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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 16, Iss. 26 — Dec. 22, 2008
  • pp: 21239–21247

Study of spectral and annealing properties of fiber Bragg gratings written in H2-free and H2-loaded fibers by use of femtosecond laser pulses

Yuhua Li, C. R. Liao, D. N. Wang, T. Sun, and K. T. V. Grattan  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 26, pp. 21239-21247 (2008)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.16.021239


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Abstract

The spectral and annealing properties of a series of fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) written in both H2-loaded and H2-free fibers by use of 800nm femtosecond laser pulse irradiation and created through a phase mask, have been investigated. It is found that type II FBGs inscribed in H2-loaded fibers exhibit superior spectral quality when compared with those written in H2-free fibers. Isochronal annealing tests shows that type II FBGs written in H2-free fibers have the highest thermal stability, followed (in order of stability) by H2-loaded type II, H2-free type I and then H2-loaded type I FBGs. The thermal stability of the H2-loaded type II FBGs can effectively be increased by using a high temperature pre-annealing treatment. After the treatment, type II FBGs written into both H2-free and H2-loaded fibers can sustain long-term annealing (for more than 12 hours) at temperatures of more than 1000 °C while their high reflectivities can still be maintained. This demonstrates the real potential of the FBGs developed and investigated in this work to be used as the ideal sensing elements for a series of high temperature measurement applications.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.7090) Lasers and laser optics : Ultrafast lasers
(320.7140) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast processes in fibers
(350.3390) Other areas of optics : Laser materials processing
(060.3735) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber Bragg gratings

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

History
Original Manuscript: October 22, 2008
Revised Manuscript: December 4, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: December 4, 2008
Published: December 9, 2008

Citation
Yuhua Li, C. R. Liao, D. N. Wang, T. Sun, and K. T. V. Grattan, "Study of spectral and annealing properties of fiber Bragg gratings written in H2-free and H2- loaded fibers by use of femtosecond laser pulses," Opt. Express 16, 21239-21247 (2008)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-26-21239


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