OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 16, Iss. 20 — Sep. 29, 2008
  • pp: 15870–15879

The double dark resonance in a cold gas of Cs atoms and molecules

ZhiFang Feng, WeiDong Li, LianTuan Xiao, and SuoTang Jia  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 20, pp. 15870-15879 (2008)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (414 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We theoretically investigated the properties of the effective four-level stimulated Raman adiabatic passage scheme in a cold gas of Cs atoms and molecules, where exists the tunnelling coupling between two excited molecular states due to the 0-g (6S,6P3/2) double well structure. The double dark resonance is predicted in the absorption spectrum when the tunnelling coupling strength is large enough. The double dark resonance not only reveals the formation of the ultra-cold molecules, but also provides further evidence for the tunnelling as one effective coupling mechanism between the two excited molecular states. The effect of the various experimental conditions on this phenomena has been discussed.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(020.2070) Atomic and molecular physics : Effects of collisions
(270.1670) Quantum optics : Coherent optical effects
(290.5910) Scattering : Scattering, stimulated Raman
(300.1030) Spectroscopy : Absorption

ToC Category:
Quantum Optics

Original Manuscript: July 7, 2008
Revised Manuscript: September 4, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: September 4, 2008
Published: September 22, 2008

ZhiFang Feng, WeiDong Li, LianTuan Xiao, and SuoTang Jia, "The double dark resonance in a cold gas of Cs atoms and molecules," Opt. Express 16, 15870-15879 (2008)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. M. D. Lukin, S. F. Yelin, M. Fleischhauer, and M. O. Scully, "Quantum interference effects induced by interacting dark resonances," Phys. Rev. A 60, 3225-3228 (1999). [CrossRef]
  2. S. Jin, S. Gong, R. Li, and Z. Xu, "Coherent population transfer and superposition of atomic states via stimulated Raman adiabatic passage using an excited-doublet four-level atom," Phys. Rev. A 69, 023408 (2004). [CrossRef]
  3. Y. Niu, S. Gong, R. Li, and S. Jin, "Creation of atomic coherent superposition states via the technique of stimulated Raman adiabatic passage using a Λ-type system with a manifold of levels," Phys. Rev. A 70, 023805 (2004). [CrossRef]
  4. S. F. Yelin, V. A. Sautenkov, M. M. Kash, G. R. Welch, and M. D. Lukin, "Nonlinear optics via double dark resonances," Phys. Rev. A 68, 063801 (2003). [CrossRef]
  5. B. K. Dutta and P. K. Mahapatra, "Nonlinear optical effects in a doubly driven four-level atom," Phys. Scr. 75,345-353 (2007). [CrossRef]
  6. C. Y. Ye, A. S. Zibrov, Y. V. Rostovtsev, and M. O. Scully, "Unexpected Doppler-free resonance in generalized double dark states," Phys. Rev. A 65, 043805 (2002). [CrossRef]
  7. E. S. Fry, M. D. Lukin, T. Walther and G. R. Welch, "Four-level atomic coherence and cw VUV lasers," Opt. Commun. 179, 499-504 (2000). [CrossRef]
  8. W. F. Yang, S. Q. Gong, Y. P. Niu, S. Q. Jin, and Z. Z. Xu, "Enhancement of four-wave mixing induced by interacting dark resonances," J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 38, 2657-2663 (2005). [CrossRef]
  9. Y. P. Niu, R. X. Li, and S. Q. Gong, "High efficiency four-wave mixing induced by double-dark resonances in a five-level tripod system," Phys. Rev. A 71, 043819 (2005). [CrossRef]
  10. H. J. Li and G. X. Huang, "Highly efficient four-wave mixing in a coherent six-level system in ultraslow propagation regime," Phys. Rev. A 76, 043809 (2007). [CrossRef]
  11. E. Paspalakis and P. L. Knight, "Transparency, slow light and enhanced nonlinear optics in a four-level scheme," J. Opt. B: Quantum and Semiclass Opt. 4, S372-S375 (2002). [CrossRef]
  12. M. Mahmoudi, R. Fleischhaker, M. Sahrai and J. Evers, "Group velocity control in the ultraviolet domain via interacting dark-state resonances," J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 41, 025504 (2008). [CrossRef]
  13. M. Viteau, A. Chotia, M. Allegrini, N. Bouloufa, O. Dulieu, D. Comparat and P. Pillet, "Optical Pumping and Vibrational Cooling of Molecules," Science 321, 232 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. H. Feshbach, Theoretical Nuclear Physics (Wiley, New York, 1992); [CrossRef]
  15. E. Tiesinga, A. J. Moerdijk, B. J. Verhaar, and H. T. C. Stoof, "Conditions for Bose-Einstein condensation in magnetically trapped atomic cesium," Phys. Rev. A 46, R1167 (1992). [CrossRef]
  16. E. Timmermans, P. Tommasini, M. Hussein, and A. Kerman, "Feshbach resonances in atomic Bose-Einstein condensates," Phys. Rep. 315, 199-230 (1999). [CrossRef]
  17. D. Kleppner, "Professor Feshbach and His Resonance," Phys. Today 57, 12-14 (2004). [CrossRef]
  18. H. Y. Ling, H. Pu, and B. Seaman, "Creating a Stable Molecular Condensate Using a Generalized Raman Adiabatic Passage Scheme," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 250403 (2004).
  19. K. Winkler, G. Thalhammer, M. Theis, H. Ritsch, R. Grimm, and J. H. Denschlag, "Atom-Molecule Dark States in a Bose-Einstein Condensate," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 063202 (2005); [CrossRef]
  20. G. R. Jin, C. K. Kim, and K. Nahm, "Electromagnetically induced transparency in an atom-molecule Bose-Einstein condensate," condmat/ 0603094. [CrossRef]
  21. A. Fioretti, D. Comparat, A. Crubellier, O. Dulieu, F. Masnou-Seeuws, and P. Pillet, "Formation of Cold Cs2 Molecules through Photoassociation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4402-4405 (1998).
  22. A. Fioretti, D. Comparat, C. Drag, C. Amiot, O. Dulieu, F. Masnou-Seeuws, and P. Pillet, "Photoassociative spectroscopy of the Cs2 0-g long-range state," Eur. Phys. J. D 5, 389-403 (1999). [CrossRef]
  23. B. Laburthe Tolra, C. Drag and P. Pillet, "Observation of cold state-selected cesium molecules formed by stimulated Raman photoassociation," Phys. Rev. A 64, 061401(R) (2001). [CrossRef]
  24. M. Vatasescu, O. Dulieu, C. Amiot, D. Comparat, C. Drag, V. Kokoouline, F. Masnou-Seeuws, and P. Pillet, " Multichannel tunneling in the Cs2 0-g photoassociation spectrum," Phys. Rev. A 61, 044701 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. M. Vatasescu, F. Masnou-Seeuws, "Time-dependent analysis of tunneling effect in the formation of ultracold molecules via photoassociation of laser-cooled atoms," Eur. Phys. J. D 21, 191-204 (2002). [CrossRef]
  26. R. Wynar, R. S. Freeland, D. J. Han, C. Ryu, and D. J. Heinzen, "Molecules in a Bose-Einstein Condensate," Science 287, 1016-1019 (2000). [CrossRef]
  27. E. Paspalakis and P. L. Knight, "Transparency and parametric generation in a four-level system Reviewing of this paper was handled by a member of the Editorial Board," J. Mod. Opt. 49, 87-95 (2002); [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. "Electromagnetically induced transparency and controlled group velocity in a multilevel system,"Phys. Rev. A 66, 015802 (2002). [CrossRef]
  29. G. Wasik,W. Gawlik, J. Zachorowski, and Z. Kowal, "Competition of dark states: Optical resonances with anomalous magnetic field dependence," Phys. Rev. A 64, 051802(R) (2001).
  30. M. Mackie, R. Kowalski, and J. Javanainen, "Bose-Stimulated Raman Adiabatic Passage in Photoassociation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3803-3806 (2000).
  31. Jie Ma, Lirong Wang, Yanting Zhao, Liantuan Xiao, and Suotang Jia, "Absolute frequency stabilization of a diode laser to cesium atom-molecular hyperfine transitions via modulating molecules," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 161101 (2007).
  32. M. O. Scully and M. S. Zubairy, Quantum Optics (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, (1997).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited