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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 16, Iss. 14 — Jul. 7, 2008
  • pp: 10823–10834

Numerical study of surface plasmon enhanced nonlinear absorption and refraction

Dana C. Kohlgraf-Owens and Pieter G. Kik  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 14, pp. 10823-10834 (2008)

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Maxwell Garnett effective medium theory is used to study the influence of silver nanoparticle induced field enhancement on the nonlinear response of a Kerr-type nonlinear host. We show that the composite nonlinear absorption coefficient, βc , can be enhanced relative to the host nonlinear absorption coefficient near the surface plasmon resonance of silver nanoparticles. This enhancement is not due to a resonant enhancement of the host nonlinear absorption, but rather due to a phase-shifted enhancement of the host nonlinear refractive response. The enhancement occurs at the expense of introducing linear absorption, αc , which leads to an overall reduced figure of merit βc /αc for nonlinear absorption. For thin (<1 µm) composites, the use of surface plasmons is found to result in an increased nonlinear absorption response compared to that of the host material.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(160.4330) Materials : Nonlinear optical materials
(160.1245) Materials : Artificially engineered materials
(260.2065) Physical optics : Effective medium theory
(160.4236) Materials : Nanomaterials

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: May 12, 2008
Revised Manuscript: June 24, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: June 28, 2008
Published: July 3, 2008

Dana C. Kohlgraf-Owens and Pieter G. Kik, "Numerical study of surface plasmon enhanced nonlinear absorption and refraction," Opt. Express 16, 10823-10834 (2008)

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