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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 16, Iss. 9 — Apr. 28, 2008
  • pp: 6515–6527

Optofluidic integration of a photonic crystal nanolaser

Se-Heon Kim, Jae-Hoon Choi, Seung-Kon Lee, Shin-Hyun Kim, Seung-Man Yang, Yong-Hee Lee, Christian Seassal, Philippe Regrency, and Pierre Viktorovitch  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 9, pp. 6515-6527 (2008)

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We demonstrate a new type of photonic crystal nanolaser incorporated into a microfluidic chip, which is fabricated by multilayer soft lithography. Experimentally, room-temperature continuous-wave lasing operation was achieved by integrating a photonic crystal nanocavity with a microfluidic unit, in which the flow medium both enhances the rate of heat removal and modulates the refractive index contrast. Furthermore, using the proposed system, dynamic modulation of the resonance wavelength and far-field radiation pattern can be achieved by introducing a bottom reflector across which various fluids with different refractive indices are forced to flow. In particular, by maintaining a gap between the reflector and the cavity equal to the emission wavelength, highly efficient unidirectional emission can be obtained. The proposed nanolasers are ideal platforms for high-fidelity biological and chemical detection tools in micro-total-analytical or lab-on-a-chip systems.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.3600) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, tunable
(140.5960) Lasers and laser optics : Semiconductor lasers
(220.4000) Optical design and fabrication : Microstructure fabrication
(140.3945) Lasers and laser optics : Microcavities
(280.4788) Remote sensing and sensors : Optical sensing and sensors
(230.5298) Optical devices : Photonic crystals

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

Original Manuscript: March 3, 2008
Revised Manuscript: April 18, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: April 18, 2008
Published: April 23, 2008

Virtual Issues
Vol. 3, Iss. 5 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Se-Heon Kim, Jae-Hoon Choi, Seung-Kon Lee, Shin-Hyun Kim, Seung-Man Yang, Yong-Hee Lee, Christian Seassal, Philippe Regrency, and Pierre Viktorovitch, "Optofluidic integration of a photonic crystal nanolaser," Opt. Express 16, 6515-6527 (2008)

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