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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 16, Iss. 17 — Aug. 18, 2008
  • pp: 13005–13015

Constructing 3D crystal templates for photonic band gap materials using holographic optical tweezers

D.C. Benito, D.M. Carberry, S.H. Simpson, G.M. Gibson, M.J. Padgett, J.G. Rarity, M.J. Miles, and S. Hanna  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 17, pp. 13005-13015 (2008)

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A simple and robust method is presented for the construction of 3-dimensional crystals from silica and polystyrene microspheres. The crystals are suitable for use as templates in the production of three-dimensional photonic band gap (PBG) materials. Manipulation of the microspheres was achieved using a dynamic holographic assembler (DHA) consisting of computer controlled holographic optical tweezers. Attachment of the microspheres was achieved by adjusting their colloidal interactions during assembly. The method is demonstrated by constructing a variety of 3-dimensional crystals using spheres ranging in size from 3 µm down to 800 nm. A major advantage of the technique is that it may be used to build structures that cannot be made using self-assembly. This is illustrated through the construction of crystals in which line defects have been deliberately included, and by building simple cubic structures.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.7010) Lasers and laser optics : Laser trapping
(220.4000) Optical design and fabrication : Microstructure fabrication
(230.5298) Optical devices : Photonic crystals
(090.5694) Holography : Real-time holography

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: June 6, 2008
Revised Manuscript: August 4, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: August 5, 2008
Published: August 11, 2008

Virtual Issues
Vol. 3, Iss. 10 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

D. C. Benito, D. M. Carberry, S. H. Simpson, G. M. Gibson, M. J. Padgett, J. G. Rarity, M. J. Miles, and S. Hanna, "Constructing 3D crystal templates for photonic band gap materials using holographic optical tweezers," Opt. Express 16, 13005-13015 (2008)

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