OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 16, Iss. 18 — Sep. 1, 2008
  • pp: 14263–14273

High-pulse-energy mid-infrared laser source based on optical parametric amplification in ZnGeP2

Magnus W. Haakestad, Gunnar Arisholm, Espen Lippert, Stephane Nicolas, Gunnar Rustad, and Knut Stenersen  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 18, pp. 14263-14273 (2008)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (353 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Nonlinear optical conversion of 1.064 µm pulses from a Q-switched Nd:YAG laser to the mid-infrared is demonstrated. The experimental setup is based on a two-stage master-oscillator/power-amplifier (MOPA) design with a KTiOPO4 based MOPA in the first stage and a KTiOAsO4/ZnGeP2 based MOPA in the second stage. The setup can be tuned to provide output at 8 µm or in the 3–5 µm wavelength region. We obtain more than 8 mJ at 8 µm, and up to 33 mJ at 3–5 µm. The measured beam quality factors are in the range M2=2–4 for both wavelength regions.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.3070) Lasers and laser optics : Infrared and far-infrared lasers
(140.3580) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, solid-state
(190.2620) Nonlinear optics : Harmonic generation and mixing
(190.4410) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, parametric processes
(190.4970) Nonlinear optics : Parametric oscillators and amplifiers

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

Original Manuscript: May 28, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: August 11, 2008
Published: August 28, 2008

Magnus W. Haakestad, Gunnar Arisholm, Espen Lippert, Stephane Nicolas, Gunnar Rustad, and Knut Stenersen, "High-pulse-energy mid-infrared laser source based on optical parametric amplification in ZnGeP2," Opt. Express 16, 14263-14273 (2008)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. T. H. Allik, S. Chandra, D. M. Rines, P. G. Schunemann, J. A. Hutchinson, and R. Utano, "Tunable 7-12-μm optical parametric oscillator using a Cr,Er:YSGG laser to pump CdSe and ZnGeP2 crystals," Opt. Lett. 22, 597-599 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. K. L. Vodopyanov, F. Ganikhanov, J. P. Maffetone, I. Zwieback, and W. Ruderman, "ZnGeP2 optical parametric oscillator with 3.8-12.4-μm tunability," Opt. Lett. 25, 841-843 (2000). [CrossRef]
  3. P. A. Budni, C. R. Ibach, S. D. Setzler, L. A. Pomeranz, M. L. Lemons, P. A. Ketteridge, E. J. Gustafson, Y. E. Young, P. G. Schunemann, T. M. Pollak, R. T. Castro, and E. P. Chicklis, "20 mJ, 3-5 micron ZnGeP2 Optical Parametric Oscillator Pumped by a 2.09 micron Ho:YAG Laser," in Advanced Solid-State Photonics. Paper PD12.
  4. H. R. Lee, J. Yu, N. P. Barnes, and Y. Bai, "High pulse energy ZnGeP2 singly resonant OPO," in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, (2004) Paper TuC3.
  5. P. B. Phua, K. S. Lai, R. F. Wu, and T. C. Chong, "Coupled tandem optical parametric oscillator (OPO): an OPO within an OPO," Opt. Lett. 23, 1262-1264 (1998). [CrossRef]
  6. F. Ganikhanov, T. Caughey, and K. L. Vodopyanov, "Narrow-linewidth middle-infrared ZnGeP2 optical parametric oscillator," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 818-822 (2001). [CrossRef]
  7. S. Haidar, K. Miyamoto, and H. Ito, "Generation of tunable mid-IR (5.5-9.3 μm) from a 2-μm pumped ZnGeP2 optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Commun. 241, 173-178 (2004). [CrossRef]
  8. M. Henriksson, M. Tiihonen, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, "ZGP Mid-Infrared Laser Source Pumped by Nearly-Degenerate PPKTP Parametric Oscillator," in Advanced Solid-State Photonics (2007), Paper TuB22.
  9. A. Godard, "Infrared (2-12 μm) solid-state laser sources: a review," C. R. Physique 8, 1100-1128 (2007). [CrossRef]
  10. B. C. Johnson, V. J. Newell, J. B. Clark, and E. S. McPhee, "Narrow-bandwidth low-divergence optical parametric oscillator for nonlinear frequency-conversion applications," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2122-2127 (1995). [CrossRef]
  11. Y. Ehrlich, S. Pearl, and S. Fastig, "High brightness tunable tandem optical parametric oscillator at 8-12 μm," in Advanced Solid-State Photonics (2004), Paper TuB15.
  12. A. Dergachev, D. Armstrong, A. Smith, T. Drake, and M. Dubois, "3.4-μm ZGP RISTRA nanosecond optical parametric oscillator pumped by a 2.05-μm Ho:YLF MOPA system," Opt. Express 15, 14404-14413 (2007). [CrossRef]
  13. W. R. Bosenberg and D. R. Guyer, "Broadly tunable, single-frequency optical parametric frequency-conversion system," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1716-1722 (1993). [CrossRef]
  14. J. C. McCarthy, R. C. Day, and E. P. Chicklis, "Novel, Efficient, High Brightness KTP Optical Parametric Oscillator- Amplifier in single beamline," in Advanced Solid State Lasers 2001 Technical Digest, pp. 656-659.
  15. J. Saikawa, M. Fujii, H. Ishizuki, and T. Taira, "52 mJ narrow-bandwidth degenerated optical parametric system with a large-aperture periodically poled MgO:LiNbO3 device," Opt. Lett. 31, 3149-3151 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. J. Saikawa, M. Miyazaki, M. Fujii, H. Ishizuki, and T. Taira, "Tunable, narrow-bandwidth Mid-IR generation in ZnGeP2 crystals pumped by a large aperture periodically poled Mg doped LiNbO3 optical parametric system," in Advanced Solid-State Photonics (2008), Paper MC46.
  17. G. Arisholm, �?. Nordseth, and G. Rustad, "Optical parametric master oscillator and power amplifier for efficient conversion of high-energy pulses with high beam quality," Opt. Express 12, 4189-4197 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. G. Rustad, S. Nicolas, �?. Nordseth, and G. Arisholm, "High pulse energy mid-infrared laser source," Proc. SPIE 5989, 598904.1-598904.7 (2005). [CrossRef]
  19. G. Mennerat and P. Kupecek, "High-energy narrow-linewidth tunable source in the mid infrared," in Advanced Solid State Lasers 1998 Technical Digest, pp. 269-272.
  20. A. Dergachev, D. Armstrong, A. Smith, T. Drake, and M. Dubois, "High-power, high-energy ZGP OPA pumped by a 2.05-μm Ho:YLF MOPA system," Proc. SPIE 6875, 687507 (2008).
  21. G. Arisholm, "Quantum noise initiation and macroscopic fluctuations in optical parametric oscillators," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 117-127 (1999). [CrossRef]
  22. G. Anstett, M. Nittmann, A. Borsutzky, and R. Wallenstein, "Experimental investigation and numerical simulation of the spatio-temporal dynamics of nanosecond pulses in Q-switched Nd:YAG lasers," Appl. Phys. B 76, 833-838 (2003). [CrossRef]
  23. A. E. Siegman, "How to (Maybe) Measure Laser Beam Quality," in Optical Society of America Annual Meeting (Long Beach, California, 1997).
  24. R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic Press, San Diego, 2003).
  25. S. Das, G. C. Bhar, S. Gangopadhyay, and C. Ghosh, "Linear and nonlinear optical properties of ZnGeP2 crystal for infrared laser device applications: revisited," Appl. Opt. 42, 4335-4340 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. K. T. Zawilski, S. D. Setzler, P. G. Schunemann, and T. M. Pollak, "Increasing the laser-induced damage threshold of single-crystal ZnGeP2," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 2310-2316 (2006). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited