaching are well known phenomena in As-Se and Ge-Se chalcogenide glasses, respectively. Consequently, a systematic dependence of photo-induced optical changes in Ge x As 45-x Se 55 glass series on x is expected between these two extremes. This prediction of photosensitivity on Ge/As ratio has been exploited to demonstrate the first intrinsically photo-stable chalcogenide glass at x~10, which would be suitable for fabricating photo-insensitive optical components for various applications.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(160.2750) Materials : Glass and other amorphous materials
(310.6860) Thin films : Thin films, optical properties
(160.5335) Materials : Photosensitive materials

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: April 2, 2008
Revised Manuscript: June 25, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: June 26, 2008
Published: July 1, 2008

Guang Yang, Himanshu Jain, Ashtosh Ganjoo, Donghui Zhao, Yinsheng Xu, Huidan Zeng, and Guorong Chen, "A photo-stable chalcogenide glass," Opt. Express 16, 10565-10571 (2008)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. K. Shimakawa, A. Kolobov, and S. R. Elliott, "Photoinduced effects and metastability in amorphous semiconductors and insulators," Adv. Phys. 44, 475-588 (1995). [CrossRef]
  2. K. Tanaka, "Photoinduced structural change in chalcogenide glass," Rev. Solid. State Sci. 4, 641 (1990).
  3. C. Meneghini and A. Villeneuve, "As2S3 photosensitivity by two-photon absorption: holographic gratings and self-written channel waveguides," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 2946-2950 (1998). [CrossRef]
  4. J. Z. Liu and P. C. Taylor, "Absence of photodarkening in bulk, glassy As2S3 and As2Se3 alloyed with copper," Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 1938-1941 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. P. Boolchand, D. G. Georgiev, and M. S. Iovu, "Molecular structure and quenching of photodarkening in As2Se3: Snx amorphous," Chalcogenide Let. 2, 27-34 (2005).
  6. A. Zakery and M. Hatami, "Nonlinear optical properties of pulsed-laser-deposited GeAsSe films and simulation of a nonlinear directional coupler switch," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 591-597 (2005). [CrossRef]
  7. R. L. Myuller, G. M. Orlova, V. N. Timofeeva, and G. I. Ternova, Solid State Chemistry, Ed. Z. U. Borisva, (Consultants Bureau, New York 1966), p. 232.
  8. A. Kovalskiy, A. C. Miller, H. Jain, and M. Mitkova, "In-situ measurements of x-ray induced silver diffusion into Ge30Se70 thin film," J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 91, 760-765 (2008). [CrossRef]
  9. K. Antoine, H. Jain, and M. Vlcek, "Optical spectroscopy of a-As2Se3 under in situ laser irradiation," J. Non-Cryst. Solids. 352, 595-600 (2006). [CrossRef]
  10. C. R. Schardt, P. Lucas, A. Doraiswamy, P. Jivaganont, and J. H. Simmons, "Raman temperature measurement during photostructural changes in GexSe1�??x glass," J. Non-Cryst. Solids. 351, 1653-1657 (2005). [CrossRef]
  11. M. Frumar, Z. Polak, Z. Cemosek, B. Frumarova, and T. Wanger, "Photoinduced effects in amorphous chalcogenides," Chem. Pap. 57, 310-327 (1997).
  12. S.A. Solin and G.V. Papatheodorou, "Irreversible thermostructural transformations in amorphous As2S3 films: A light-scattering study," Phys. Rev. B 15, 2084-2090 (1977). [CrossRef]
  13. G. Chen, H. Jain, M. Vlcek, S. Khalid, J. Li, D. A. Drabold, and S.R. Elliott, "Observation of light polarization-dependent structural changes in chalcogenide glasses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 706-708 (2003). [CrossRef]
  14. G. Chen, H. Jain, M. Vlcek, and A. Ganjoo, "Photoinduced volume change in arsenic chalcogenides by band-gap light," Phys. Rev. B 74, (2006) 174203. [CrossRef]
  15. M. Frumar, B. Frumar, T. Wagner, and P. N�?mec, "Photo-Induced Phenomena in Amorphous and Glassy chalcogenides," in Photo-Induced Metastability in Amorphous Semiconductors, A. V. Kolobov, eds, (Wiley-VCH, 2003), pp. 27-28.
  16. R. Ston, M. Vlcek, and H. Jain, "Structure and photoinduced changes in bulk and films of As-Ge-S system," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 326&327, 220-225 (2003). [CrossRef]
  17. A. Ganjoo, G. Chen, and H. Jain, "Photoinduced changes in the local structure of a-GeSe2 by in-situ EXAFS," Phys. Chem. Glasses: Eur. J. Glass Sci. Technol. B 47, 177-181 (2006).
  18. A. Ganjoo, K. Shimakawa, H. Kamiya, E. A. Davis, and J. Singh, "Percolative growth of photodarkening in amorphous As2S3 films," Phys. Rev. B 62, R14601-604 (2000). [CrossRef]
  19. A. Ganjoo and H. Jain, "Millisecond kinetics of photoinduced changes in the optical parameters of a-As2S3 films," Phys. Rev. B 74, 024201 (2006). [CrossRef]
  20. H. Hisakuni and Tanaka, "Giant photoexpansion in As2S3 glass," Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 2925-2927 (1994). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3.
Fig. 4.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited