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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 16, Iss. 22 — Oct. 27, 2008
  • pp: 18230–18240

Pulse-width dependence of optical nonlinearities in As2Se3 chalcogenide glass in the picosecond-to-nanosecond region

Kenta Shinkawa and Kazuhiko Ogusu  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 22, pp. 18230-18240 (2008)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.16.018230


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Abstract

We study the dependence of optical nonlinearities in As2Se3 glass on the incident pulse-width using the Z-scan technique. In this work, 11.5-ns optical pulses from a Nd:YAG laser operating at 1.064 µm were compressed up to 1.6 ns by using stimulated Brillouin scattering in heavy fluorocarbon liquid, where the duration of the compressed pulses depends on the pump energy. Moreover picosecond optical pulses with a 1.053-µm wavelength were utilized for the Z-scan experiments. To investigate the pulse-width dependence of the optical nonlinearities leads to the separation of an ultrafast Kerr nonlinearity and a slow (cumulative) nonlinearity such as a thermal nonlinearity because the magnitude of the cumulative nonlinearity should be proportional to the pulse duration. The experimental results clearly show that both the nonlinear refractive index and the nonlinear absorption coefficient increase linearly with pulse width. The origin of such pulse-width dependence is presumably attributed to photostructural changes inherent in chalcogenide glasses, which are induced not by nonlinear absorption such as two-photon absorption or two-step absorption, but by linear absorption in the weak-absorption region.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(160.2750) Materials : Glass and other amorphous materials
(160.4330) Materials : Nonlinear optical materials
(190.3270) Nonlinear optics : Kerr effect
(190.4400) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, materials
(290.5900) Scattering : Scattering, stimulated Brillouin

ToC Category:
Materials

History
Original Manuscript: September 11, 2008
Revised Manuscript: October 21, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: October 21, 2008
Published: October 22, 2008

Citation
Kenta Shinkawa and Kazuhiko Ogusu, "Pulse-width dependence of optical nonlinearities in As2Se3 chalcogenide glass in the picosecond-to-nanosecond region," Opt. Express 16, 18230-18240 (2008)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-22-18230


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