OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 16, Iss. 20 — Sep. 29, 2008
  • pp: 16005–16012

Measuring optical tunneling times using a Hong-Ou-Mandel interferometer

D. J. Papoular, P. Cladé, S. V. Polyakov, C. F. McCormick, A. L. Migdall, and P. D. Lett  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 20, pp. 16005-16012 (2008)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.16.016005


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (356 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We report a prediction for the delay measured in an optical tunneling experiment using Hong-Ou-Mandel (HOM) interference, taking into account the Goos-Hänchen shift generalized to frustrated total internal reflection situations. We precisely state assumptions under which the tunneling delay measured by an HOM interferometer can be calculated. We show that, under these assumptions, the measured delay is the group delay, and that it is apparently ‘superluminal’ for sufficiently thick air gaps. We also show how an HOM signal with multiple minima can be obtained, and that the shape of such a signal is not appreciably affected by the presence of the optical tunneling zone, thus ruling out the explanation of the anomalously short tunneling delays in terms of a reshaping of the wavepacket as it goes through the tunneling zone. Finally, we compare the predicted tunneling delay to a relevant classical delay and conclude that our predictions involve no non-causal effect.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(030.0030) Coherence and statistical optics : Coherence and statistical optics
(260.6970) Physical optics : Total internal reflection

ToC Category:
Physical Optics

History
Original Manuscript: August 12, 2008
Revised Manuscript: September 9, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: September 10, 2008
Published: September 24, 2008

Citation
D. J. Papoular, P. Clade, S. V. Polyakov, C. F. McCormick, A. L. Migdall, and P. D. Lett, "Measuring optical tunneling times using a Hong-Ou-Mandel interferometer," Opt. Express 16, 16005-16012 (2008)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-20-16005


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. E. H. Hauge and J. A. Støvneng, "Tunneling times: a critical review," Rev. Mod. Phys. 61, 917-936 (1989). [CrossRef]
  2. Th. Martin and R. Landauer, "Time delay of evanescent electromagnetic waves and the analogy to particle tunneling," Phys. Rev. A 45, 2611-2617 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. A. M. Steinberg, P. G. Kwiat, and R. Y. Chiao, "Measurement of the single-photon tunneling time," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 708-711 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. H. G. Winful, "Tunneling time, the Hartman effect, and superluminality: A proposed resolution of an old paradox," Phys. Rep. 436, 1-69 (2006). [CrossRef]
  5. R. Y. Chiao, P. G. Kwiat, and A. M. Steinberg, "Analogies between electron and photon tunneling: A proposed experiment to measure photon tunneling times," Physica B 175, 257-262 (1991). [CrossRef]
  6. C. K. Hong, Z. Y. Ou, and L. Mandel, "Measurement of subpicosecond time intervals between two photons by interference," Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2044-2046 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. D. Branning, A. L. Migdall, and A. V. Sergienko, "Simultaneous measurement of group and phase delay between two photons," Phys. Rev. A 62, 063808 (2000). [CrossRef]
  8. A. M. Steinberg and R. Y. Chiao, "Tunneling delay times in one and two dimensions," Phys. Rev. A 49, 3283-3295 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. K. Yasumoto and Y. Oishi, "A new evaluation of the Goos-Hänchen shift and associated time delay," J. Appl. Phys. 54, 2170-2176 (1983).
  10. L. Mandel and E. Wolf, Optical Coherence and Quantum Optics (Cambridge University Press 1995).
  11. T. E. Hartman, "Tunneling of a Wave Packet," J. Appl. Phys. 33, 3427-3433 (1962). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited