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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 16, Iss. 2 — Jan. 21, 2008
  • pp: 507–523

High numerical aperture vectorial imaging in coherent optical microscopes

P. Török, P.R.T. Munro, and Em.E. Kriezis  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 2, pp. 507-523 (2008)

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Imaging systems are typically partitioned into three components: focusing of incident light, scattering of incident light by an object and imaging of scattered light. We present a model of high Numerical Aperture (NA) imaging systems which differs from prior models as it treats each of the three components of the imaging system rigorously. It is well known that when high NA lenses are used the imaging system must be treated with vectorial analysis. This in turn requires that the scattering of light by the object be calculated rigorously according to Maxwell’s equations. Maxwell’s equations are solvable analytically for only a small class of scattering objects necessitating the use of rigorous numerical methods for the general case. Finally, rigorous vectorial diffraction theory and focusing theory are combined to calculate the image of the scattered light. We demonstrate the usefulness of the model through examples.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.1960) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction theory
(180.0180) Microscopy : Microscopy
(260.2110) Physical optics : Electromagnetic optics
(110.1758) Imaging systems : Computational imaging

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: October 15, 2007
Revised Manuscript: December 30, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: January 4, 2008
Published: January 7, 2008

Virtual Issues
Vol. 3, Iss. 2 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

P. Török, P. R. T. Munro, and Em. E. Kriezis, "High numerical aperture vectorial imaging in coherent optical microscopes," Opt. Express 16, 507-523 (2008)

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