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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 10 — May. 11, 2009
  • pp: 7756–7770

Spectral shift by half free-spectral-range for microring resonator employing the phase jump phenomenon in coupled-waveguide and application on all-microring wavelength interleaver

Chih T’sung Shih and Shiuh Chao  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 10, pp. 7756-7770 (2009)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.17.007756


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Abstract

Using coupled-mode theory, we have shown that there is a π phase jump between the input and the through/drop fields of a co-directional coupler when the gap width between the coupled-waveguides reaches certain values such that the length of the coupler equals to the odd integer (for through field) or even integer (for drop field) times of the Transfer Distance. We introduced an efficient numerical method based on combining the scattering matrix method and FDTD method for analyzing a microring that has material loss. By applying this method, we found that the phase jump phenomenon also occurs in a half-ring coupler when the gap width between the coupled half-ring waveguides reaches a critical value. We showed that, for a given operating bandwidth, it is important that the gap width between the rings has to be larger than a certain value in order to avoid the phase jump, or smaller in order to take advantage of the phase jump. Based on the phase jump phenomenon, we found that the through and the drop spectra of the single-arm and the double-arm microring can be manipulated to shift about one half free spectral range by selecting appropriate gap widths. A novel all-microring wavelength interleaver, based on the phase jump phenomenon, is proposed and numerically demonstrated.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(130.1750) Integrated optics : Components
(130.2790) Integrated optics : Guided waves
(130.3120) Integrated optics : Integrated optics devices
(230.3120) Optical devices : Integrated optics devices
(230.4555) Optical devices : Coupled resonators
(130.7408) Integrated optics : Wavelength filtering devices

ToC Category:
Integrated Optics

History
Original Manuscript: February 25, 2009
Revised Manuscript: April 3, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: April 19, 2009
Published: April 27, 2009

Citation
Chih T. Shih and Shiuh Chao, "Spectral shift by half free-spectral-range for microring resonator employing the phase jump phenomenon in coupled-waveguide and application on all-microring wavelength interleaver," Opt. Express 17, 7756-7770 (2009)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-10-7756


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