OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 16, Iss. 21 — Oct. 13, 2008
  • pp: 16459–16466

Coherent optical frequency transfer over 50-km physical distance using a 120-km-long installed telecom fiber network

Mitsuru Musha, Feng-Lei Hong, Ken’ichi Nakagawa, and Ken-ichi Ueda  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 21, pp. 16459-16466 (2008)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (283 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Optical frequency at 1542 nm was coherently transferred over a 120-km-long installed telecom fiber network between two cities (Tsukuba and Tokyo) in Japan separated by more than 50 km. The phase noise induced by the fiber length fluctuations was actively reduced by using a fiber stretcher and an acousto-optic modulator. The fractional frequency instability of the one-way transmitted light was reduced down to less than 8.0×10-16 at an averaging time of 1s, which is limited by the theoretical limit deduced from the length and the intrinsic noise of the fiber.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.0060) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics and optical communications
(120.3930) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Metrological instrumentation
(120.5050) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Phase measurement

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

Original Manuscript: July 22, 2008
Revised Manuscript: September 16, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: September 22, 2008
Published: October 1, 2008

Mitsuru Musha, Feng-Lei Hong, Ken'ichi Nakagawa, and Ken-ichi Ueda, "Coherent optical frequency transfer over 50-km physical distance using a 120-km-long installed telecom fiber network," Opt. Express 16, 16459-16466 (2008)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. J. M. Payne, L. D??Addario, D. T. Emerson, A. R. Kerr, and B. Schillue, "Photonic local oscillator system for the millimeter array," Proc. SPIE 3357, 143-151 (1998). [CrossRef]
  2. A. L. Cavalieri, D. M. Fritz, S. H. Lee, P. H. Bucksbaum, D. A. Reis, J. Rudati, D. M. Mills, P. H. Fuoss, G. B. Stephenson, C. C. Kao, D. P. Siddons, D. P. Lowney, A. G. MacPhee, D. Weinstei, R. W. Falcone, R. Pahl, J. Als-Nielsen, C. Blome, S. Dusterer, R. Ischebeck, H. Schlarb, H. Schulte-Schrepping, Th. Tschentscher, J. Schneider, O. Hignette, F. Sette, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, H. N. Chapman, R. W. Lee, T. N. Hansen, O. Synnergren, J. Larsson, S. Techert, J. Sheppard, J. S. Wark, M. Bergh, C. Caleman, G. Huldt, D. van der Spoel, N. Timneanu, J. Hajdu, R. A. Akre, K. Luening, and J. B. Hastings, "Clocking femtosecond X rays," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 114801 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. L.-S. Ma, P. Jungner, J. Ye, and J. L. Hall, "Delivering the same optical frequency at two places; accurate cancellation of phase noise introduced by an optical fiber or other time-varying path," Opt. Lett. 19, 1777-1779 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. K. Sato, T. Hara, S. Kuji, K. Asari, M. Nishino, and N. Kawano, "Development of an ultrastable fiber optic frequency distribution system using an optical delay control," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 49, 19-24 (2000). [CrossRef]
  5. C. Daussy, O. Lopez, A. A.-Klein, A. Goncharov, M. Guinet, C. Chardonnet, F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, D. Chmbon, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, M. E. Tobar, and A. N. Luiten, "Long-distance frequency dissemination with a resolution of 10-17," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 203904 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. Ye, J.-L. Peng, R. J. Jones, K. W. Holman, J. L. Hall, D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. Kitching, S. Bize, J. C. Berquist, L. W. Hollberg, L. Robertsson, and L.-S. Ma, "Delivery of high-stability optical and microwave frequency standards over an optical fiber network," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 1459-1467 (2003). [CrossRef]
  7. S. M. Foreman, K. W. Holman, D. D. Hudson, D. J. Jones, and J. Ye, "Remote transfer of ultrastable frequency references via fiber networks," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78, 021101 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. B. de Beauvoir, F. Nez, L. Hilico, L. Julien, F. Biraben, B. Cagnac, J. J. Zondy, D. Touahri, O. Acef, and A. Clairon, "Transmission of an optical frequency through a 3km long optical fiber," Eur. Phys. J. D 1, 227-229 (1998). [CrossRef]
  9. S. M. Foreman, A. D. Ludlow, M. H. G. de Miranda, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, and J. Ye, "Coherent optical phase transfer over a 32-km fiber with 1s instability at 10-17," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 153601 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. N. R. Newbury, P. A. Williams, and W. C. Swann, "Coherent transfer of an optical carrier over 251km," Opt. Lett. 32, 3056-3058 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. A. D. Ludlow, T. Zelevinsky, G. K. Campbell, S. Blatt, M. M. Boyd, M. H. G. de Miranda, M. J. Martin, J. W. Thomsen, S. M. Foreman, J. Ye, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, Y. L. Coq, Z. W. Barber, N. Poli, N. D. Lemke, K. M. Beck, and C. W. Oates, "Sr lattice clock at 1x10-16 fractional uncertainty by remote optical evaluation with Ca clock," Science 319, 1805-1808 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, L. Lorini, J. C. Bergquist, Y. Le. Coq, C. W. Oates, Q. Quraishi, K. S. Feder, J. W. Nicholson, P. S. Westbrook, S. A. Diddams, and N. R. Newbury, "Coherent optical link over hindreds of metres and hundreds of terahertz with subfemtosecond timing jitter," Nat. Photonics 1, 283 (2007) [CrossRef]
  13. M. Musha, Y. Sato, K. Nakagawa, K. Ueda, A. Ueda, and M. Ishiguro, "Robust and precise length stabilization of a 25-km long optical fiber using an optical interferometric method with a digital phase-frequency discriminator," Appl. Phys. B 82, 555-559 (2006). [CrossRef]
  14. H. Inaba, Y. Daimon, F.-L. Hong, A. Onae, K. Minoshima, T. R. Schibli, H. Matsumoto, M. Hirano, T. Okuno, M. Onishi, and M. Nakazawa, "Long-term measurement of optical frequencies using a simple, robust and low-noise fiber based frequency comb," Opt. Express 14, 5223-5231 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, R. Higashi, and H. Katori, "An optical lattice clock," Nature 435, 321-324 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. M. Takamoto, F.-L. Hong, R. Higashi, Y. Fujii, M. Imae, and H. Katori, "Improved frequency measurement of a one-dimensional optical lattice clock with a spin-polarized fermionic 87Sr isotope," J. Phys. Soc. Jap. 75, 104302 (2006). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3.
Fig. 4.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited