OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 16, Iss. 3 — Feb. 4, 2008
  • pp: 1945–1950

Fiber strain sensor based on a π-phase-shifted Bragg grating and the Pound-Drever-Hall technique

D. Gatti, G. Galzerano, D. Janner, S. Longhi, and P. Laporta  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 3, pp. 1945-1950 (2008)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.16.001945


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (214 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

A fiber strain sensor based on a π-phase-shifted Bragg grating and an extended cavity diode laser is proposed. Locking the laser frequency to grating resonance by the Pound-Drever-Hall technique results in a strain power spectral density Sε(f)=(3×10−19f−1+2.6×10−23)ε2/Hz in the Fourier frequency range from 1 kHz to 10 MHz (ε being the applied strain), corresponding to a minimum sensitivity of 5 pεHz−1/2 for frequencies larger than 100 kHz.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2370) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics sensors
(120.0280) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Remote sensing and sensors
(120.5050) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Phase measurement
(140.3425) Lasers and laser optics : Laser stabilization
(060.3735) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber Bragg gratings

ToC Category:
Instrumentation, Measurement, and Metrology

History
Original Manuscript: November 12, 2007
Revised Manuscript: January 3, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: January 5, 2008
Published: January 28, 2008

Citation
D. Gatti, G. Galzerano, D. Janner, S. Longhi, and P. Laporta, "Fiber strain sensor based on a π-phase-shifted Bragg grating and the Pound-Drever-Hall technique," Opt. Express 16, 1945-1950 (2008)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-3-1945


Sort:  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. A. Othenos and K. Kalli, Fiber Bragg grating: Fundamental and applications in telecommunications and sensing. Norwood: Artech House, 1999.
  2. Y. J. Rao and S. Huang, "Applications of fiber optic sensors," in Fiber Optic Sensors, F. T. S. Yu and S. Yin eds. Marcel Dekker, New York, Basel, 2002.
  3. N. E. Fisher, D. J. Webb, C. N. Pannell, D. A. Jackson, L. R. Gavrilov, J. W. Hand, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, "Ultrasonic Hydrophone Based on Short In-Fiber Bragg Gratings, " Appl. Opt. 37,8120-8128 (1998). [CrossRef]
  4. A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, "Fiber grating sensors," J. Lightwave Technol. 15,1442-1463 (1997). [CrossRef]
  5. P. Ferraro and P. De Natale, "On the possible use of optical fiber Bragg gratings as strain sensors for geodynamical monitoring," Opt. Laser Eng. 37,115-130 (2002). [CrossRef]
  6. J. H. Chow, I. C. M. Littler, G. de Vine, D. E. McClelland, and M. B. Gray, "Phase-sensitive interrogation of fiber Bragg grating resonators for sensing applications," J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 1881-1886 (2005). [CrossRef]
  7. J. H. Chow, D. E. McClelland, M. B. Gray, and I. C. M. Littler, "Demonstration of a passive subpicostrain fiber strain sensor," Opt. Lett. 30, 1923-1925 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. M. LeBlanc, A. D. Kersey, and T. E. Tsai, "Sub-nanostrain strain measurements using a π-phase shifted grating," in Optical Fiber Sensors, vol. 16 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1997), 28-30.
  9. M. LeBlanc, S. T. Vohra, T. E. Tsai, and E. J. Friebele, "Transverse load sensing by use of pi-phase-shifted fiber Bragg gratings," Opt. Lett. 24, 1091-1093 (1999). [CrossRef]
  10. A. M. Gillooly, H. Dobb, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, "Distributed load sensor by use of a chirped Moir fiber Bragg grating," Appl. Opt. 43,6454-6457 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. S. C. Tjin, L. Mohanty, and N. Q. Ngo, "Pressure sensing with embedded chirped fiber grating," Opt. Commun. 216,115-118 (2003). [CrossRef]
  12. X. W. Shu, K. Chisholm, I. Felmeri, K. Sugden, A. Gillooly, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, "Highly sensitive transverse load sensing with reversible sampled fiber Bragg gratings," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83,3003-3005 (2003). [CrossRef]
  13. R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalsky, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, "Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator," Appl. Phys. B 31,97-105 (1983). [CrossRef]
  14. A. Asseh, H. Storoy, B. E. Sahlgren, S. Sandgren, and R. A. H. Stubbe, "A writing technique for long fibre Bragg gratings with complex reflectivity profiles," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1419-1423 (1997). [CrossRef]
  15. S. Longhi, D. Janner, G. Galzerano, G. Della Valle, D. Gatti, and P. Laporta, "Optical buffering in phase-shifted fiber gratings" Electron. Lett. 41,1075-1076 (2005). [CrossRef]
  16. D. S. Elliott, R. Roy, and S. J. Smith "Extracavity laser band-shape and bandwidth modification," Phys. Rev. A 26,12-26 (1982). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3.
 
Fig. 4.
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited