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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 16, Iss. 19 — Sep. 15, 2008
  • pp: 14961–14978

Model based and empirical spectral analysis for the diagnosis of breast cancer

Changfang Zhu, Tara M. Breslin, Josephine Harter, and Nirmala Ramanujam  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 19, pp. 14961-14978 (2008)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.16.014961


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Abstract

We explored the use of both empirical (Partial Least Squares, PLS) and Monte Carlo model based approaches for the analysis of fluorescence and diffuse reflectance spectra measured ex vivo from freshly excised breast tissues and for the diagnosis of breast cancer. Features extracted using both approaches, i.e. principal components (PCs) obtained from empirical analysis or tissue properties obtained from model based analysis, displayed statistically significant difference between malignant and non-malignant tissues, and can be used to discriminate breast malignancy with comparable sensitivity and specificity of up to 90%. The PC scores of a subset of PCs also displayed significant correlation with the tissue properties extracted from the model based analysis, suggesting both approaches likely probe the same sources of contrast in the tissue spectra that discriminate between malignant and non-malignant breast tissues but in different ways.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(170.0170) Medical optics and biotechnology : Medical optics and biotechnology
(170.4580) Medical optics and biotechnology : Optical diagnostics for medicine
(170.6510) Medical optics and biotechnology : Spectroscopy, tissue diagnostics
(300.0300) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy

ToC Category:
Medical Optics and Biotechnology

History
Original Manuscript: April 14, 2008
Revised Manuscript: August 6, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: August 6, 2008
Published: September 9, 2008

Virtual Issues
Vol. 3, Iss. 11 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Citation
Changfang Zhu, Tara M. Breslin, Josephine Harter, and Nirmala Ramanujam, "Model based and empirical spectral analysis for the diagnosis of breast cancer," Opt. Express 16, 14961-14978 (2008)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-19-14961


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