OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 16, Iss. 3 — Feb. 4, 2008
  • pp: 2206–2220

Temporal analysis of laser beam propagation in the atmosphere using computer-generated long phase screens

Federico Dios, Jaume Recolons, Alejandro Rodríguez, and Oscar Batet  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 3, pp. 2206-2220 (2008)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.16.002206


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (2043 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Temporal analysis of the irradiance at the detector plane is intended as the first step in the study of the mean fade time in a free optical communication system. In the present work this analysis has been performed for a Gaussian laser beam propagating in the atmospheric turbulence by means of computer simulation. To this end, we have adapted a previously known numerical method to the generation of long phase screens. The screens are displaced in a transverse direction as the wave is propagated, in order to simulate the wind effect. The amplitude of the temporal covariance and its power spectrum have been obtained at the optical axis, at the beam centroid and at a certain distance from these two points. Results have been worked out for weak, moderate and strong turbulence regimes and when possible they have been compared with theoretical models. These results show a significant contribution of beam wander to the temporal behaviour of the irradiance, even in the case of weak turbulence. We have also found that the spectral bandwidth of the covariance is hardly dependent on the Rytov variance.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(010.1300) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Atmospheric propagation
(010.1330) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Atmospheric turbulence

ToC Category:
Atmospheric and Oceanic Optics

History
Original Manuscript: October 4, 2007
Revised Manuscript: December 17, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: December 19, 2007
Published: February 1, 2008

Citation
Federico Dios, Jaume Recolons, Alejandro Rodríguez, and Oscar Batet, "Temporal analysis of laser beam propagation in the atmosphere using computer-generated long phase screens," Opt. Express 16, 2206-2220 (2008)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-3-2206


Sort:  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. V. I. Tatarskii, Wave Propagation in a Turbulent Medium, (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1961)
  2. R. S. Lawrence and J. W. Strohbehn, "A survey of clear-air propagation effects relevant to optical communications," Proc. IEEE 58, 1523-1545 (1970) [CrossRef]
  3. S. F. Clifford, "Temporal-frequency spectra for a spherical wave propagating through atmospheric turbulence," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61, 1285-1292 (1971) [CrossRef]
  4. A. Ishimaru, "Fluctuations of a focused beam wave for atmospheric turbulence probing," Proc. IEEE 57, 407-414 (1969) [CrossRef]
  5. J. D. Shelton, "Turbulence-induced scintillation on Gaussian-beam waves: theoretical predictions and observations from a laser-illuminated satellite," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 12, 2172-2181 (1995) [CrossRef]
  6. L. C. Andrews and R. L. Phillips, Laser Beam Propagation through Random Media, 2nd ed. (SPIE Press, Washington, 2005) [CrossRef]
  7. H. R. Anderson, Fixed Broadband Wireless. System Design, (Wiley & Sons, West Sussex, England, 2003) [CrossRef]
  8. X. Zhu and J. M. Kahn, "Markov chain model in maximum-likelihood sequence detection for free-space optical communication through atmospheric turbulence channels," IEEE Trans. Commun. 51, 509-516 (2003) [CrossRef]
  9. X. Zhu, J. M. Kahn and J. Wang, "Mitigation of turbulence-induced scintillation noise in free-space optical links using temporal-domain detection techniques," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 623-625 (2003) [CrossRef]
  10. B. Hamzeh and M. Kavehrad, "OCDMA-coded free-space optical links for wireless optical-mesh networks," IEEE Trans. Commun. 52, 2165-2174 (2004) [CrossRef]
  11. F. Dios, J. A. Rubio, A. Rodriguez and A. Comeron, "Scintillation and beam-wander analysis in an optical ground station-satellite uplink," Appl. Opt. 43, 3866-3873 (2004) [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. G. J. Baker and R. S. Benson, "Gaussian beam scintillation on ground to space paths: the importance of beam wander," Proc. SPIE 5550, 225-235 (2004) [CrossRef]
  13. G. J. Baker and R. S. Benson, "Gaussian-beam weak scintillation on ground-to-space paths: compact descriptions and Rytov-method applicability," Opt. Eng. 44, 106002 1-10 (2005) [CrossRef]
  14. L. C. Andrews, R. L. Phillips, R. J. Sasiela and R.R. Parenti, "Strehl ratio and scintillation theory for uplink Gaussian-beam waves: beam wander effects," Opt. Eng. 45, 076001 1-12 (2006) [CrossRef]
  15. C. Macaskill and T. E. Ewart, "Computer simulation of two-dimensional random wave propagation", IMA J. Appl. Math. 33, 1-15 (1984). [CrossRef]
  16. R. G. Lane, A. Glindemann and J. C. Dainty, "Simulation of a Kolmogorov phase screen," Waves Random Media 2, 209-224 (1992) [CrossRef]
  17. R. Frehlich, "Simulation of laser propagation in a turbulent atmosphere," Appl. Opt. 39, 393-397 (2000) [CrossRef]
  18. C. M. Harding, R. A. Johnston and R. G. Lane, "Fast simulation of a Kolmogorov phase screen," Appl. Opt. 38, 2161-2170 (1999) [CrossRef]
  19. F. Assémat, R. W. Wilson, and E. Gendron, "Method for simulating infinitely long and non stationary phase screens with optimized memory storage," Opt. Express 14, 988-999 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. A. Comeron, F. Dios, A. Rodriguez and J. A. Rubio, Artemis laser link for atmospheric turbulence statistics, WP 1300 report, ESA AO/1-3930/01/NL/CK (European Space Agency, 2002)
  21. H. T. Yura and W. G. McKinley, "Optical scintillation statistics for IR ground-to-space laser communication systems," Appl. Opt. 22, 3353-3358 (1983) [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. L. C. Andrews, M. A. Al-Habash, C. Y. Hopen and R. L. Phillips, "Theory of optical scintillation: Gaussian-beam wave model," Waves Random Media 11, 271-291 (2001) [CrossRef]
  23. V. P. Lukin, "Investigation of the anisotropy of the atmospheric turbulence spectrum in the low-frequency range," Proc. SPIE 2471, 347-355 1995. [CrossRef]
  24. A. Ziad, M. Schöck, G.A. Chanan, M. Troy, R. Dekany, B. F. Lane, J. Borgnino, and F. Martin, "Comparison of measurements of the outer scale of turbulence by three different techniques," Appl. Opt. 43, 2316-2324 (2004) [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. J. Recolons and F. Dios, "Accurate calculation of phase screens for the modelling of laser beam propagation through atmospheric turbulence," Proc. SPIE 5891, 51-62 (2005).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited