OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 17, Iss. 10 — May. 11, 2009
  • pp: 7784–7789

Vapor-deposited thin films with negative real refractive index in the visible regime

Yi-Jun Jen, Akhlesh Lakhtakia, Ching-Wei Yu, and Chin-Te Lin  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 10, pp. 7784-7789 (2009)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.17.007784


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (185 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

A thin film comprising parallel tilted nanorods was deposited by directing silver vapor obliquely towards a plane substrate. The reflection and transmission coefficients of the thin film were measured at three wavelengths in the visible regime for normal-illumination conditions, using ellipsometry and walk-off interferometry. The thin film was found to display a negative real refractive index. Since vapor deposition is a well-established industrial technique to deposit thin films, this finding is promising for large-scale production of negatively refracting metamaterials.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(310.1860) Thin films : Deposition and fabrication
(310.6860) Thin films : Thin films, optical properties
(160.3918) Materials : Metamaterials

ToC Category:
Thin Films

History
Original Manuscript: March 9, 2009
Revised Manuscript: April 17, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: April 23, 2009
Published: April 27, 2009

Citation
Yi-Jun Jen, Akhlesh Lakhtakia, Ching-Wei Yu, and Chin-Te Lin, "Vapor-deposited thin films with negative real refractive index in the visible regime," Opt. Express 17, 7784-7789 (2009)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-10-7784


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, and M. C. K. Wiltshire, "Metamaterials and negative refractive index," Science 305, 788-792 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. V. M. Shalaev, "Optical negative-index metamaterials," Nature Photon. 1, 41-48 (2007). [CrossRef]
  3. R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, "Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction," Science 292, 77-79 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. V. M. Shalaev, W. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, H.-K. Yuan, A. K. Sarychev, V. P. Drachev, and A. V. Kildishev, "Negative index of refraction in optical metamaterials," Opt. Lett. 30,3356-3358 (2005). [CrossRef]
  5. S. Zhang, W. Fan, N. C. Panoiu, K. J. Malloy, R. M. Osgood, and S. R. J. Brueck, "Experimental demonstration of near-infrared negative-index metamaterials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95,137404 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. Yao, Z. Liu, Y. Liu, Y. Wang, C. Sun, G. Bartal, A. M. Stacy, and X. Zhang, "Optical negative refraction in bulk metamaterials of nanowires," Science 321, 930 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. D. M. Mattox, The Foundations of Vacuum Coating Technology (Noyes Publications, Norwich, NY, USA, 2003).
  8. H. A. Macleod, Thin-Film Optical Filters (Institute of Physics, Bristol, United Kingdom, 2001), Chap. 9. [CrossRef]
  9. P. W. Baumeister, Optical Coating Technology (SPIE, Bellingham, WA, USA, 2004), Chap. 9. [CrossRef]
  10. H. van Kranenburg and C. Lodder, "Tailoring growth and local composition by oblique-incidence deposition: a review and new experimental data," Mater. Sci. Eng. R 11,295-354 (1994). [CrossRef]
  11. H. König and G. Helwig, "Über die Struktur schräg aufgedampfter Schichten und ihr Einfluß auf die Entwicklung submikroskopischer Oberflächenrauhigkeiten," Optik 6, 111-124 (1950).
  12. R. Messier, "The nano-world of thin films," J. Nanophoton. 2, 021995 (2008). [CrossRef]
  13. A. Kundt, "Ueber die electromagnetische Drehung der Polarisationsebene des Lichtes im Eisen," Ann. Phys. Chem. Lpz. 27, 191-202 (1886). [CrossRef]
  14. J. F. Nye, Physical Properties of Crystals (Clarendon Press, Oxford, United Kingdom, 1985).
  15. Y.-P. Zhao, S. B. Chaney, and Z.-Y. Zhang, "Absorbance spectra of aligned Ag nanorod arrays prepared by oblique angle deposition," J. Appl. Phys. 100, 063527 (2007). [CrossRef]
  16. A. Lakhtakia and R. Messier, Sculptured Thin Films: Nanoengineered Morphology and Optics (SPIE Press, Bellingham, WA, USA, 2004), Chaps. 2 and 7.
  17. D. R. Smith and S. Schultz, "Determination of effective permittivity and permeability of metamaterials from reflection and transmission coefficients," Phys. Rev. B 65, 195104 (2002). [CrossRef]
  18. P. Markos and C. M. Soukoulis, "Transmission properties and effective electromagnetic parameters of double negative metamaterials," Opt. Express 11, 649-661 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. R. M. A. Azzam and N. M. Bashara, Ellipsometry and Polarized Light (Elsevier, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 1977).
  20. A. V. Kildishev, W. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, H.-K. Yuan, A. K. Sarychev, V. P. Drachev, and V. M. Shalaev, "Negative refractive index in optics of metal-dielectric composites," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 423-433 (2006). [CrossRef]
  21. J. B. Pendry, "Extremely low frequency plasmons in metallic mesostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 4773-4776 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins, and W. J. Stewart, "Low frequency plasmons in thin-wire structures," J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 10, 4758-4809 (1998). [CrossRef]
  23. R. A. Depine and A. Lakhtakia, "A new condition to identify isotropic dielectric-magnetic materials displaying negative phase velocity," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 41, 315-317 (2004). [CrossRef]
  24. S. A. Ramakrishna and J. B. Pendry, "Removal of absorption and increase in resolution in a near-field lens via optical gain," Phys. Rev. B 67, 201101 (2003). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1. Fig. 2.
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited