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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 16, Iss. 17 — Aug. 18, 2008
  • pp: 12688–12700

High quality quasi-Bessel beam generated by round-tip axicon

Oto Brzobohatý, Tomáš Čižmár, and Pavel Zemánek  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 17, pp. 12688-12700 (2008)

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We study theoretically and experimentally the spatial intensity distribution of the zero-order Bessel beam formed by the axicon which possess a rounded tip. Such a tip generates a refracted beam that interferes with the quasi-Bessel beam created behind the axicon. In turn an undesired intensity modulation occurs that significantly disturbs the unique properties of the quasi-Bessel beam – namely the constant shape of the lateral intensity distribution and the slow variation of the on-axis beam intensity along the beam propagation. We show how the spatial filtration of the beam in the Fourier plane improves this spatial beam distribution and removes the undesired modulation. We use an efficient numerical method based on Hankel transformations to simulate the propagation of the beam behind the axicon and filter. We experimentally measure the intensity distribution of the beam in many lateral planes and subsequently reconstruct the spatial intensity distribution of the beam. Computed and measured beam distributions are compared and the obtained agreement is very good.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(070.0070) Fourier optics and signal processing : Fourier optics and signal processing
(070.6110) Fourier optics and signal processing : Spatial filtering
(140.3300) Lasers and laser optics : Laser beam shaping

ToC Category:
Physical Optics

Original Manuscript: February 19, 2008
Revised Manuscript: July 4, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: August 5, 2008
Published: August 7, 2008

Oto Brzobohatý, Tomáš Cižmár, and Pavel Zemánek, "High quality quasi-Bessel beam generated by round-tip axicon," Opt. Express 16, 12688-12700 (2008)

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