OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 16, Iss. 23 — Nov. 10, 2008
  • pp: 18557–18564

Measurement of pump-induced transient lensing in a cryogenically-cooled high average power Ti:sapphire amplifier

Thomas A. Planchon, Wafa Amir, Colby Childress, Jeff A. Squier, and Charles G. Durfee  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 23, pp. 18557-18564 (2008)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.16.018557


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (393 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

The transient thermal lensing in a liquid-nitrogren cooled kilohertz multipass amplifier is quantitatively measured with spatially-resolved Fourier transform spectral interferometry. A pump-probe arrangement allows the observation of a polarization-dependent non-thermal component following the fluorescence timescale: additional cooling would not suppress this residual lensing. We also observe a time-dependent thermal component that has a timescale sufficiently fast to indicate that there is cooling between shots even at a repetition rate of 1 kHz. The value of pump-induced lensing would be underestimated when performing time-averaged measurements of pump-induced phase shifts.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.3590) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, titanium
(140.6810) Lasers and laser optics : Thermal effects
(320.7090) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast lasers

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

History
Original Manuscript: July 16, 2008
Revised Manuscript: October 11, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: October 16, 2008
Published: October 27, 2008

Citation
Thomas A. Planchon, Wafa Amir, Colby Childress, Jeff A. Squier, and Charles G. Durfee, "Measurement of pump-induced transient lensing in a cryogenically-cooled high average power Ti:sapphire amplifier," Opt. Express 16, 18557-18564 (2008)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-23-18557


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. J. D. Foster and L. M. Osterink, "Thermal effects in a Nd:YAG laser," J. Appl. Phys. 41, 3656-3663 (1970) [CrossRef]
  2. A. Antonetti, F. Blasco, J.-P. Chambaret, G. Cheriaux, G. Darpentigny, C. Le Blanc, P. Rousseau, S. Ranc, G. Rey, and F. Salin, "A laser system producing 5.10^19 W/cm2 at 10 Hz," Appl. Phys. B 65, 197-204 (1997). [CrossRef]
  3. W. Koechner, Solid-state laser engineering (Springer, 5th edition 1999).
  4. S. Ranc, G. Cheriaux, S. Ferré, J.-P. Rousseau, and J.-P. Chambaret, "Importance of spatial quality of intense femtosecond pulses," Appl. Phys. B 70, S181-S187 (2000).
  5. M. Zavelani-Rossi, F. Lindner, C. Le Blanc, G. Cheriaux, and J.-P. Chambaret, "Control of thermal effects for high-intensity Ti:Sapphire laser chains," Appl. Phys. B 70, S193-S196 (2000).
  6. S. Ito, H. Nagaoka, T. Miura, K. Kobayashi, A. Endo, and K. Torizuka, "Measurement of thermal lensing in a power amplifier of a terawatt Ti:Sapphire laser," Appl. Phys. B 74, 343-347 (2002). [CrossRef]
  7. F. Salin, C. Le Blanc, J. Squier, and C. Barty, "Thermal eigenmode amplifiers for diffraction-limited amplification of ultrashort pulses," Opt. Lett. 23, 718-720 (1998). [CrossRef]
  8. P. A. Schulz, "Liquid-Nitrogen-cooled Ti:Al2O3 Laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1039-1047 (1991). [CrossRef]
  9. S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, G. Mourou, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, "0.2-TW laser system at 1 kHz," Opt. Lett. 22, 1256-1258 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. M. Pittman, S. Ferré, J.-P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, J.-P. Chambaret, and G. Cheriaux, "Design and characterization of a near-diffraction-limited femtosecond 100-TW 10-Hz high-intensity laser system," Appl. Phys. B 74, 529-535 (2002). [CrossRef]
  11. R. Lausten and P. Balling, "Thermal lensing in pulsed laser amplifiers: an analytical model," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 1479-1485 (2003).
  12. J. M. Eichenholz and M. Richardson, "Measurement of Thermal Lensing in Cr3+ -Doped Colquiriites," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 910-919 (1998). [CrossRef]
  13. D. C. Burnham, "Simple measurement of thermal lensing effects in laser rods," Appl. Opt. 9, 1727-1728 (1970). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. R. L. Townsend, C. M. Stickley, and A. D. Maio, "Thermal effects in optically pumped laser rods," Appl. Phys. Lett. 7, 94-96 (1965). [CrossRef]
  15. S. D. Sims, A. Stein, and C. Roth, "Dynamic Optical Path Distortions in Laser Rods," Appl. Opt. 5, 621-626 (1966). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. G. D. Baldwin and E. P. Riedel, "Measurements of dynamic optical distortion in Nd-doped Glass laser rods," J. Appl. Phys. 38, 2726-2738 (1967). [CrossRef]
  17. G. Benedetti-Michelangeli and S. Martellucci, "Optical Distortion in Nd+3 Doped Glass for Repetitive Pumping," Appl. Opt. 8, 1447-1449 (1969). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. H. Eilers, E. Strauss, and W. M. Yen, "Photoelastic effect in Ti3+-doped sapphire," Phys. Rev. B 45, 9604-9610 (1992).
  19. H. Eilers, U. Hömmerich, and Y. M. Yen, "Temperature-dependant beam-deflection spectroscopy of Ti3+ - doped sapphire," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 584-586 (1993).
  20. K. F. Wall, R. L. Aggarwal, M. D. Sciacca, H.J. Zeiger, R. E. Fahey, and A. J. Strauss, "Optically induced nonresonant changes in the refractive index of Ti:Al2O3," Opt. Lett. 14, 180-182 (1989). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. W. Amir, T. A. Planchon, C. G. Durfee, J. A. Squier, P. Gabolde, R. Trebino, and A. Muller, "Simultaneous visualization of spatial and chromatic aberrations by 2D Fourier Transform Spectral Interferometry," Opt. Lett. 31, 2927-2929 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. W. Amir, T. A. Planchon, C. G. Durfee, and J. A. Squier, "Complete characterization of a spatiotemporal pulse shaper with two-dimensional Fourier transform spectral interferometry," Opt. Lett. 32, 939-941 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. W. Amir, C. G. Durfee, D. N. Schafer, E. A. Gibson, L. Kost, E. Przekwas, R. Jimenez, and J. A. Squier, "Linear spatio-temporal characterization of a UV microscope objective for nonlinear imaging and spectroscopy by using two-dimensional spectral interferometry," J. Microsc. 230, 4-8 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. M. Takeda, H. Hina, and S. Kobayashi, "Fourier-transform method of fringe-pattern analysis for computer-based topography and interferometry," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 72, 156-160 (1982). [CrossRef]
  25. P. Albers, E. Stark, and G. Huber, "Continuous-wave laser operation and quantum efficiency of titanium-doped sapphire," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 134-139 (1986).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited