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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 16, Iss. 21 — Oct. 13, 2008
  • pp: 16735–16745

Characterization of efficient wavelength conversion by four-wave mixing in sub-micron silicon waveguides

Walid Mathlouthi, Haisheng Rong, and Mario Paniccia  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 21, pp. 16735-16745 (2008)

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We characterize silicon waveguide based wavelength converters using a commercial semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA) based wavelength converter as a benchmark. Conversion efficiency as high as -5.5 dB can be achieved using a 2.5 cm long sub-micron silicon-on-insulator rib waveguide. Comparison with the SOA reveals that silicon offers broader conversion bandwidth, higher OSNR, and negligible channel crosstalk. The impact of two-photon absorption and free carrier absorption on the conversion efficiency and the dependence of the efficiency on the rib waveguide dimensions are investigated theoretically. Using a nonlinear index coefficient of 4×10-14 cm2/W for silicon, we obtain good agreement between simulations and measurements.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.4510) Fiber optics and optical communications : Optical communications
(190.2620) Nonlinear optics : Harmonic generation and mixing
(190.4380) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, four-wave mixing
(230.4320) Optical devices : Nonlinear optical devices
(230.7370) Optical devices : Waveguides
(250.5300) Optoelectronics : Photonic integrated circuits

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

Original Manuscript: August 11, 2008
Revised Manuscript: September 29, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: September 29, 2008
Published: October 6, 2008

Walid Mathlouthi, Haisheng Rong, and Mario Paniccia, "Characterization of efficient wavelength conversion by four-wave mixing in sub-micron silicon waveguides," Opt. Express 16, 16735-16745 (2008)

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