OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 16, Iss. 23 — Nov. 10, 2008
  • pp: 19375–19381

Photonic crystal fiber with a dual-frequency addressable liquid crystal: behavior in the visible wavelength range

A. Lorenz, H.-S. Kitzerow, A. Schwuchow, J. Kobelke, and H. Bartelt  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 23, pp. 19375-19381 (2008)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.16.019375


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (378 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Wave-guiding in the visible spectral range is investigated for a micro-structured crystal fiber filled with a dual-frequency addressable nematic liquid crystal mixture. The fiber exhibits a solid core surrounded by just 4 rings of cylindrical holes. Control of the liquid crystal alignment by anchoring agents permits relatively low attenuation. Samples with different anchoring conditions at the interface of the silica glass and the liquid crystal show different transmission properties and switching behavior. Polarization dependent and independent fiber optic switching is observed. Due to a dual-frequency addressing scheme, active switching to both states with enhanced and reduced transmission becomes possible for planar anchoring. Even a non-perfect fiber shows reasonable transmission and a variety of interesting effects.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(160.3710) Materials : Liquid crystals
(230.3990) Optical devices : Micro-optical devices
(230.7370) Optical devices : Waveguides
(260.1440) Physical optics : Birefringence
(060.5295) Fiber optics and optical communications : Photonic crystal fibers

ToC Category:
Photonic Crystal Fibers

History
Original Manuscript: September 12, 2008
Revised Manuscript: October 13, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: October 14, 2008
Published: November 7, 2008

Citation
A. Lorenz, H.-S. Kitzerow, A. Schwuchow, J. Kobelke, and H. Bartelt, "Photonic crystal fiber with a dual-frequency addressable liquid crystal: behavior in the visible wavelength range," Opt. Express 16, 19375-19381 (2008)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-23-19375


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. P. St. J. Russell, "Photonic Crystal Fibers," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4729-4749 (2006). [CrossRef]
  2. A. Bjarklev, J. Broeng, and A. S. Bjarklev, Photonic Crystal Fibers (Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston MA, 2003). [CrossRef]
  3. L. Scolari, T. T. Alkeskjold, J. Riishede, and A. Bjarklev, "Continuously tunable devices based on electrical control of dual-frequency liquid crystal filled photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Express 13, 7483-7496 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. F. M. Cox, A. Argyros, and M. C. J. Large, "Liquid-filled hollow core microstructured polymer optical fiber," Opt. Express 14, 4135-4140 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. T. T. Alkeskjold, J. Lægsgaard, A. Bjarklev, D. S. Hermann, J. Broeng, J. Li, S. Gauza, and S.-T. Wu, "Highly tunable large-core single-mode liquid-crystal photonic bandgap fiber," Appl. Opt. 45, 2261-2264 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. M. W. Haakestad, T. T. Alkeskjold, M. D. Nielsen, L. Scolari, J. Riishede, H. E. Engan, and A. Bjarklev, "Electrically tunable photonic bandgap guidance in a liquid-crystal-filled photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 819-821 (2005). [CrossRef]
  7. H. Matthias, A. Lorenz, and H.-S. Kitzerow, "Tuneable photonic crystals obtained by liquid crystal infiltration," Phys. Status Solidi A 11, 3754-3767 (2007).
  8. T. R. Wolinski, K. Szaniawska, S. Ertman, P. Lesiak, A. W. Domanski, R. Dabrowski, E. Nowinowski-Kruszelnicki, and J. Wojcik, "Influence of temperature and electrical fields on propagation properties of photonic liquid-crystal fibres," Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 985-991 (2006). [CrossRef]
  9. H. K. Bücher, R. T. Klingbiel, and J. P. VanMeter: "Frequency-addressed liquid crystal field effect," Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 186-188 (1974). [CrossRef]
  10. M. Schadt, "Low-Frequency Dielectric Relaxations in Nematics and Dual-Frequency Addressing of Field Effects," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 89, 77-92 (1982). [CrossRef]
  11. N. M. Litchinitser, S. C. Dunn, B. Usner, B. J. Eggleton, T. P. White, R. C. McPhedran, and C. M. de Sterke, "Resonances in microstructured optical waveguides," Opt. Express 11, 1243-1251 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. T. P. White, R. C. McPhedran, C. M. de Sterke, N. M. Litchinitser, and B. J. Eggelton, "Resonance and Scattering in microstructured optical fibers," Opt. Lett. 27, 1977-1979 (2002). [CrossRef]
  13. H. Bartelt, J. Kirchhof, J. Kobelke, K. Schuster, A. Schwuchow, K. Mörl, U. Röpke, J. Leppert, H. Lehmann, S. Smolka, M. Barth, O. Benson, T. Taccheo, and C. D’Andrea: "Preparation and application of functionalized photonic crystal fibres," Phys. Status Solidi A 204, 3805-3821 (2007). [CrossRef]
  14. G. P. Crawford, J. A. Mitcheltree, E. P. Boyko, W. Fritz, S. Zumer, and J. W. Doane, "K33/K11 determination in nematic liquid crystals: An optical birefringence technique," Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 3226-3228 (1992). [CrossRef]
  15. S. Kralj and S. Žumer, "The stability diagram of a nematic liquid crystal confined to a cylindrical cavity," Liq. Cryst. 15, 521-527 (1993). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited