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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 16, Iss. 19 — Sep. 15, 2008
  • pp: 14771–14779

Bandwidth enhancement of electro-optic field sensing using photonic down-mixing with harmonic sidebands

Dong-Joon Lee and John F. Whitaker  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 19, pp. 14771-14779 (2008)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.16.014771


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Abstract

We demonstrate that harmonic sidebands of an electro-optic modulator’s driving frequency can be used as the local oscillator in a photonic down-mixing process in order to significantly enhance the bandwidth of near-field, electro-optic, microwave measurements. The creation of second- and third-order-harmonic modulation sidebands on a laser-diode output are described, with heterodyne down-conversion of microwave signals taking place within an electro-optic sensor crystal. The measurement bandwidth of an electro-optic microwave probe can thus be enhanced by as much as a factor of three with respect to the use of conventional, fundamental-harmonic sidebands. Carrier-sideband analysis from the measured optical spectrum indicates that millimeter-wave-frequency local-oscillator sidebands can be created using a Ku-band electro-optic modulator and that the electro-optic-signal-modulation depth can be enhanced by suppressing the light-beam carrier component. Transverse near-field distributions from high frequency patch antennas are extracted using both second- and third-order-harmonic sidebands.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(230.2090) Optical devices : Electro-optical devices
(230.4110) Optical devices : Modulators
(350.4010) Other areas of optics : Microwaves
(280.4788) Remote sensing and sensors : Optical sensing and sensors

ToC Category:
Remote sensing and sensors

History
Original Manuscript: June 27, 2008
Revised Manuscript: August 10, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: August 21, 2008
Published: September 4, 2008

Citation
Dong-Joon Lee and John F. Whitaker, "Bandwidth enhancement of electro-optic field sensing using photonic down-mixing with harmonic sidebands," Opt. Express 16, 14771-14779 (2008)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-19-14771


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References

  1. K. Yang, G. David, S. Robertson, J. F. Whitaker, and L. P. B. Katehi, "Electro-optic Mapping of Near-field Distributions in Integrated Microwave Circuits," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 46, 2338-2343 (1998). [CrossRef]
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