OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 16, Iss. 6 — Mar. 17, 2008
  • pp: 4302–4308

Realization of liquid crystal lens of large aperture and low driving voltages using thin layer of weakly conductive material

M. Ye, B. Wang, and S. Sato  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 6, pp. 4302-4308 (2008)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1738 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We report a liquid crystal (LC) lens with a large aperture but low driving voltages with a thin layer of weakly conductive material. The effect of the conductive layer is demonstrated. A LC lens is realized with a diameter as large as 15 mm and with driving voltages as low as 11 Vrms. The properties of the LC lens are electrically tunable, and high optical quality is observed over the entire voltage range. The lens power decreases monotonically with the controlling voltage.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(220.3630) Optical design and fabrication : Lenses
(230.3720) Optical devices : Liquid-crystal devices

ToC Category:
Optical Design and Fabrication

Original Manuscript: December 5, 2007
Revised Manuscript: January 9, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: January 15, 2008
Published: March 14, 2008

M. Ye, B. Wang, and S. Sato, "Realization of liquid crystal lens of large aperture and low driving voltages using thin layer of weakly conductive material," Opt. Express 16, 4302-4308 (2008)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. S. Sato, "Liquid-crystal lens-cells with variable focal length," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 18, 1679-1684 (1979). [CrossRef]
  2. S. T. Kowel, D. S. Cleverly, and P. G. Kornreich, "Focusing by electrical modulation of refraction in a liquid crystal cell," Appl. Opt. 23, 278-289 (1984). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. T. Nose and S. Sato, "A liquid crystal microlens obtained with a non-uniform electric field," Liq. Cryst. 5, 1425-1433 (1989). [CrossRef]
  4. N. A. Riza and M. C. DeJule, "Three-terminal adaptive nematic liquid-crystal lens device," Opt. Lett. 19, 1013-1015 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. A. F. Naumov, M. Yu. Loktev, I. R. Guralnik, and G. Vdovin, "Liquid-crystal adaptive lenses with modal control," Opt. Lett. 23, 992-994, (1998). [CrossRef]
  6. M. Ye and S. Sato, "Optical properties of liquid crystal lens of any size," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, L571-L573 (2002). [CrossRef]
  7. B. Wang, M. Ye, M. Honma, T. Nose, and S. Sato, "Liquid crystal lens with spherical electrode," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, L1232-L1233 (2002). [CrossRef]
  8. N. A. Riza and S. A. Khan, "Programmable high speed polarization multiplexed optical scanner," Opt. Lett. 28, 561-563, (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. H. Ren and S. T. Wu, "Tunable electronic lens using a gradient polymer network liquid crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 22-24 (2003). [CrossRef]
  10. B. Wang, M. Ye, and S. Sato, "Lens of electrically controllable focal length made by a glass lens and liquid-crystal layers," Appl. Opt. 43, 3420-3425 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. M. Ye, B. Wang, and S. Sato, "Liquid crystal lens with a focal length that is variable in a wide range," Appl. Opt. 43, 6407-6412 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. V. V. Presnyakov and T. V. Galstian, "Electrically tunable polymer stabilized liquid-crystal lens," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 103101-103101-6 (2005). [CrossRef]
  13. G. Q. Li, D. L. Mathine, P. Valley, P. Ayras, J. N. Haddock, M. S. Giridhar, G. Williby, J. Schwiegerling, G. R. Meredith, B. Kippelen, S. Honkanen, and N. Peyghambarian, "Switchable electro-optic diffractive lens with high efficiency for ophthalmic applications," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 103, 6100-6104 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. M. Ye, Y. Yokoyama, and S. Sato, "Liquid crystal lens prepared utilizing patterned molecular orientations on cell walls," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 141112-141114-3 (2006). [CrossRef]
  15. B. Berge and J. Peseux, "Variable focal lens controlled by an external voltage: an application of electrowetting," Eur. Phys. J. E 3, 159 -163 (2000). [CrossRef]
  16. C. C. Cheng and J. A. Yeh, "Dielectrically actuated liquid lens," Opt. Express 15, 7140-7145 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. M. Ye, B. Wang, T. Takahashi, and S. Sato, "Properties of variable-focus liquid crystal lens and its application in focusing system," Opt. Rev. 14, 173-175 (2007). [CrossRef]
  18. M. Ye, B. Wang, M. Kawamura, and S. Sato, "Image formation using liquid crystal lens," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, 6776-6777 (2007). [CrossRef]
  19. M. Ye, B. Wang, and S. Sato, "Effects of dielectric constant of glass substrates on properties of liquid crystal lens," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1295-1297 (2007). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited