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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 16, Iss. 26 — Dec. 22, 2008
  • pp: 21170–21183

Simulation of an oil immersion objective lens: A simplified ray-optics model considering Abbe’s sine condition

Sun-Uk Hwang and Yong-Gu Lee  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 26, pp. 21170-21183 (2008)

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In this paper, a simplified mathematical ray-optics model for an oil immersion objective lens, considering Abbe’s sine condition, is presented. Based on the given parameters of the objective lens, the proposed model utilizes an approach based on a paraxial thin lens formulation. This is done to simplify the complexity of the objective lens by avoiding the consideration of many lens elements inside a single objective lens. To demonstrate the performance of the proposed model, comparisons with exact ray tracing method, based on the specification of real objective lens, are presented in terms of several different criteria including the variation of shape of the light cone, the extent of vignetting and the focus displacement. From the exemplary simulations, it was demonstrated that the proposed model can describe the focusing of light through the objective lens precisely, even when the incident beam rotates.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(080.1753) Geometric optics : Computation methods
(350.4855) Other areas of optics : Optical tweezers or optical manipulation

ToC Category:
Geometric optics

Original Manuscript: September 12, 2008
Revised Manuscript: November 28, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: December 4, 2008
Published: December 8, 2008

Sun-Uk Hwang and Yong-Gu Lee, "Simulation of an oil immersion objective lens: a simplified ray-optics model considering Abbe’s sine condition," Opt. Express 16, 21170-21183 (2008)

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