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Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 16, Iss. 19 — Sep. 15, 2008
  • pp: 14812–14820

Manipulating full photonic band gap in two dimensional birefringent photonic crystals

Remo Proietti Zaccaria, Prabhat Verma, Satoshi Kawaguchi, Satoru Shoji, and Satoshi Kawata  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 19, pp. 14812-14820 (2008)

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The probability to realize a full photonic band gap in two-dimensional birefringent photonic crystals can be readily manipulated by introducing symmetry reduction or air holes in the crystal elements. The results lie in either creation of new band gaps or enlargement of existing band gaps. In particular, a combination of the two processes produces an effect much stronger than a simple summation of their individual contributions. Materials with both relatively low refractive index (rutile) and high refractive index (tellurium) were considered. The combined effect of introduction of symmetry reduction and air holes resulted in a maximum enlargement of the band gaps by 8.4% and 20.2%, respectively, for the two materials.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.1950) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction gratings
(160.5293) Materials : Photonic bandgap materials
(050.5298) Diffraction and gratings : Photonic crystals

ToC Category:
Photonic Crystals

Original Manuscript: June 2, 2008
Revised Manuscript: July 10, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: August 21, 2008
Published: September 4, 2008

Remo Proietti Zaccaria, Prabhat Verma, Satoshi Kawaguchi, Satoru Shoji, and Satoshi Kawata, "Manipulating full photonic band gaps in two dimensional birefringent photonic crystals," Opt. Express 16, 14812-14820 (2008)

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