OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 16, Iss. 25 — Dec. 8, 2008
  • pp: 21039–21052

Numerical prediction of minimum sub-diffraction-limit image generated by silver surface plasmon lenses

Masafumi Fujii, Wolfgang Freude, and Juerg Leuthold  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 25, pp. 21039-21052 (2008)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1895 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Sub-diffraction-limit imaging by the surface plasmon polariton (SPP) induced in thin metal film lenses has been analyzed numerically. The SPP images are deteriorated by interference of plasmon fields in layered metal-dielectric structures. To obtain a clear imaging capability, the reflection and the transmission property of evanescent waves in the layered structures has been investigated by the finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method. For verification, a full 3-dimensional analysis of large-scale layered structures demonstrated sub-wavelength images similar to those obtained in the recently reported experiments. The analysis has been extended further to a lithography of nano-scale images to predict the minimum possible size of the images resolved by the silver thin film lenses.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(220.3740) Optical design and fabrication : Lithography
(240.6680) Optics at surfaces : Surface plasmons
(240.6690) Optics at surfaces : Surface waves
(160.3918) Materials : Metamaterials

ToC Category:
Optics at Surfaces

Original Manuscript: October 13, 2008
Revised Manuscript: November 11, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: November 21, 2008
Published: December 4, 2008

Masafumi Fujii, Wolfgang Freude, and Juerg Leuthold, "Numerical prediction of minimum sub-diffraction-limit image generated by silver surface plasmon lenses," Opt. Express 16, 21039-21052 (2008)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. J. B. Pendry, "Negative Refraction Makes a Perfect Lens," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3966-3969 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Sub-diffraction-Limited Optical Imaging with a Silver Superlens," Science 308, 534-537 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. D. O. S. Melville and R. J. Blaikie, "Super-resolution imaging through a planar silver layer," Opt. Express 13, 2127-2134 (2005). [CrossRef]
  4. T. Taubner, D. Korobkin, Y. Urzhumov, G. Shvets, and R. Hillenbrand, "Near-field microscopy through a SiC superlens," Science 313, 1595 (2006). [CrossRef]
  5. B. Wood, J. B. Pendry, and D. P. Tsai, "Directed subwavelength imaging using a layered metal-dielectric system," Phys. Rev. B 74, 115,116 (2006). [CrossRef]
  6. T. Xu, Y. Zhao, J. Ma, C. Wang, J. Cui, C. Du, and X. Luo, "Sub-diffraction-limited interference photo lithography with metamaterials," Opt. Express 16, 13,579-13,584 (2008).
  7. A. D. Rakić, A. B. Djurisić, J. M. Dlazar, and M. L. Majewski, "Optical properties of metallic films for verticalcavity optoelectronic devices," Appl. Opt. 37, 5271-5283 (1998).
  8. A. Taflove and S. C. Hagness, Computational electrodynamics: the finite-difference time-domain method, 3rd ed. (Artech House, 2005) Chap. 9, pp. 361-383.
  9. D. B. Shao and S. C. Chen, "Numerical simulation of surface-plasmon-assisted nanolithography," Opt. Express 13, 6964-6973 (2005). [CrossRef]
  10. P. A. Belov and Y. Hao, "Subwavelength imaging at optical frequencies using a transmission device formed by a periodic layered metal-dielectric structure operating in the canalization regime," Phys. Rev. B 73, 113,110 (2006). [CrossRef]
  11. H. Raether, Surface plasmons on smooth and rough surfaces and on gratings (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988).
  12. M. Fujii and P. Russer, "A Nonlinear and Dispersive APML ABC for the FD-TD Methods," IEEE Microw. Compon. Lett. 12, 444-446 (2002). [CrossRef]
  13. N. Fang, Z. Liu, T.-J. Yen, and X. Zhang, "Regenerating evanescent waves from a silver superlens," Opt. Express 11, 682-687 (2003). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited