OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 16, Iss. 21 — Oct. 13, 2008
  • pp: 16496–16508

A hydrogen-bonded organic nonlinear optical crystal for high-efficiency terahertz generation and detection

Fabian D. Brunner, O-Pil Kwon, Seong-Ji Kwon, Mojca Jazbinsek, Arno Schneider, and Peter Günter  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 21, pp. 16496-16508 (2008)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.16.016496


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (2331 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Broadband THz pulses have been generated in 2-[3-(4- hydroxystyryl)-5,5-dimethylcyclohex-2-enylidene]malononitrile (OH1) by optical rectification of sub-picosecond laser pulses. We show that OH1 crystals allow velocity-matched generation and detection of THz frequencies in the whole range between 0.3 and 2.5 THz for a pump laser wavelength range from 1200 to 1460 nm. OH1 crystals show a higher figure of merit for THz generation and detection in the optimized range compared to the benchmark inorganic semiconductor crystals ZnTe and GaAs and the organic ionic salt crystal 4-N,N-dimethylamino-4�?�-N�?�-methyl stilbazolium tosylate (DAST). The material shows a low THz absorption coefficient α3 in the range between 0.3 and 2.5 THz, reaching values lower than 0.2mm�??1 between 0.7 and 1.0 THz. This is similar as in ZnTe and GaAs, but much lower than in DAST in the respective optimum frequency range. A peak THz electric field of 100 kV/cm and a photon conversion efficiency of 11 percent have been achieved at a pump pulse energy of 45 μJ.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(160.2100) Materials : Electro-optical materials
(160.4890) Materials : Organic materials
(190.4710) Nonlinear optics : Optical nonlinearities in organic materials
(190.7110) Nonlinear optics : Ultrafast nonlinear optics
(040.2235) Detectors : Far infrared or terahertz
(300.6495) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, teraherz

ToC Category:
Materials

History
Original Manuscript: August 20, 2008
Revised Manuscript: September 15, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: September 25, 2008
Published: October 1, 2008

Citation
Fabian D. Brunner, O-Pil Kwon, Seong-Ji Kwon, Mojca Jazbinsek, Arno Schneider, and Peter Günter, "A hydrogen-bonded organic nonlinear optical crystal for high-efficiency terahertz generation and detection," Opt. Express 16, 16496-16508 (2008)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-21-16496


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. B. Ferguson and X.-C. Zhang, "Materials for terahertz science and technology," Nat. Mater. 1, 26-33 (2002). [CrossRef]
  2. Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, "Design and characterization of traveling-wave electrooptic terahertz sensors," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 693-700 (1996). [CrossRef]
  3. A. Schneider, M. Neis, M. Stillhart, B. Ruiz, R. U. A. Khan, and P. Günter, "Generation of terahertz pulses through optical rectification in organic DAST crystals: theory and experiment," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 1822-1835 (2006). [CrossRef]
  4. A. Schneider, M. Stillhart, and P. Günter, "High efficiency generation and detection of terahertz pulses using laser pulses at telecommunication wavelengths," Opt. Express 14, 5376-5384 (2006). [CrossRef]
  5. M. Walther, K. Jensby, S. R. Keiding, H. Takahashi, and H. Ito, "Far-infrared properties of DAST," Opt. Lett. 25, 911-913 (2000). [CrossRef]
  6. M. Stillhart, A. Schneider, and P. Günter, "Optical properties of 4-N,N-dimethylamino-4�??-N�??-methyl 2,4,6-trimethylbenzenesulfonate crystals at terahertz frequencies," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (to be published).
  7. O-P. Kwon, S.-J. Kwon, M. Stillhart, M. Jazbin¡sek, A. Schneider, V. Gramlich, and P. Günter, "New organic nonlinear optical verbenone-based triene crystal for terahertz applications," Cryst. Growth Des. 7, 2517-2521 (2007). [CrossRef]
  8. O-P. Kwon, S.-J. Kwon, M. Jazbinsek, F. D. J. Brunner, J. I. Seo, Ch. Hunziker, A. Schneider, H. Yun, Y. S. Lee, and P. Günter, "Organic phenolic configurationally locked polyene single crystals for electro-optic and terahertz wave applications," Adv. Funct. Mater. (to be published).
  9. Ch. Hunziker, S.-J. Kwon, H. Figi, F. Juvalta, O-P. Kwon, M. Jazbinsek, and P. Günter, "Configurationally locked, phenolic polyene organic crystal OH1: linear and nonlinear optical properties," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (in press).
  10. F. Pan, G. Knöpfle, Ch. Bosshard, S. Follonier, R. Spreiter, M. S. Wong, and P. Günter, "Electro-optic properties of the organic salt 4-N,N-dimethylamino-4�?�-N�?�-methyl stilbazoliumtosylate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 13-15 (1996). [CrossRef]
  11. A. Nahata, A. S. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, "A wideband coherent terahertz spectroscopy system using optical rectification and electro-optic sampling," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2321-2323 (1996). [CrossRef]
  12. A. Schneider, I. Biaggio, and P. Günter, "Terahertz-induced lensing and its use for the detection of terahertz pulses in a birefringent crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2229-2231 (2004). [CrossRef]
  13. M. Fox, Optical properties of solids (Oxford University Press, New York, 2003).
  14. Y. R. Shen, The Principles of Nonlinear Optics (John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1984).
  15. A. Schneider, M. Stillhart, Z. Yang, F. Brunner, and P. Günter, "Improved emission and coherent detection of few-cycle terahertz transients using laser pulses at 1.5 µm," Proc. SPIE 6582, 658211 (2007).
  16. T. R. Sliker and J. M. Jost, "Linear electro-optic effect and refractive indices of cubic ZnTe," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 130-131 (1966).
  17. M. Schall, M. Walther, and P. U. Jepsen, "Fundamental and second-order phonon processes in CdTe and ZnTe," Phys. Rev. B 64, 094301 (2001). [CrossRef]
  18. M. A. Afromowitz, "Refractive index of Ga1.xAlxAs," Solid State Commun. 15, 59-63 (1974). [CrossRef]
  19. M. Nagai, K. Tanaka, H. Ohtake, T. Bessho, T. Sugiura, T. Hirosumi, and M. Yoshida, "Generation and detection of terahertz radiation by electro-optical process in GaAs using 1.56 µm fiber laser pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3974-3976 (2004). [CrossRef]
  20. D. Grischkowsky, S. Keiding, M. van Exter, and Ch. Fattinger, "Far-infrared time-domain spectroscopy with terahertz beams of dielectrics and semiconductors," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 2006-2015 (1990).
  21. N. Suzuki and K. Tada, "Elastooptic and electrooptic properties of GaAs," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 23, 1011-1016 (1984). [CrossRef]
  22. A. Schneider and P. Günter, "Measurement of the terahertz-induced phase shift in electro-optic sampling for an arbitrary biasing phase," Appl. Opt. 45, 6598-6601 (2006). [CrossRef]
  23. J. H. Bechtel and W. L. Smith, "Two-photon absorption in semiconductors with picosecond laser pulses," Phys. Rev. B 13, 3515-3522 (1976). [CrossRef]
  24. L. S. Rothman et al., "The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database," J. Quant. Spectros. Radiat. Transfer 96, 139-204 (2005). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited