OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 1 — Jan. 5, 2009
  • pp: 1–6

Surface-emitting circular DFB, disk-, and ring-Bragg resonator lasers with chirped gratings. II: nonuniform pumping and far-field patterns

Xiankai Sun and Amnon Yariv  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 1, pp. 1-6 (2009)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.17.000001


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (170 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

This is a continuation of our previous work [Opt. Express 16, 9155 (2008)]. In this paper we investigate the effect of nonuniform pumping on the modal properties of surface-emitting chirped circular grating lasers. By numerically solving the coupled-mode equations and matching the boundaries we compare and discuss the threshold pump levels and frequency detuning factors for three pumping profiles: uniform, Gaussian, and annular. Depending on the overlap of the pumping and modal profiles, Gaussian pumping results in the lowest threshold pump levels except for the fundamental mode of ring Bragg resonator laser, and annular pumping provides larger threshold discrimination between the fundamental and first-order modes of circular DFB and ring Bragg resonator lasers, which is favorable for single-mode operation in these lasers. We also study the far-field patterns of the fundamental modes of circular DFB, disk-, and ring-Bragg resonator lasers. Circular DFB and ring Bragg resonator lasers have the first-order dominating peak, while disk Bragg resonator laser exhibits the zeroth-order dominating peak.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.2770) Diffraction and gratings : Gratings
(130.2790) Integrated optics : Guided waves
(140.5560) Lasers and laser optics : Pumping
(140.5960) Lasers and laser optics : Semiconductor lasers
(230.1480) Optical devices : Bragg reflectors
(250.7270) Optoelectronics : Vertical emitting lasers

ToC Category:
Optoelectronics

History
Original Manuscript: November 7, 2008
Revised Manuscript: December 18, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: December 18, 2008
Published: December 22, 2008

Citation
Xiankai Sun and Amnon Yariv, "Surface-emitting circular DFB, disk-, and ring-Bragg resonator lasers with chirped gratings. II: nonuniform pumping and far-field patterns," Opt. Express 17, 1-6 (2009)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-1-1


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. J. Scheuer and A. Yariv, "Coupled-Waves Approach to the Design and Analysis of Bragg and Photonic Crystal Annular Resonators," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1555-1562 (2003). [CrossRef]
  2. J. Scheuer and A. Yariv, "Annular Bragg defect mode resonators," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 2285-2291 (2003). [CrossRef]
  3. X. K. Sun and A. Yariv, "Surface-emitting circular DFB, disk-, and ring- Bragg resonator lasers with chirped gratings: a unified theory and comparative study," Opt. Express 16, 9155-9164 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. C. Olson, P. L. Greene, G. W. Wicks, D. G. Hall, and S. Rishton, "High-order azimuthal spatial modes of concentric-circle-grating surface-emitting semiconductor lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1284-1286 (1998). [CrossRef]
  5. J. Scheuer, W. M. J. Green, G. A. DeRose, and A. Yariv, "InGaAsP Annular Bragg Lasers: Theory, Applications, and Modal Properties," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 476-484 (2005). [CrossRef]
  6. C. Wu, T. Makino, M. Fallahi, R. G. A. Craig, G. Knight, I. Templeton, and C. Blaauw, "Novel Circular Grating Surface-Emitting Lasers with Emission from Center," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.  33-Pt. 2, L427-L429 (1994). [CrossRef]
  7. K. J. Kasunic, E. M. Wright, and N. Peyghambarian, "Numerical modeling of inhomogeneously-pumped circular-grating DFB lasers," Proc. SPIE 2398, 125-134 (1995). [CrossRef]
  8. P. L. Greene and D. G. Hall, "Effects of Radiation on Circular-Grating DFB Lasers—Part II: Device and Pump-Beam Parameters," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 364-371 (2001). [CrossRef]
  9. G. A. Turnbull, A. Carleton, A. Tahraouhi, T. F. Krauss, I. D. W. Samuel, G. F. Barlow, and K. A. Shore, "Effect of gain localization in circular-grating distributed feedback lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 201101 (2005). [CrossRef]
  10. A. M. Shams-Zadeh-Amiri, X. Li, and W.-P. Huang, "Above-Threshold Analysis of Second-Order Circular-Grating DFB Lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 259-267 (2000). [CrossRef]
  11. G. F. Barlow, A. Shore, G. A. Turnbull, and I. D. W. Samuel, "Design and analysis of a low-threshold polymer circular-grating distributed-feedback laser," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 2142-2150 (2004). [CrossRef]
  12. X. K. Sun, J. Scheuer, and A. Yariv, "Optimal design and reduced threshold in vertically emitting circular Bragg disk resonator lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 359-366 (2007). [CrossRef]
  13. X. K. Sun and A. Yariv, "Modal properties and modal control in vertically emitting annular Bragg lasers," Opt. Express 15, 17323-17333 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. A. Yariv, Quantum Electronics, 3rd ed. (Wiley, New York, 1989).
  15. E. Hecht, Optics, 3rd ed. (Addison-Wesley, 1998).
  16. R. H. Jordan, D. G. Hall, O. King, G. Wicks, and S. Rishton, "Lasing behavior of circular grating surface-emitting semiconductor lasers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 449-453 (1997). [CrossRef]
  17. 17. M. Fallahi, M. Dion, F. Chatenoud, I. M. Templeton, R. Barber, and J. Sedivy, "Low Threshold CW Operation of Circular-Grating Surface-Emitting DBR Lasers Using MQW and a Self-Aligned Process," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1280-1282 (1994). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3.
 
Fig. 4.
 

Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited