OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 16, Iss. 18 — Sep. 1, 2008
  • pp: 14057–14063

PMD monitoring in traffic-carrying optical systems and its statistical analysis

Junfeng Jiang, Sathyanarayanan Sundhararajan, Doug Richards, Steve Oliva, and Rongqing Hui  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 18, pp. 14057-14063 (2008)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.16.014057


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (129 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Differential group delay (DGD) experienced by the optical signal in in-service terrestrial optical fiber systems has been monitored for the first time without the requirement of looping-back, in which the live traffic carried in the fiber was used as the probing signal. The relationship between the measured DGD using this technique and the actual fiber PMD parameter is formulated and verified by field experiments.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2330) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics communications
(260.5430) Physical optics : Polarization

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

History
Original Manuscript: April 21, 2008
Revised Manuscript: August 7, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: August 22, 2008
Published: August 26, 2008

Citation
Junfeng Jiang, Sathyanarayanan Sundhararajan, Doug Richards, Steve Oliva, and Rongqing Hui, "PMD monitoring in traffic-carrying optical systems and its statistical analysis," Opt. Express 16, 14057-14063 (2008)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-18-14057


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. B. L. Heffner, "Automated Measurement of Polarization Mode Dispersion Using Jones Matrix Eigenanalysis," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1066-1069 (1992). [CrossRef]
  2. R. M. Jopson, L. E. Nelson, and H. Kogelnik, "Measurement of Second-Order Polarization-Mode Dispersion Vectors in Optical Fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1153-1155 (1999). [CrossRef]
  3. P. Williams, "PMD measurement techniques and how to avoid the pitfalls," J. Opt. Fiber Commun. Rep. 1, 84-105 (2004). [CrossRef]
  4. M. Boroditsky, M. Brodsky, N. J. Frigo, P. Magill, and J. Evankow, "Estimation of eye penalty and PMD from frequency-resolved in-situ SOP measurements," Proc. 17th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, (Piscataway, 2004), pp. 88- 89.
  5. S. X. Wang, A. M. Weiner, M. Boroditsky, and M. Brodsky, "Monitoring PMD-induced penalty and other system performance metrics via a high-speed spectral polarimeter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1753-1755 (2006). [CrossRef]
  6. B. Fu and R. Hui, "Fiber chromatic dispersion and polarization-mode dispersion monitoring using coherent detection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1561-1563 (2005). [CrossRef]
  7. R. Hui, R. Saunders, B. Heffner, D. Richards, B. Fu, and P. Adany, "Non-blocking PMD monitoring in live optical systems," Electron. Lett. 43, 53-54 (2007). [CrossRef]
  8. M. Karlsson, J. Brentel, and P. A. Andrekson, "Long-Term Measurement of PMD and Polarization Drift in Installed Fibers," J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 941-951 (2000). [CrossRef]
  9. H. Kogelnik, L. E. Nelson, and R. M. Jopson, "Polarization-mode dispersion," in Optical Fiber Telecommunications IVB, I. P. Kaminov and T. Li, Eds. (Academic, New York, 2002).
  10. G. Bosco, B. E. Olsson, and D. J. Blumenthal, "Pulsewidth distortion monitoring in a 40-Gb/s optical system affected by PMD," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 307-309 (2002). [CrossRef]
  11. M. Karlsson and H. Sunnerud, "PMD impact on optical systems: Single- and multichannel effects," J. Opt. Fiber Commun. Rep. 1, 123-140 (2004). [CrossRef]
  12. Y. Li and A. Yariv, "Solutions to the dynamical equation of polarization-mode dispersion and polarization-dependent losses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 17, 1821-1827 (2000). [CrossRef]
  13. J. P. Elbers, C. Glingener, M. Duser, and E. Voges, "Modelling of polarisation mode dispersion in singlemode fibres," Electron. Lett. 33, 1894-1894 (1997). [CrossRef]
  14. C. Antonelli, A. Mecozzi, K. Cornick, M. Boroditsky, and M. Brodsky, "PMD-induced penalty statistics in fiber links," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1013-1015 (2005). [CrossRef]
  15. C. Antonelli, A. Mecozzi, M. Brodsky, and M. Boroditsky, "A Simple Analytical Model for PMD Temporal Evolution," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OWJ4.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3.
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited