OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 16, Iss. 17 — Aug. 18, 2008
  • pp: 12670–12676

Light-controllable photoresponsive liquid-crystal photonic crystal fiber

Vincent K.S. Hsiao and Chang-Yu Ko  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 17, pp. 12670-12676 (2008)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (153 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We have developed all-optical modulation of photonic crystal fiber (PCF) by infiltrating photoresponsive liquid crystal (LC) into the voids within the cladding structure. The photo-induced phase transformation of the photoresponsive LC modulates the effective refractive index of the photoresponsive LC-filled cladding, thereby creating an environment of modifiable total internal reflection that tunes the output intensity of guided light upon the stimulus of optical field. The modulation range for the 632 nm wavelength is 10 dB and the response time for switching is less than 1 second by manually obstructing the pumping light path. In addition to altering the power of the pumping laser to actively tune the output intensity, the polarization direction of the pumping laser can also tune the output intensity by 5 dB.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2310) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics
(230.1150) Optical devices : All-optical devices

ToC Category:
Photonic Crystal Fibers

Original Manuscript: July 10, 2008
Revised Manuscript: July 31, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: August 1, 2008
Published: August 6, 2008

Vincent K. Hsiao and Chang-Yu Ko, "Light-controllable photoresponsive liquid-crystal photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Express 16, 12670-12676 (2008)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, "Photonic bandgap guidance in optical fibers," Science 283, 1476-1478 (1998). [CrossRef]
  2. P. Russell, "Photonic crystal fibers," Science 299, 358-362 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. B. J. Eggleton, C. Kerbage, P. S. Westbrook, R. Windeler, and A. Hale, "Microstructured optical fiber devices," Opt. Express 9, 698-713 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. D. Joannopoulos, R. D. Meade, and J. N. Winn, Photonic Crystals: Molding the Flow of Light, (Princeton Univ. Press, 1995).
  5. N. M. Litchinitser, A. K. Abeeluck, C. Headley, and B. J. Eggleton, "Antiresonant reflecting photonic crystal optical waveguides," Opt. Lett. 27, 1592-1594 (2002). [CrossRef]
  6. S. J. Myers, D. P. Fussell, J. M. Dawes, E. Mägi, R. C. McPhedran, B. J. Eggleton, and C. M. de Sterke, "Manipulation of spontaneous emission in a tapered photonic crystal fibre," Opt. Express 14, 12439-12444 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. H. Nguyen, P. Domachuk, B. Eggleton, M. Steel, M. Straub, M. Gu, and M. Sumetsky, "A new slant on photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Express 12, 1528-1539 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. J. Laegsgaard, O. Bang, and A. Bjarklev, "Photonic crystal fiber design for broadband directional coupling," Opt. Lett. 29, 2473-2475 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. M. A. Mortensen, M. D. Nielsen, J. F. Folkenberg, C. Jakobsen, and H. R. Simonsen, "Photonic crystal fiber with a hybrid honeycomb cladding," Opt. Express 12, 468-472 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. J. Limpert, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, H. Zellmer, A. Tuennermann, R. Iliew, F. Lederer, J. Broeng, G. Vienne, A. Petersson, and C. Jakobsen, "High-power air-clad large-mode-area photonic crystal fiber laser," Opt. Express 11, 818-823 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. N. Groothoff, J. Canning, T. Ryan, K. Lyytikainen, and H. Inglis, "Distributed feedback photonic crystal fibre (DFB-PCF) laser," Opt. Express 13, 2924-2930 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. F. Benabid, F. Couny, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, and P. StJ. Russell, "Compact, stable and efficient all-fiber gas cells using hollow-core photonic crystal fibers," Nature (London) 434, 488 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. S. Yiou, P. Delaye, A. Rouvie, J. Chinaud, R. Frey, G. Roosen, P. Viale, S. Février, P. Roy, J. Auguste, and J. Blondy, "Stimulated Raman scattering in an ethanol core microstructured optical fiber," Opt. Express,  13, 4786-4791 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. V. L. Kalashnikov, E. Sorokin, I. T. Sorokina, "Spatial-temporal structure of the femtosecond third harmonic generation in photonic-crystal fibers," Opt. Express 15, 11301-11312 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. L. Rindorf, J. B. Jensen, M. Dufva, L. H. Pedersen, P. E. Hoeiby, and O. Bang, "Photonic crystal fiber long-period gratings for biochemical sensing," Opt. Express 148224-8231 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. B. Gauvreau, A. Hassani, M. F. Fehri, A. Kabashin, and M. Skorobogatiy, "Photonic bandgap fiber-based surface plasmon resonance sensors," Opt. Express 1511413-11426 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. S. Smolka, M. Barth, and O. Benson, "Highly efficient fluorescence sensing with hollow core photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Express 15, 12783-12791 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. E. Yablonovitch, "Liquid versus photonics crystals," Nature 401, 539-541 (1999). [CrossRef]
  19. K. Busch and S. John, "Liquid-Crystal Photonic-Band-Gap Materials: The Tuneable Electromagnetic Vacuum," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 967-970 (1999). [CrossRef]
  20. C. Kerbage and B. J. Eggleton, "Tunable microfluidic optical fiber gratings," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1338-1340 (2003). [CrossRef]
  21. T. T. Larsen, A. Bjarklev, D. S. Hermann, and J. Broeng, "Optical devices based on liquid crystal photonic bandgap fibres," Opt. Express 11,2589-2596 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. F. Du, Y.Q. Lu and S.T. Wu, "Electrically tunable liquid-crystal photonic crystal fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85,2181-2183 (2004). [CrossRef]
  23. C. R. Rosberg, F. H. Bennet, D. N. Neshev, P. D. Rasmussen, O. Bang, W. Krolikowski, A. Bjarklev, and Y. S. Kivshar, "Tunable diffraction and self-defocusing in liquid-filled photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Express 15, 12145-12150 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. T. T. Alkeskjold, J. Laegsgaard, A. Bjarklev, D. S. Hermann, J. Broeng, J. Li, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, "Highly tunable large-core single-mode liquid- crystal photonic bandgap fiber," Appl. Opt. 45, 2261-2264 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. V. K. S. Hsiao, Y. B. Zheng, B. K. Juluri, and T. J. Huang, "Light-Driven Plasmonic Switches Based on Au Nanodisk Arrays and Photoresponsive Liquid Crystals" Adv. Mater. (2008) (In press).
  26. T. T. Alkeskjold, J. Laegsgaard, A. Bjarklev, D. S. Hermann, Anawati, J. Broeng, J. Li, and S. T. Wu, "All-optical modulation in dye-doped nematic liquid crystal photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Express 12, 5857-5871 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. T. Ikeda, "Photomodulation of liquid crystal orientations for photonic applications," J. Mater. Chem. 13, 2037-2057 (2003). [CrossRef]
  28. I. C. Khoo, Liquid Crystals (Wiley, New York, 1994).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited