OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Vol. 16, Iss. 16 — Aug. 4, 2008
  • pp: 12163–12170

Double resonance optical pumping effects in electromagnetically induced transparency

H. S. Moon, L. Lee, and J. B. Kim  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 16, pp. 12163-12170 (2008)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (294 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We present the double resonance optical pumping (DROP) effect of ladder-type electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) in the 5S1/2- 5P3/2-5D5/2 transition of 87Rb atoms. When many atoms of the ladder-type atomic system are simultaneously resonant with the two laser fields, the population of one ground state can be optically pumped into another ground state through intermediate states and excited states. In this paper, we reveal that most previous results for the ladder-type EIT include the DROP effect. When the probe laser is very weak and the coupling laser is strong, we can observe the double structure transmittance spectrum, a narrow spectrum due to the EIT and a broad spectrum due to the DROP, in the 5S1/2(F=2)- 5P3/2(F’=3)-5D5/2(F”=4) cycling transition.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(020.1670) Atomic and molecular physics : Coherent optical effects
(020.3690) Atomic and molecular physics : Line shapes and shifts
(020.4180) Atomic and molecular physics : Multiphoton processes
(300.6210) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, atomic

ToC Category:
Atomic and Molecular Physics

Original Manuscript: July 3, 2008
Revised Manuscript: July 23, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: July 23, 2008
Published: July 29, 2008

Han Seb Moon, Lim Lee, and Jung Bog Kim, "Double resonance optical pumping effects in electromagnetically induced transparency," Opt. Express 16, 12163-12170 (2008)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. K. J. Boller, A. Imamoglu, and S. E. Harris, "Observation of electromagnetically induced transparency," Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2593-2596 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. A. Kasapi, M. Jain, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Electromagnetically Induced Transparency: Propagation Dynamics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2447-2450 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. H. Schmidt and A. Imamoglu, "Giant Kerr nonlinearities obtained by electromagnetically induced transparency," Opt. Lett. 21, 1936-1938 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. S. E. Harris, "Electromagnetically induced transparency," Phys. Today 50, 36-42 (1997). [CrossRef]
  5. M. Xiao, Y. Li, S. Jin, and J. Gea-Banacloche, "Measurement of dispersive properties of electromagnetically induced transparency in rubidium atoms," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 666-669 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. H. Behroozi and L. V. Hau, "Observation of coherent optical information storage in an atomic medium using halted light pulses," Nature 409, 490-493 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. M. Bajcsy, A. S. Zibrov and M. D. Lukin, "Stationary pulses of light in an atomic medium," Nature 426, 638-641 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. M. D. Lukin, "Colloquium: Trapping and manipulating photon states in atomic ensembles," Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 457-472 (2003). [CrossRef]
  9. A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan and H. J. Kimble, "Generation of nonclassical photon pairs for scalable quantum communication with atomic ensembles," Nature 423, 731-734 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. C. Ottaviani, D. Vitali, M. Artoni, F. Cataliotti, and P. Tombezisi, "Polarization Qubit Phase Gate in Driven Atomic Media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 197902 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, V. V. Yashchuk, and M. Zolotorev, "Sensitive magnetometry based on nonlinear magneto-optical rotation," Phys. Rev. A 62, 043403 (2000). [CrossRef]
  12. T. W. Kornack, J. C. Allred, and M. V. Romalis, "A subfemtotesla multichannel atomic magnetometer," Nature 422, 596-599 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. D. J. Fulton, S. Shepherd, R. R. Moseley, B. D. Sinclair, and M. H. Dunn, "Continuous-wave electromagnetically induced transparency: A comparison of V, Lambda, and cascade systems," Phys. Rev. A 52, 2302-2311 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. C. Y. Ye and A. S. Zibrov, "Width of the electromagnetically induced transparency resonance in atomic vapor," Phys. Rev. A 65, 023806 (2002). [CrossRef]
  15. R. R. Moseley, S. Shepherd, D. J. Fulton, B. D. Sinclair, and M. H. Dunn, "Two-photon effects in continuous-wave electromagnetically-induced transparency," Opt. Commun. 119, 61-68 (1995) [CrossRef]
  16. D. McGloin, M. H. Dunn, and D. J. Fulton, "Polarization effects in electromagnetically induced transparency," Phys. Rev. A 62, 053802 (2000). [CrossRef]
  17. S. D. Badger, I. G. Hughes, and C. S. Adams, "Hyperfine effects in electromagnetically induced transparency," J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 34, L749-L756 (2001). [CrossRef]
  18. H. S. Moon, L. Lee, and J. B. Kim, "Coupling Intensity Effects in Ladder-type Electromagnetically Induced Transparency of Rb Atom," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2529-2533 (2005). [CrossRef]
  19. H. S. Moon, W. K. Lee, L. Lee, and J. B. Kim, "Double resonance optical pumping spectrum and its application for frequency stabilization of a laser diode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3965-3967 (2004). [CrossRef]
  20. H. S. Moon, L. Lee, and J. B. Kim, "Double resonance optical pumping of Rb atoms," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2157-2164 (2007). [CrossRef]
  21. W. K. Lee, H. S. Moon, and H. S. Suh, "Measurement of the absolute energy level and hyperfine structure of the 87Rb 4D5/2 state," Opt. Lett. 32, 2810-2812 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited