OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 16, Iss. 15 — Jul. 21, 2008
  • pp: 11077–11082

Slow light in a dielectric waveguide with negative-refractive-index photonic crystal cladding

Jinlong He, Yi Jin, Zhi Hong, and Sailing He  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 15, pp. 11077-11082 (2008)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1116 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



A slow light waveguide made of a dielectric slab inserted in a two-dimensional photonic crystal with a negative effective refractive index is proposed and numerically studied. The waveguide may possess modes with zero group velocity, and its frequency varies with the thickness of the waveguide. A linearly tapered left-handed photonic crystal waveguide is also proposed and studied. It is shown that the so-called ‘trapped rainbow’ proposed by Tsakmakidis, Boardman, and Hess [1] is difficult to realize due to a coupling of forward- and backward-propagating modes near zero group velocity. However, different frequency components of a broadband excitation can still be separated through partial accumulation at waveguide sections of different thicknesses.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(130.2790) Integrated optics : Guided waves
(230.7400) Optical devices : Waveguides, slab
(260.2110) Physical optics : Electromagnetic optics

ToC Category:
Slow Light

Original Manuscript: May 27, 2008
Revised Manuscript: July 3, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: July 4, 2008
Published: July 9, 2008

Jinlong He, Yi Jin, Zhi Hong, and Sailing He, "Slow light in a dielectric waveguide with negative-refractive-index photonic crystal cladding," Opt. Express 16, 11077-11082 (2008)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. K. L. Tsakmakidis, A. D. Boardman, and O. Hess, "??Trapped rainbow?? storage of light in metamaterials," Nature 50, 397-401 (2007). [CrossRef]
  2. M. D. Lukin, and A. Imamoglu, "Controlling photons using electromagnetically induced transparency," Nature 413, 273-276 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. A. Melloni, F. Morichetti, and M. Martinelli, "Optical slow wave structures," Opt. Photon. News 14, 44-48 (2003). [CrossRef]
  4. H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, "Real-space observation of ultraslow light in Photonic Crystal Waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073903 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. D. Mori and T. Baba, "Dispersion-controlled optical group delay device by chirped photonic crystal waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1101 (2004). [CrossRef]
  6. Y. A. Vlasov, M. O'Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, "Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides," Nature 438, 65-69 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. I. V. Shadrivov, A. A. Sukhorukov, and Y. S. Kivshar, "Guided modes in negative-refractive-index waveguides," Phys. Rev. E 67, 057602 (2003).
  8. J. He and S. He, "Slow propagation of electromagnetic waves in a dielectric slab waveguide with a left-handed material substrate," IEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett. 16, 96-98 (2005). [CrossRef]
  9. K. L. Tsakmakidis, A. Klaedtke, D. P. Aryal, C. Jamois, and O. Hess, "Single-mode operation in the slow-light regime using oscillatory waves in generalized left-handed heterostructures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 201103 (2006). [CrossRef]
  10. N. Garcia and M. Nieto-Vesperinas, "Left-Handed Materials Do Not Make a Perfect Lens," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 207403 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. V. M. Shalaev, "Optical negative-index metamaterials," Nat. Photon. 1, 41-48 (2007). [CrossRef]
  12. S. Hughes, L. Ramunno, J. F. Yong, and J. E. Sipe, "Extrinsic optical scattering loss in photonic crystal waveguides: role of fabrication disorder and photon group velocity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033903 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. M. Notomi, "Theory of light propagation in strongly modulated photonic crystals: Refraction-like behavior in the vicinity of the photonic band gap," Phys. Rev. B 62, 10696-10705 (2000). [CrossRef]
  14. J. He, J. Yi, and S. He, "Giant negative Goos-Hänchen shifts for a photonic crystal with a negative effective index," Opt. Express 14, 3024-3029 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. E. Istrate and E. H. Sargent, "Photonic Crystal Waveguide Analysis Using Interface Boundary Conditions," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 461-467 (2005). [CrossRef]
  16. K. Ohtaka, T. Ueta, and K. Amemiya, "Calculation of photonic bands using vector cylindrical waves and reflectivity of light for an array of dielectric rods," Phys. Rev. B 57, 2550-2568 (1998). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited