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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 16, Iss. 25 — Dec. 8, 2008
  • pp: 20908–20919

Squeezed state generation in photonic crystal microcavities

M. G. Banaee and Jeff F. Young  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 25, pp. 20908-20919 (2008)

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The feasibility of using a parametric down-conversion process to generate squeezed electromagnetic states in three dimensional photonic crystal microcavity structures is investigated for the first time. The spectrum of the squeezed light is theoretically calculated by using an open cavity quantum mechanical formalism. The cavity communicates with two main channels, which model vertical radiation losses and coupling into a single-mode waveguide respectively. The amount of squeezing is determined by the correlation functions relating the field quadratures of light coupled into the waveguide. All of the relevant model parameters are realistically estimated for structures made in Al0.3Ga0.7As, using finite-difference time-domain simulations. Squeezing up to ~30% below the shot noise level is predicted for 10 mW average power, 80 MHz repetition, 500 ps excitation pulses using in a [111] oriented wafer.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(190.4410) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, parametric processes
(270.6570) Quantum optics : Squeezed states
(160.5298) Materials : Photonic crystals

ToC Category:
Quantum Optics

Original Manuscript: September 23, 2008
Revised Manuscript: November 12, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: November 28, 2008
Published: December 3, 2008

M. G. Banaee and Jeff F. Young, "Squeezed state generation in photonic crystal microcavities," Opt. Express 16, 20908-20919 (2008)

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