OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 16, Iss. 22 — Oct. 27, 2008
  • pp: 18028–18033

Sublinear and superlinear photoluminescence from Nd doped anodic aluminum oxide templates loaded with Ag nanowires

Zhang-Kai Zhou, Xiong-Rui Su, Xiao-Niu Peng, and Li Zhou  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 22, pp. 18028-18033 (2008)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.16.018028


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1295 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We first time prepared Nd3+ ions doped anodic aluminum oxide (Nd:AAO) templates, reported linear, sublinear and superlinear photoluminescence (PL) from Nd:AAO templates loaded with Ag nanowires in different excitation power regions, in which, the excitation laser with wavelength 805 nm resonantly pumped the population to 4F5/2 states of Nd3+, and the radiative transitions 4F3/24I9/2 of Nd3+ centered at 880 nm. The excitation power dependences of emission polarization ratio and the spectral width were also investigated. The observed nonlinear amplifications of the PL intensity implied strong interaction between randomly-dispersed Nd3+ ions and ordered-arrayed Ag nanowires in AAO templates.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(160.2540) Materials : Fluorescent and luminescent materials
(190.4160) Nonlinear optics : Multiharmonic generation
(240.6680) Optics at surfaces : Surface plasmons

ToC Category:
Materials

History
Original Manuscript: June 30, 2008
Revised Manuscript: October 16, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: October 17, 2008
Published: October 21, 2008

Citation
Zhang-Kai Zhou, Xiong-Rui Su, Xiao-Niu Peng, and Li Zhou, "Sublinear and superlinear photoluminescence from Nd doped anodic aluminum oxide templates loaded with Ag nanowires," Opt. Express 16, 18028-18033 (2008)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-22-18028


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. D. J. Bergman and M. I. Stockman, "Surface plasmon amplification by stimulated emission of radiation: quantum generation of coherent surface plasmons in nanosystems," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 027402 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. D. E. Chang, A. S. Sørensen, E. A. Demler, and M. D. Lukin, "A single-photon transistor using nanoscale surface plasmons," Nat. Phys. 3, 807-812 (2007). [CrossRef]
  3. D. Pacifici, H. J. Lezec, and H. A. Atwater, "All-optical modulation by plasmonic excitation of CdSe quantum dots," Nat. Photon. 1, 402-406 (2007). [CrossRef]
  4. Y. Fedutik, V. V. Temnov, O. Schöps, U. Woggon, and M. V. Artemyev, "Exciton-Plasmon-Photon conversion in plasmonic nanostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 136802 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. D. E. Chang, A. S. Sørensen, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, "Quantum optics with surface plasmons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 053002 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, "Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots," Nature 450, 402-406 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, "Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 257403 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. P. K. Jain, S. Eustis, and M. A. El-Sayed, "Plasmon coupling in nanorod assemblies: optical absorption, discrete dipole approximation simulation, and exciton-coupling Model," J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 18243-18253 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, P. J. Schuck, G. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, "Gap-dependent optical coupling of single "Bowtie" nanoantennas resonant in the visible," Nano Lett. 4, 957-961 (2004). [CrossRef]
  10. A. Sundaramurthy, P. J. Schuck, N. R. Conley, D. P. Fromm, G. S. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, "Toward nanometer-scale optical photolithography: utilizing the near-field of bowtie optical nanoantennas," Nano Lett. 6, 355-360 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. P. Mühlschlegel, H. -J. Eisler, O. J. F. Martin, B. Hecht, and D. W. Pohl, "Resonant optical antennas," Science 308, 1607 -1609 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. Q. Q. Wang, J. B. Han, D. L. Guo, S. Xiao, Y. B. Han, H. M. Gong, and X. W., "Highly efficient avalanche multiphoton luminescence from coupled Au nanowires in the visible region," Nano Lett. 7, 723-728 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. Q. Q. Wang, J. B. Han, H. M. Gong, D. J. Chen, X. J. Zhao, J. Y. Feng, and J. J. Ren, "Linear and nonlinear optical properties of Ag nanowire polarizing glass," Adv. Funct. Mater. 16, 2405-2408 (2006). [CrossRef]
  14. J. B. Han, D. J. Chen, S. Ding, H. J. Zhou, Y. B. Han, G. G. Xiong, and Q. Q. Wang, "Plasmon resonant absorption and third-order optical nonlinearity in Ag-Ti cosputtered composite films," J. Appl. Phys. 99, 023526 (2006). [CrossRef]
  15. C. Louis, S. Roux, G. Ledoux, L. Lemelle, P. Gillet, O. Tillement, P. Perriat, "Gold nano-antennas for increasing luminescence," Adv. Mater. 16, 2163-2166 (2004). [CrossRef]
  16. J. Y. Yan, W. Zhang, S Duan, X. G. Zhao, and A. O. Govorov, "Optical properties of coupled metal-semiconductor and metal-molecule nanocrystal complexes: Role of multipole effects," Phys. Rev. B 77, 165301 (2008). [CrossRef]
  17. M. T. Cheng, S. D. Liu, H. J. Zhou, Z. H. Hao, and Q. Q. Wang, "Coherent exciton-plasmon interaction in the hybrid semiconductor quantum dot and metal nanoparticle complex," Opt. Lett. 32, 2125-2127 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. M. T. Cheng, S. D. Liu, and Q. Q. Wang, "Modulating emission polarization of semiconductor quantum dots through surface plasmon of metal nanorod," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 162107 (2008). [CrossRef]
  19. S. D. Liu, M. T. Cheng, Z. J. Yang, and Q. Q. Wang, "Surface plasmon propagation in a pair of metal nanowires coupled to a nanosized optical emitter," Opt. Lett. 33, 851-853 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. D. E. Chang, A. S. Sørensen, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, "Strong coupling of single emitters to surface plasmons," Phys. Rev. B 76, 035420 (2007). [CrossRef]
  21. J. N. Farahani, D. W. Pohl, H.-J. Eisler, and B. Hecht, "Single quantum dot coupled to a scanning optical antenna: a tunable superemitter," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 017402 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. A. W. Sanders, D. A. Routenberg, B. J. Wiley, Y. Xia, E. R. Dufresne, and M. A. Reed, "Observation of plasmon propagation, redirection, and fan-out in silver nanowires," Nano Lett. 6, 1822-1826 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. R. M. Dickson, and L. A. Lyon, "Unidirectional plasmon propagation in metallic nanowires," J. Phys. Chem. B 104, 6095-6098 (2000). [CrossRef]
  24. J. Takahara, S. Yamagishi, H. Taki, A. Morimoto, and T. Kobayashi, "Guiding of a one-dimensional optical beam with nanometer diameter," Opt. Lett. 22, 475-477 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. V. I. Klimov, A. A. Mikhailovsky, S. Xu, A. Malko, J. A. Hollingsworth, C. A. Leatherdale, H.-J. Eisler, and M. G. Bawendi, "Optical gain and stimulated emission in nanocrystal quantum dots," Science. 290, 314-317 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. W. Zhang, A. O. Govorov and G. W. Bryant, "Semiconductor-metal nanoparticle molecules: hybrid excitons and the nonlinear fano effect," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 146804 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. E. Dulkeith, T. Niedereichholz, T. A. Klar, J. Feldmann, G. von. Plessen, D. I. Gittins, K. S. Mayya, and F. Caruso, "Plasmon emission in photoexcited gold nanoparticles," Phys. Rev. B 70, 205424 (2004). [CrossRef]
  28. K. Imura, T. Nagahara, and H. Okamoto, "Plasmon mode imaging of single gold nanorods," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126, 12730-12731 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. C. Sönnichsen, T. Franzl, T. Wilk, G. von Plessen, J. Feldmann, O. Wilson, and P. Mulvaney, "Drastic reduction of plasmon damping in gold nanorods," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 077402 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. A. Bouhelier, R. Bachelot, G. Lerondel, S. Kostcheev, P. Royer, and G. P. Wiederrecht, "Surface plasmon characteristics of tunable photoluminescence in single gold nanorods," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 267405 (2005). [CrossRef]
  31. V. V. Temnov and U. Woggon, "Superradiance and subradiance in an inhomogeneously broadened ensemble of two-level systems coupled to a low-Q cavity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 243602 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  32. I. E. Protsenko, A. V. Uskov, O. A. Zaimidoroga, V. N. Samoilov, and E. P. O’Reilly, "Dipole nanolaser," Phys. Rev. A 71, 063812 (2005). [CrossRef]
  33. M. Ambati, S. H. Nam, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, X. Zhang, "Observation of stimulated emission of surface plasmon polaritons," Nano Lett. (2008), 10.1021/nl802603r (to be published). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3.
 
Fig. 4.
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited