OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 16, Iss. 23 — Nov. 10, 2008
  • pp: 19146–19151

Spectroscopic and lasing performance of Tm3+- doped bulk TZN and TZNG tellurite glasses operating around 1.9 µm

F. Fusari, A. A. Lagatsky, B. Richards, A. Jha, W. Sibbett, and C. T. A. Brown  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 23, pp. 19146-19151 (2008)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (143 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We report spectroscopic and bulk laser performance characteristics for Tm3+-doped tellurite glasses when used as gain media operating around 1.9 µm. Two glass hosts studied are TZN and TZNG and their performances have been compared. In each case, well-characterized cw laser performance was obtained and this has been related to detailed spectroscopic measurements of the important lasing parameters of the laser transitions around 1900 nm when pumped at 793 nm. The maximum output power achieved was 124 mW from the TZNG sample with an associated slope efficiency of 28 % with a tuning range of 135 nm. Efficiency and loss analyses yielded a calculated maximum attainable efficiency of 48 % in Tm3+:TZN compared to 28 % for the TZNG host.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.3070) Lasers and laser optics : Infrared and far-infrared lasers
(140.3380) Lasers and laser optics : Laser materials
(140.3600) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, tunable
(140.5680) Lasers and laser optics : Rare earth and transition metal solid-state lasers
(160.5690) Materials : Rare-earth-doped materials

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

Original Manuscript: October 2, 2008
Revised Manuscript: October 30, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: October 31, 2008
Published: November 4, 2008

F. Fusari, A. A. Lagatsky, B. Richards, A. Jha, W. Sibbett, and C. T. Brown, "Spectroscopic and lasing performance of Tm3+-doped bulk TZN and TZNG tellurite glasses operating around 1.9 μm," Opt. Express 16, 19146-19151 (2008)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. H. C. Ludwig, T. Kruschat, T. Knobloch, H.-O. Teichmann, K. Rostasy and V. Rohde, "First experiences with a 2.0-?m near infrared laser system for neuroendoscopy," Neurosurg. Rev. 30, 195-201 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. A. J. Marks and J. M. H. Teichman, "Lasers in clinical urology: state of the art and new horizons," World J. Urol. 25, 227-233 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. J. L. Doualan, S. Girard, H. Haquin, J. L. Adam and J. Montagne, "Spectroscopic properties and laser emission of Tm doped ZBLAN glass at 1.8 ?m," Opt. Mater. 24, 563-574 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. K. Scholle, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, "Single mode Tm and Tm,Ho:LuAG lasers for LIDAR applications," Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 285-290 (2004). [CrossRef]
  5. N. Coluccelli, G. Galzerano, P. Laporta, F. Cornacchia, D. Parisi, and M. Tonelli, "Tm-doped LiLuF4 crystal for efficient laser action in the wavelength range from 1.82 to 2.06 ?m," Opt. Lett. 32, 2040-2042 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, S. Renard, A. Braud, V. Ménard and R. Moncorgé, "Tm3+:CaF2 for 1.9 ?m laser operation," Opt. Commun. 236, 395-402 (2004). [CrossRef]
  7. A. Godard, "Infrared (2-12 ?m) solid-state laser sources: a review," C. R. Phys. 8, 1100-1128 (2007). [CrossRef]
  8. G. Özen, B. Demirata, M. L. Öveço?lu and A. Genç, "Thermal and optical properties of Tm3+ doped tellurite glasses," Spectrochim. Acta, Part A 57, 273-280 (2001). [CrossRef]
  9. J. S. Wang, E. M. Vogel and E. Snitzer, "Tellurite glass: a new candidate for fiber devices," Opt. Mater. 3, 187-203 (1994). [CrossRef]
  10. D. E. McCumber, "Einstein relations connecting broadband emission and absorption spectra," Phys. Rev. B 136, 954-957 (1964). [CrossRef]
  11. S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, "Infrared Cross - Section Measurements for Crystals Doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619-2630 (1992). [CrossRef]
  12. R. Balda, J. Fernández, S. García-Revilla, and J. M. Fernández-Navarro, "Spectroscopy and concentration quenching of the infrared emissions in Tm3+-doped TeO2-TiO2-Nb2O5 glass," Opt. Express 15, 6750-6761 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. A. Jha, S. Shen and M. Naftaly, "Structural origin of spectral broadening of 1.5-?m emission in Er3+-doped tellurite glasses," Phys. Rev. B 62, 6215-6227 (2000). [CrossRef]
  14. J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase and W. F. Krupke, "Quantum Electronic Properties of the Na3Ga2Li3F12:Cr3+ Laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077-1099 (1988). [CrossRef]
  15. S. D. Jackson, "Cross relaxation and energy transfer upconversion processes relevant to the functioning of 2 ?m Tm3+-doped silica fibre lasers," Opt. Commun. 230, 197-203 (2004). [CrossRef]
  16. R. Adair, L. L. Chase and S. A. Payne, "Nonlinear refractive-index measurements of glasses using three-wave frequency mixing," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 875-881 (1987). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3.
Fig. 4.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited