OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 16, Iss. 7 — Mar. 31, 2008
  • pp: 4881–4887

Ultra-low power parametric frequency conversion in a silicon microring resonator

Amy C. Turner, Mark A. Foster, Alexander L. Gaeta, and Michal Lipson  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 7, pp. 4881-4887 (2008)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.16.004881


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (236 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We demonstrate parametric wavelength conversion via four-wave mixing using ultra-low peak pump powers of a few milliwatts in a micrometer-scale silicon device. The response time of our device is 100 ps allowing for implementation in high-bandwidth optical communications. At these ultra-low power levels and microscale sizes, it should be possible to realize hundreds of these devices operating simultaneously on a single chip.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(190.4390) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, integrated optics
(130.7405) Integrated optics : Wavelength conversion devices

ToC Category:
Integrated Optics

History
Original Manuscript: February 4, 2008
Revised Manuscript: March 19, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: March 19, 2008
Published: March 26, 2008

Citation
Amy C. Turner, Mark A. Foster, Alexander L. Gaeta, and Michal Lipson, "Ultra-low power parametric frequency conversion in a silicon microring resonator," Opt. Express 16, 4881-4887 (2008)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-7-4881


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic Press, New York, 2001).
  2. K. Kikuchi and C. Lorattanasane, "Design of highly efficient four-wave mixing devices using Optical Fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 992-994 (1994). [CrossRef]
  3. I. H. Agha, Y. Okawachi, M. A. Foster, J. E. Sharping, and A. L. Gaeta, "Four-wave mixing parametric oscillations in dispersion-compensated high-Q optical microspheres," Phys. Rev. A 76, 043837 (2007). [CrossRef]
  4. T. J. Kippenberg, S. M. Spillane, and K. J. Vahala, "Kerr-nonlinearity optical parametric oscillation in an ultrahigh-Q toroid microcavity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 083904 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson and A. L. Gaeta, "Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip," Nature 441, 960-963 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. R. L. Espinola, J. I. Dadap, R. M. Osgood, S. J. McNab, and Y. A. Vlasov, "C-band wavelength conversion in silicon photonic wire waveguides," Opt. Express 13, 4341-4349 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, R. Salem, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, "Broad-band continuous-wave parametric wavelength conversion in silicon nanowaveguides," Opt. Express 15, 12949-12958 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. H. Fukuda, K. Yamada, T. Shoji, M. Takahashi, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, J. -i. Takahashi, and S. -i. Itabashi, "Four-wave mixing in silicon wire waveguides," Opt. Express 13, 4629-4637 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. Y. -H. Kuo, H. Rong, V. Sih, S. Xu, M. Paniccia, and O. Cohen, "Demonstration of wavelength conversion at 40 Gb/s data rate in silicon waveguides," Opt. Express 14, 11721-11726 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. H. Rong, Y. -H. Kuo, A. Liu, M. Paniccia, and O. Cohen, "High efficiency wavelength conversion of 10 Gb/s data in silicon waveguides," Opt. Express 14, 1182-1188 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, T. Shoji, and S. Itabashi, "All-optical efficient wavelength conversion using silicon photonic wire waveguide," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1046-1048 (2006). [CrossRef]
  12. R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson and A. L. Gaeta, "Signal regeneration using low-power four-wave mixing on silicon chip," Nat. Photonics 2, 35-38 (2007). [CrossRef]
  13. S. Ayotte, H. Rong, S. Xu, O. Cohen, and M. J. Paniccia, "Multichannel dispersion compensation using a silicon waveguide-based optical phase conjugator," Opt. Lett. 32, 2393-2395 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. S. Ayotte, S. Xu, H. Rong, O. Cohen, and M. J. Paniccia, "Dispersion compensation by optical phase conjugation in silicon waveguide," Electron. Lett. 43, 1037-1039 (2007). [CrossRef]
  15. A. Ashkin, G. Boyd, and J. Dziedzic, "Resonant optical second harmonic generation and mixing," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2, 109-124 (1966). [CrossRef]
  16. V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, "All-optical control of light on a silicon chip," Nature 431, 1081-1084 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, M. Lipson, M. A. Foster, D. G. Ouzounov, and A. L. Gaeta, "All-optical switching on a silicon chip," Opt. Lett. 29, 2867-2869 (2004). [CrossRef]
  18. Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, "Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator," Nature 435, 325-327 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. P. Dong, S. F. Preble, and M. Lipson, "All-optical compact silicon comb switch," Opt. Express 15, 9600-9605 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, J. Shakya, and M. Lipson, "Cascaded silicon micro-ring modulators for WDM optical interconnection," Opt. Express 14, 9430-9435 (2006). [CrossRef]
  21. B. E. Little, J. S. Foresi, G. Steinmeyer, E. R. Thoen, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, L. C. Kimerling, and W. Greene, "Ultra-compact Si-SiO2 microring resonator optical channel dropping filters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 549-551 (1998). [CrossRef]
  22. M. Cai, O. Painter, and K. Vahala, "Observation of Critical Coupling in a Fiber Taper to a Silica-Microsphere Whispering-Gallery Mode System," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 74-77 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. A. C. Turner, C. Manolatou, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, M. A. Foster, J. E. Sharping, and A. L. Gaeta, "Tailored anomalous group-velocity dispersion in silicon channel waveguides," Opt. Express 14, 4357-4362 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. M. Borselli, T. J. Johnson, and O. Painter, "Accurate measurement of scattering and absorption loss in microphotonic devices," Opt. Lett. 32, 2954-2956 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. P. P. Absil, J. V. Hryniewicz, B. E. Little, P. S. Cho, R. A. Wilson, L. G. Joneckis, and P. -T. Ho, "Wavelength conversion in GaAs mirco-ring resonators," Opt. Lett. 25, 554-556 (2000). [CrossRef]
  26. P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth and T. J. Kippenberg, "Optical frequency comb generation from a monolithic microresonator," Nature 450, 1214-1217 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. B. G. Lee, B. A. Small, K. Bergman, Q. Xu, and M. Lipson, "Transmission of high-data-rate optical signals through a micrometer-scale silicon ring resonator," Opt. Lett. 31, 2701-2703 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. R. A. Soref and B. R. Bennett, "Electrooptical effects in silicon," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 123-129 (1987). [CrossRef]
  29. A. D. Bristow, N. Rotenberg, and H. M. van Driel, "Two-photon absorption and Kerr coefficients of silicon for 850-2200 nm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 191104 (2007). [CrossRef]
  30. M. A. Foster and A. L. Gaeta, "Wavelength Dependence of the Ultrafast Third-Order Nonlinearity of Silicon," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper CTuY5. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=CLEO-2007-CTuY5
  31. H. K. Tsang, C. S. Wong, T. K. Liang, I. E. Day, S. W. Roberts, A. Harpin, J. Drake, and M. Asghari, "Optical dispersion, two-photon absorption and self-phase modulation in silicon waveguides at 1.5 μm wavelength," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 416-418 (2002). [CrossRef]
  32. S. F. Preble, Q. Xu, B. S. Schmidt, and M. Lipson, "Ultrafast all-optical modulation on a silicon chip," Opt. Lett. 30, 2891-2893 (2005) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-30-21-2891. [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3.
 
Fig. 4.
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited