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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 16, Iss. 9 — Apr. 28, 2008
  • pp: 6567–6578

Effect of jitter on linear pulse-characterization techniques

C. Dorrer  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 9, pp. 6567-6578 (2008)

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Linear pulse-characterization techniques based on electrically driven temporal modulators can measure the electric field of optical pulses with high sensitivity and accuracy. Synchronization of the electric-drive signal to the optical source under test is paramount to their implementation, and it is important to understand the impact of relative synchronization jitter on the measured experimental trace and on the reconstructed electric field. Derivations and simulations are presented for linear spectrography, spectral-shearing interferometry, and simplified chronocyclic tomography. For these three techniques, accurate characterization is obtained for relative jitter with a standard deviation as high as several times the pulse duration.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.3930) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Metrological instrumentation
(320.7160) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast technology

ToC Category:
Ultrafast Optics

Original Manuscript: February 12, 2008
Revised Manuscript: March 17, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: March 19, 2008
Published: April 24, 2008

C. Dorrer, "Effect of jitter on linear pulse-characterization techniques," Opt. Express 16, 6567-6578 (2008)

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  1. P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Augé, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, "Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation," Science 292, 1689-1692 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. I. A. Walmsley and V. Wong, "Characterization of the electric field of ultrashort optical pulses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 2453??2463 (1996). [CrossRef]
  3. C. Dorrer and I. Kang, "Linear self-referencing optical pulse characterization techniques," to be published in the J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (invited).
  4. C. Dorrer and I. Kang, "Simultaneous temporal characterization of telecommunication optical pulses and modulators by use of spectrograms," Opt. Lett. 27, 1315??1317 (2002). [CrossRef]
  5. J. Bromage, C. Dorrer, I. A. Begishev, N. G. Usechak, and J. D. Zuegel, "Highly sensitive, single-shot characterization for pulse widths from 0.4 to 85 ps using electro-optic shearing interferometry," Opt. Lett. 31, 3523??3525 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. B. C. Thomsen, M. A. F. Roelens, R. T. Watts, and D. J. Richardson, "Comparison between nonlinear and linear spectrographic techniques for the complete characterization of high bit-rate pulses used in optical communications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1914??1916 (2005). [CrossRef]
  7. K. T. Vu, A. Malinowski, M. A. F. Roelens, M. Ibsen, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, "Full characterisation of low power picosecond pulses from a gain-switched diode laser using electro-optic modulation based frog," presented at CLEO/QELS 2007, Baltimore, MD, 6??11 May 2007 (Paper CFF4).
  8. C. Dorrer and I. Kang, "Highly sensitive direct characterization of femtosecond pulses by electro-optic spectral shearing interferometry," Opt. Lett. 28, 477??479 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. C. Dorrer and I. Kang, "Complete temporal characterization of short optical pulses by simplified chronocyclic tomography," Opt. Lett. 28, 1481??1483 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. I. Kang, C. Dorrer, and F. Quochi, "Implementation of electro-optic spectral shearing interferometry for ultrashort pulse characterization," Opt. Lett. 28, 2264??2266 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. C. Dorrer and I. A. Walmsley, "Accuracy criterion for ultrashort pulse characterization techniques: Application to spectral phase interferometry for direct electric field reconstruction," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 1019??1029 (2002). [CrossRef]
  12. C. Dorrer and I. Kang, "Real-time implementation of linear spectrograms for the characterization of high bit-rate optical pulse trains," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 858??860 (2004). [CrossRef]
  13. D. J. Kane, "Recent progress toward real-time measurement of ultrashort laser pulses," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 421??431 (1999). [CrossRef]
  14. R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweester, M. A. Krumbügel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, "Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277-3295 (1997). [CrossRef]
  15. C. Dorrer, "Investigation of the spectrogram techniques for the characterization of picosecond optical pulses," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2005, Technical Digest, OFC/NOFEC (IEEE, New York, 2005), Vol. 2, Paper OTuB3.
  16. V. A. Zubov and T. I. Kuznetsova, "Solution of the phase problem for time-dependent optical signals by an interference system," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 21, 1285??1286 (1991). [CrossRef]
  17. V. Wong and I. A. Walmsley, "Analysis of ultrashort pulse-shape measurement using linear interferometers," Opt. Lett. 19, 287??289 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. I. Kang and C. Dorrer, "Highly sensitive differential tomographic technique for real-time ultrashort pulse characterization," Opt. Lett. 30, 1545??1547 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

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