OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 16, Iss. 26 — Dec. 22, 2008
  • pp: 21522–21528

Reduction of patterning effects in SOA-based wavelength converters by combining cross-gain and cross-absorption modulation

Enbo Zhou, Filip Öhman, Cheng Cheng, Xinliang Zhang, Wei Hong, Jesper Mørk, and Dexiu Huang  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 26, pp. 21522-21528 (2008)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (429 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



A scheme for mitigating patterning effects in wavelength conversion by using a concatenated semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA) and electroabsorption modulator (EAM) is proposed. The optimization of the parameters of the semiconductor devices and receiver electronics is theoretically investigated. The bit error ratio (BER) of the output signals in both the co-propagating and the counter-propagating configurations is quantitatively evaluated. The simulation results indicate that the patterning effect in wavelength conversion due to the slow recovery of the carrier density in the SOA can be well compensated by a concatenated EAM. The simulation results are confirmed by preliminary pump-probe experiment using a 10Gb/s clock pulse train.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(230.4320) Optical devices : Nonlinear optical devices
(250.5980) Optoelectronics : Semiconductor optical amplifiers
(230.7405) Optical devices : Wavelength conversion devices

ToC Category:
Optical Devices

Original Manuscript: September 16, 2008
Revised Manuscript: November 11, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: November 19, 2008
Published: December 15, 2008

Enbo Zhou, Filip Öhman, Cheng Cheng, Xinliang Zhang, Wei Hong, Jesper Mørk, and Dexiu Huang, "Reduction of patterning effects in SOA-based wavelength converters by combining cross-gain and cross-absorption modulation," Opt. Express 16, 21522-21528 (2008)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. K. Inoue, "Technique to compensate waveform distortion in a gain-saturated semiconductor optical amplifier using a semiconductor saturable absorber," Electron. Lett. 34, 376-378 (1998). [CrossRef]
  2. T. Vivero, N. Calabretta, I. T. Monroy, G. CarvalhoKassar, F. Öhman, K. Yvind, A. Gonzalez-Marcos, and J. Mørk, "10 Gb/s-NRZ Optical 2R-Regeneration in Two-Section SOA-EA Chip," in Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, 2007. LEOS 2007. The 20th Annual Meeting of the IEEE, 806-807 (2007).
  3. F. Öhman and J. Mørk, "Modeling of bit error rate in cascaded 2R regenerators," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 1057-1063 (2006). [CrossRef]
  4. F. Öhman, R. Kjær, L. J. Christiansen, K. Yvind, and J. Mørk, "Steep and Adjustable Transfer Functions of Monolithic SOA-EA 2R Regenerators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., 18, 1067C1069 (2006). [CrossRef]
  5. P. L. Hansen, M. V. Poel, K. Yvind, and J. Mørk, "Experimental Observation of Pulse Delay and Speed-up in Cascaded QuantumWell Gain and Absorber Media," in Slow and Fast Light, (Optical Society of America, 2008), JMB11.
  6. M. J. R. Heck, A. J. M. Bente, Y. Barbarin, D. Lenstra, and M. K. Smit, "Monolithic Semiconductor Waveguide Device Concept for Picosecond Pulse Amplification, Isolation, and Spectral Shaping," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 910-922 (2007). [CrossRef]
  7. M. J. R. Heck, E. A. J. M. Bente, Y. Barbarin, A. Fryda, J. Hyun-Do, O. Yok-Siang, R. Notzel, D. Lenstra, and M. K. Smit, "Characterization of a Monolithic Concatenated SOA/SA Waveguide Device for Picosecond Pulse Amplification and Shaping," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 360-369 (2008). [CrossRef]
  8. R. J. Manning, X. Yang, R. P. Webb, R. Giller, F. C. Garcia Gunning, and A. D. Ellis, "The turbo-switch -a novel technique to increase the high-speed response of SOAs for wavelength conversion," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2006 and the 2006 National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference. OFC 2006, (2006).
  9. A. Mecozzi and J. Mørk, "Saturation induced by picosecond pulses in semiconductor optical amplifiers " J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 761 (1997). [CrossRef]
  10. A. Uskov, J. Mørk, and J. Mark, "Theory of short-pulse gain saturation in semiconductor laser amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 443-446 (1992). [CrossRef]
  11. J. Mørk and J. Mark, "Time-resolved spectroscopy of semiconductor laser devices: experiments and modeling," Proceedings of SPIE.Physics and Simulation of Optoelectronic Devices III, Marek Osinski, Weng W. Chow, Editors 2399, 146-159 (1995).
  12. M. L. Nielsen, J. Mørk, R. Suzuki, J. Sakaguchi, and Y. Ueno, "Experimental and theoretical investigation of the impact of ultra-fast carrier dynamics on high-speed SOA-based all-optical switches," Opt. Express 14, 331-347 (2006). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-1-331 [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. Francis Romstad, "Absorption and refractive index dynamics in waveguide semiconductor electroabsorbers," PhD thesis, Research Center COM, Technical University of Denmark, Denmark, 84-86 (2002).
  14. J. R. Karin, R. J. Helkey, D. J. Derickson, R. Nagarajan, D. S. Allin, J. E. Bowers, and R. L. Thornton, "Ultrafast dynamics in field-enhanced saturable absorbers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 676-678 (1994). [CrossRef]
  15. S. Højfeldt, S. Bischoff, and J. Mørk, "All-optical wavelength conversion and signal regeneration using an electroabsorption modulator," J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1121-1127 (2000). [CrossRef]
  16. J. Mørk, R. Kjær, M. van der Poel, and K. Yvind, "Slow light in a semiconductor waveguide at gigahertz frequencies," Opt. Express 13, 8136-8145 (2005). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-20-8136 [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. F. Öhman, K. Yvind, and J. Mørk, "Voltage-controlled slow light in an integrated semiconductor structure with net gain," Opt. Express 14, 9955-9962 (2006). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-21-9955 [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. M. Pauer, P. J. Winter, and W. R. Leeb, "Bit error probability reduction in direct detection optical receivers using RZ coding," J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 1255-1262 (2001). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3.
Fig. 4.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited