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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 16, Iss. 5 — Mar. 3, 2008
  • pp: 2894–2908

Out-of-plane coupling at mode cutoff in tapered hollow waveguides with omnidirectional reflector claddings

N. Ponnampalam and R. G. DeCorby  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 5, pp. 2894-2908 (2008)

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We describe the theoretical and experimental analysis of light propagation in tapered, air-core waveguides with omnidirectional reflector claddings. For light within the omnidirectional band, nearly vertical out-ofplane radiation at wavelength-dependent positions along the length of the taper was observed. The coupling positions correspond to the core sizes at which individual modes approach cutoff. The leaky nature and low scattering loss of the waveguides enabled the direct imaging of modal interference and standing waves. The out-coupling experiments were corroborated by in-coupling experiments and by a theoretical analysis. The mechanism described might find application to three-dimensional optical integration, on-chip spectroscopy, and wavelength division multiplexing.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(130.3120) Integrated optics : Integrated optics devices
(160.2750) Materials : Glass and other amorphous materials
(230.4170) Optical devices : Multilayers

ToC Category:
Integrated Optics

Original Manuscript: January 2, 2008
Revised Manuscript: February 14, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: February 14, 2008
Published: February 15, 2008

N. Ponnampalam and R. G. DeCorby, "Out-of-plane coupling at mode cutoff in tapered hollow waveguides with omnidirectional reflector claddings," Opt. Express 16, 2894-2908 (2008)

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