OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 16, Iss. 23 — Nov. 10, 2008
  • pp: 19297–19303

Inscription of fibre Bragg gratings in non-sensitised fibres using VUV F2 laser radiation

P. E. Dyer, A. M. Johnson, and C. D. Walton  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 23, pp. 19297-19303 (2008)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (695 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We report the inscription of fibre Bragg gratings in non-sensitised SMF 28 and HI 980 fibre by exposure to VUV F2 laser radiation at 157nm. The modulated effective refractive index change Δneff deduced from the shift in the grating reflection peaks was Δneff=2.8×10-4 and 1.7×10-4 in SMF 28 and HI 980 fibre respectively. The possible influence of non-uniformity of core exposure and VUV cladding absorption loss on these results is discussed.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.4130) Lasers and laser optics : Molecular gas lasers
(060.3735) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber Bragg gratings

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

Original Manuscript: June 23, 2008
Revised Manuscript: September 10, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: September 10, 2008
Published: November 7, 2008

P. E. Dyer, A. M. Johnson, and C. D. Walton, "Inscription of fibre Bragg gratings in non-sensitised fibres using VUV F2 laser radiation," Opt. Express 16, 19297-19303 (2008)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. G. Meltz, W. W. Morey, and W. H. Glenn, "Formation of bragg gratings in optical fibers by a transverse holographic method," Opt. Lett. 14,823-825 (1989). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. S. J. Mihailov, C. W. Smelser, D. Grobnic, R. B. Walker, P. Lu, H. Ding, and J. Unruh, "Multiple-beam interference patterns in optical fiber generated with ultrafast pulses and a phase mask," J. Lightwave Technol. 22,94-100 (2004). [CrossRef]
  3. K. A. Zagorul’ko, P. G. Kryukov, E. M. Dianov, A. Dragomir, and D. N. Nikogosyan, "Inscription of fiber Bragg gratings by ultraviolet femtosecond radiation," Quantum Electron 33,728-730 (2003).
  4. S. J. Mihailov, C. W. Smelser, P. Lu, R. B. Walker, D. Grobnic, H. Ding, and J. Unruh, "Fiber Bragg gratings made with a phase mask and 800-nmfemtosecond radiation," Opt. Lett. 28,995-997 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. S. R. Baker, H. N. Rourke, V. Baker, and D. Goodchild, "Thermal decay of fiber Bragg gratings written in boron and germanium codoped silica fiber," J. Lightwave Technol. 15,1470-1477 (1997). [CrossRef]
  6. H. J. Booth, E. K. Illy, M. R. H. Knowles, G. T. Purves, A. J. Kearsley, Proc. ICALEO, Orlando, M203 (2001).
  7. K. O. Hill, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and J. Albert, "Bragg gratings fabricated in monomode photosensitive optical fiber by uv exposure through a phase mask," Appl. Phys. Lett. 62,1035-1037 (1993). [CrossRef]
  8. J. Albert, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, K. O. Hill, Y. Hibino, and M. Kawachi, "Photosensitivity in Ge-doped silica optical wave-guides and fibers with 193-nm light from an ArF excimer-laser," Opt. Lett. 19,387-389 (1994). [PubMed]
  9. K. P. Chen, P. R. Herman, and R. Tam, "157-nm F2 laser photosensitivity and photosensitization in optical fibres," in Bragg Grating, Photosensitivity and Poling in Glass Waveguides, OSA Tech Digest July (2001).
  10. P. R. Herman, K. P. Chen, S. Ng, J. Zhang, D. Coric, P. Corkum, M. Mehendale, A. Naumov, and D. Rayner, "Photosensitivity in glasses: comparing ultrafast lasers with vacuum-ultraviolet lasers," OSA TOPS 56, Conf. on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Tech Digest p490 (2001).
  11. K. P. Chen, P. R. Herman, R. Tam, and J. Zhang, "Rapid long-period grating formation in hydrogen-loaded fibre with 157 nm F2 laser radiation," Electron. Lett. 36,2000-2001 (2000). [CrossRef]
  12. K. P. Chen and P. R. Herman, "Enhancement and tuning of fibre Bragg grating reflection by 157 nm F-2-laser post exposure," Electron Lett 37,822-823 (2001). [CrossRef]
  13. K. P. Chen and P. R. Herman, "Strong 157 nm F2 laser photosensitivity-locking of hydrogen-loaded telecommunication fibre for 248 nm fabrication of long-period gratings," Electron Lett. 38,17-19 (2002). [CrossRef]
  14. Y-J. Rao, Z-L. Ran, X Liao, and H-Y. Deng, "Hybrid LPFG / MEFPI sensor for simultaneous measurement of high-temperature and strain," Opt. Exp. 15,14936-14941 (2007). [CrossRef]
  15. P. R. Herman, K. Beckley, B. Jackson, K. Korosawa, D. Moore, T. Yaminishi, and J. Yang, "Processing applications with the 157-nm fluorine excimer laser," Proc, SPIE 2992,86-95 (1997). [CrossRef]
  16. P. E. Dyer, A-M. Johnson, S. M. Maswadi and C. D. Walton, "F2 laser applications for machining optoelectronic microstructures," Proc. SPIE 4941,84-93 (2003). [CrossRef]
  17. E. G. Chen157-nm radiation-induced Bragg gratings in silica optical waveguides M.A.Sc, University of Toronto 2003 (http://proquest.umi.com/login).
  18. A. M. Johnson, Refractive Index Modification and the Inscription of Fibre Bragg Gratings using 157nm Laser Light, PhD Thesis University of Hull 2005 (www.fbg157nm.com).
  19. P. E. Dyer, A-M. Johnson, H. V. Snelling, and C. D. Walton, "Measurement of 157 nm F2 laser heating of silica fibre using an in situ fibre Bragg grating," J. Phys D 34,L109-112 (2001). [CrossRef]
  20. C. J. Sansonetti, J. Reader and K. Vogler, "Precision measurement of wavelengths emitted by a molecular fluorine laser at 157 nm," Appl. Opt. 40,1974-1978 (2001). [CrossRef]
  21. M. Livitiis and S Pissadakis "Bragg grating recording in low defect optical fibers using ultraviolet femtosecond radiation and a double-phase mask interferometer," Opt. Letts. 33,1449-51 (2008). [CrossRef]
  22. A. Othonos and K. Kalli, Fiber Bragg Gratings, (Artech House, Boston, 1999) p 97.
  23. P. E. Dyer, R. J. Farley and R. Giedl, "Analysis of grating formation with excimer-laser irradiated phase masks," Opt. Commun. 115,327-334 (1995). [CrossRef]
  24. C. M. Smith and N F Borrelli "Behaviour of 157nm excimer-laser-induced refractive index changes in silica" J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 1815-1821 (2006). [CrossRef]
  25. B. Malo, J Albert, K. O. Hill, F Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and S. Theriault, "Enhanced photosensitivity in lightly doped standard telecommunication fiber exposed to high fluence arf excimer-laser light," Electron Lett 31,879-880 (1995). [CrossRef]
  26. J. Albert, M. Fokine, and W. Margulis, "Grating formation in pure silica-core fibers," Opt. Lett. 27,809-811 (2002). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3.
Fig. 4.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited